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[Guide] A few thoughts after 5 years in Switzerland.

2020.10.06 10:45 travel_ali [Guide] A few thoughts after 5 years in Switzerland.

DISCLOSURE: This is my experience with the initial and long term move and adjustment that might be useful or at least interesting to other users. Links are either to my sub-reddit which I use as a blog/diary for my own amusement without any other compensation, and I have no affiliation with any of the linked external websites.
It is now just over 5 years since I (32/male) moved from the UK to Switzerland. There have been many surprises along the way. I moved here with a 1 year temporary contract and had vague plans to work, see the country at weekends, and then move on elsewhere after. During this time I have moved house, moved job, been unemployed for a few months, explored the country, met and worked with Swiss people from various parts of the country and Expats of various backgrounds, oh and gotten married to a Swiss person.
This is not an all out guide (there are plenty of those), more my reflections and a few lessons learned.
I have posted before after 1 year and after 2.5 years.I have also written pretty extensively about travelling here and Switzerland in general – an overview post of all that is here.
---Resources---
I came in knowing practically nothing other than a frantic check of anything I needed to do to avoid being kicked out.
  • The book “Living and Working in Switzerland : A Survival Handbook” by David Hampshire, is very useful.
  • Various dedicated websites with more serious official information sem.admin.ch, and Ch.ch, and to an extent websites like SwissInfo.
  • Various websites with more unofficial but helpful information. The EnglishForum.ch is a treasure trove of information and experiences. But there are endless other places like Newlyswissed, and Swiss and Chips that vary between useless fluff and very useful info.
---Why and how---
  • I did a PhD in the UK and as I was finishing it up and looking for a PostDoc I basically just got a job here in a place I had never heard of through chance by a chain of contacts. I had been looking to move abroad but for some reason Switzerland had never occurred to me.
  • Initially I arrived on a 1 year contract with Firm A, with the strong likelihood of it being extended to 2 years. It ended up as 2.5, by which time I was moved in with my girlfriend and I was set on sticking around. Job hunting was slower than I expected, so before starting on a new position at Firm B I applied to unemployment benefits for what turned out to be just a month (not sure I need to be so secretive really, but why not).
  • I basically just moved with my laptop and as much clothing as I could fit in a 60L backpack. I didn’t botheforgot to declare anything (not that I brought anything of any value with me).
  • I got lucky with housing, but that could have been the biggest problem. Initially I had been expecting to stay at a flat rented by the company for a month or two until I found my own place. This got cancelled at the last minute and I found myself trying to find a flat to move straight into. In the end I staying at a hostel for a week and moved into a shared flat found through WGzimmer.ch before the end of the week. There are not many shared flats where you can quickly jump in compared to the UK, and applying for a flat of your own often feels more like applying for a job or dating with the process dragging on for much longer than the “You like it? OK pay the deposit and sign here” method in the UK. Starting early and getting help from your company is certainly advisable there. The only time I ever use my Dr title is on job and housing applications.
---Bureaucracy, Rules, and Paperwork---
I had feared this would be a slow and complicated torture, but to date this has all been very quick, easy, and painless. In large part probably because I had a job already, I was an EU citizen, and I had an address lined up quickly. I know it gets more complicated for non-EU citizens.
  • Dealing with the local authorities has always been fast, efficient, and friendly. Other than collecting my residency permit every so often when a contract has been renewed I have only had to deal with them very periodically, but any phone call or visit has taken no more than 20 minutes with very little waiting. This might just be because I live in a small city – maybe in Zürich or a tiny village it is different.
  • I had a slight delay in getting my permit and bank account activated as I waited for the landlord to approve my place as subtenant and give me a contract for proof of address (despite the fact I was already living there). This didn’t create any problems, my firm just gave me an envelope stuffed with bank notes for my first payment.
  • Setting up a PostFinance bank account was easy (even with a language barrier then). 20 minutes of filling in a form and showing a few documents.
  • Despite the reputation for rules and order I have not noticed much difference to life in other industrialised western countries. If anything it is more relaxed in many ways. There are some stricter rules like having to use pre-taxed bin bags or minimal noise on a Sunday, but these are mostly reasonable enough. It is nice not hear endless lawn mower engines on a Sunday afternoon. The only rule that seems pointless is having to tie up paper in a perfect bundle for recycling. Maybe if I ever try and build a house or plan an extension the rules will get more complex and painful.
  • You are supposed to swap your driving licence within a year, or unable to drive in Switzerland and be made to repeat the test again if you want a Swiss licence. I didn’t apply at first given that I never intended to drive here or stay much longer at first. When I did apply after 2.5 years through the standard process (just to see what would happen) I actually did just get given a Swiss licence without being asked to go through the whole testing process.
  • The mandatory health insurance is easy enough to set up with all the big companies offering English support. I have mostly done the bare minimum I need to do here and have yet to start being truly Swiss and chasing the best deal every year. The cost is painful, but the health care system has always been efficient and effective for me.
  • Tax was originally paid at the source (as is standard for foreign workers up until you are on a C permit), but now being married and treated as a combined legal entity I am paying tax through the standard method.
  • Going through the marriage process was also easy. Being an EU citizen marrying a Swiss citizen helped. There was some confusion when they asked for a statement from the UK govt saying I was not married as this apparently has not been given out in years, but a quick chat resolved that problem. A British friend who married a non-resident Russian had a much harder time.
---Money---
  • I make roughly 100k CHF per year. This is decent by Swiss standards. Given my education and experience I could get more in another firm/position here, but I am happy with my workplace and would be very reluctant to give up my scenic riverside commute by bike.
  • Saving money has not been a problem. Even bearing most of the household costs with a studying partner. Not having a car, pets, kids, or eating/drinking out much helps there. My main non-essential expense is the general train pass and food/accommodation costs for weekends around the country.
  • The high prices take some getting used to at first, but when you work here it isn’t so bad (once you learn to stop converting them back to your native currency). The positive side is that when you leave Switzerland everything is suddenly so cheap.
--- The Swiss ---
I like the Swiss.
  • I have never had any problems with the Swiss; despite the number of comments I see online bemoaning the fact that whilst Switzerland is a beautiful country it would be terrible to live in as the locals hate foreigners. I have never had a moment of hostility and experience less general rudeness than I would expect back home in the UK (even with language/culture barriers to push the patience).
  • I am however white, from a north-western European country which doesn’t have many expats in Switzerland, and educated (outside the expense of the Swiss people). So I am probably not going to be the target of much racism or xenophobia.
  • Whilst not the warmest people in the world there is a certain friendliness, especially in informal situations. Put a Swiss person in the countryside and they will be friends with anyone. In rural restaurants especially sharing a table with strangers and saying hello/goodbye to everyone there as a whole is standard practice.
  • I am also more on the introverted side so a quieter and orderly country is probably more my sort of place than some of the commenters.
---Making friends---
My friendship group is a mix of Swiss and other expats. It is easier to integrate with other expats, though I find that the younger generations of Swiss are much more open than the old jokes of knowing a Swiss person from birth or for 40 years to be their friend would suggest.
Moving in with a Swiss man of my age right away made this much easier. I basically got an instant friend and guide to all things Swiss.
---Language---
I have written fairly extensively about Swiss-German before. Though I do like Swiss-German and I much prefer High-German with a Swiss accent to the standard German High-German.
  • I had some very basic German in the distance past from school. Then started learning before I arrived. Now I am B2/C1 with German and working towards A2 with French.
  • Oddly even living in a German speaking area it can be hard to use it, especially now not being out and about much. My work is in English and it is conducted in German or whatever language most people in the meeting speak (which is typically English), my home life is mostly English as I met my wife when I didn’t speak much German and we got too used to speaking English together.
  • I didn’t need to get a language certificate (still don’t really). Partly I put it off thinking I would wait until the next level, and partly that the grammar and me are not friends. I have finally taken the TELC B2 exam for German and am waiting on the results for that.
  • The Swiss are very patient with language. I got one or two comments from shop workers that I should learn German if I was going to live here at first – but nothing that felt like it had any bad intention or resentment to it. If anything I have a problem getting the Swiss to speak German with me, many of them will switch to English as soon as they get a hint of my accent. I expect that in a touristy area like Interlaken, but it happens everywhere from the butcher to a remote farmhouse restaurant in the Jura.
  • As noted above English is very widely spoken.
  • If you live in a city and work in an international workplace then knowing the local language isn’t really needed. Once you have a flat and bank account all the interaction you need is self-service machines at the supermarket (and even those you can set to English). Though I certainly don’t recommend doing that.
  • It is natural to think that everyone here speaks German/French/Italian fluently (and maybe some Romansch), but that is far from the case. Some do have all 3, many are fluent in 2, but very often English is the preferred common language outside of their mother tongue. Likewise the way the language regions tend to have very hard borders without much overlap was a bit surprising at first. I often find that French speakers would rather (or can only) speak English rather than German.
  • Being in a country with multiple languages will never get boring. Especially somewhere that actually is bilingual like Biel where it isn’t uncommon for a shopkeeper to forget what language they were speaking to you in and switch from German to French.
---Surprises---
  • Those bastard fancy landscape photos didn’t show the fog did they? From September to February temperature inversion means that much of the low lying middle of Switzerland can be sat in/under a thick fog. How bad this is varies by location; some places barely get any whilst others turn into Silent Hill for weeks on end. Already shorter winter days can be shortened by hours as the light is swallowed. The plus side is that above the fog you get super clear views, but it gets depressing after days of daily life sat inside it.
  • The country is much livelier than I expected. The stereotype of a grey serious place might have been true decades ago but certainly isn’t now. Especially in summer there are constant music festivals, lively bars, and flotillas of people floating down the rivers in inflatable flamingos. Granted it still isn’t Latin America.
  • I was not prepared for Swiss-German, my then basic German knowledge didn’t stand a chance. I have been working on this and managed to put together as comprehensive collection of resources as you are likely to find anywhere for Swiss-German.
  • The Swiss love to shake hands. For me they are something for the first time you meet someone, or maybe for professional acquaintances you see infrequently. Not for everyone in your group of friends at the start and end of the evening. Kids shaking hands with the teacher everyday is still a strange concept to me.
  • The Swiss see summer as BBQ season in a way that makes the Aussies look like amateurs. I have seen people lighting up fires on tiny balconies in Zürich to BBQ on.
  • How much there is outside of the Alps. Maybe it was my ignorance before, but I was surprised by how many beautiful spots there are even in the topographically boring parts of the country.
---My Swiss Achievements---
  • Aromat on the table.
  • Making a fire in the countryside to roast a cervelat.
  • Phoned the police to lodge a nose complaint (the Bünzli award). It was 2am on a weekday and the 5th night in a row. I haven’t started to phone the police because my neighbour sneezed too loudly on a Sunday (yet).
  • Raclette grill and Fondue caquelon in the kitchen.
  • Waking up at 3am for the Morgestraich in Basel and tolerating other parts of Fasnacht like bands outside my window at 2am on a Tuesday morning.
  • Swimming and floating in lakes and rivers during the summer.
  • Visiting more places in Switzerland than most Swiss people I know. A new country is always more interesting than your own backyard in fairness.
---Why I am still here---
I certainly never thought I would be here 5 years later, but I am very happy to still be around.
  • It is a beautiful and safe county with nice people, high quality services and infrastructure. Having put in the effort to understand the culture and learnt the language is an incentive too.
  • I keep finding work. The Swiss level income is a nice bonus, but it really isn’t the thing that is driving me to stay here. I am not very career driven, so long as I have enough money to enjoy myself and find the work interesting enough I am happy.
  • The thing I would find hardest to give up is the freedom of the landscape. The extent of paths and smaller roads around the country that are open to anyone. Making it so easy and carefree to get out and anywhere, especially by foot or bike.
  • It is much more varied than you would expect. Both in landscape and culture there is plenty of different things to see and take in so there is always something interesting to do.
  • I also dislike driving, so the extensive public transport system is fantastic.
  • The self-service machines in Supermarkets are actually used in addition to normal checkouts rather than a replacement. And they actually trust you and don’t weigh your goods and shout at you if anything is 1g out of place. It might sound like a strange point to be so happy about, but compared to the UK shopping experience these days it is so nice.
---What I dislike---
Not much.
  • Less smokers and more Australian like rules on smoking would be very nice (EG no smoking in areas where people are eating, including outdoors). It would be nice to sit down on a terrace at a restaurant and not worry if a chain smoker is going to sit down at the table next to you.
  • More exotic food and longer shop opening times would be nice (seeing the supermarkets closed at 18:30 was a hell of a shock at first) but I have gotten used to that.
  • Jobs are mostly advertised without a salary, which you then discuss in the interview. For me at least this is rather awkward.
---Regrets---
  • Not getting a language certificate earlier.
  • Not joining a social club. I have looked but really nothing has taken my fancy.
---Changes with time---
  • I have gotten too used to the landscape. I still admire the view from the train window, but it is never as special or exciting as during the first few months.
  • My town has seen a dramatic increase in English speakers. Mostly due to the growth/arrival of a few big MedTech firms.
  • E-bikes are increasingly everywhere. I had never seen one before I arrived and was surprised to see them all over town back in 2015. Now they are all over the countryside too with mountain E-bikes being very common in places that were previously only the domain of the most hardcore riders.
  • The climate seems to be getting warmer and drier every year. The amount of snow in the flat land isn’t that different to the UK these days.
  • The amount of rubbish and anti-social noise (especially blue-tooth speakers) seems to be getting worse. People seem especially unable to bother carrying their empty cans and disposable BBQ with them from the riverside during summer. The increasing number of people (not even just teenagers) who need an absurdly loud speaker at all times is sad, thankfully it isn’t common in the countryside (yet).
submitted by travel_ali to IWantOut [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 16:08 travel_ali A few more thoughts and experiences after 5 years.

It is now just over 5 years since I (32/male) moved from the UK to Switzerland. There have been many surprises along the way. I moved here with a 1 year temporary contract and had vague plans to work, see the country at weekends, and then move on elsewhere after. During this time I have moved house, moved job, been unemployed for a few months, explored the country, met and worked with Swiss people from various parts of the country and Expats of various backgrounds, oh and gotten married to a Swiss person.
This is not an all out guide (there are plenty of those), more my reflections and a few lessons learned.
I have posted before after 1 year and after 2.5 years.I have also written pretty extensively about travelling here and Switzerland in general – an overview post of all that is here.
---Resources---
I came in knowing practically nothing other than a frantic check of anything I needed to do to avoid being kicked out.
  • The book “Living and Working in Switzerland : A Survival Handbook” by David Hampshire, is very useful.
  • Various dedicated websites with more serious official information sem.admin.ch, and Ch.ch, and to an extent websites like SwissInfo.
  • Various websites with more unofficial but helpful information. The EnglishForum.ch is a treasure trove of information and experiences. But there are endless other places like Newlyswissed, and Swiss and Chips that vary between useless fluff and very useful info.
---Why and how---
  • I did a PhD in the UK and as I was finishing it up and looking for a PostDoc I basically just got a job here in a place I had never heard of through chance by a chain of contacts. I had been looking to move abroad but for some reason Switzerland had never occurred to me.
  • Initially I arrived on a 1 year contract with Firm A, with the strong likelihood of it being extended to 2 years. It ended up as 2.5, by which time I was moved in with my girlfriend and I was set on sticking around. Job hunting was slower than I expected, so before starting on a new position at Firm B I applied to unemployment benefits for what turned out to be just a month (not sure I need to be so secretive really, but why not).
  • I basically just moved with my laptop and as much clothing as I could fit in a 60L backpack. I didn’t botheforgot to declare anything (not that I brought anything of any value with me).
  • I got lucky with housing, but that could have been the biggest problem. Initially I had been expecting to stay at a flat rented by the company for a month or two until I found my own place. This got cancelled at the last minute and I found myself trying to find a flat to move straight into. In the end I staying at a hostel for a week and moved into a shared flat found through WGzimmer.ch before the end of the week. There are not many shared flats where you can quickly jump in compared to the UK, and applying for a flat of your own often feels more like applying for a job or dating with the process dragging on for much longer than the “You like it? OK pay the deposit and sign here” method in the UK. Starting early and getting help from your company is certainly advisable there. The only time I ever use my Dr title is on job and housing applications.
---Bureaucracy, Rules, and Paperwork---
I had feared this would be a slow and complicated torture, but to date this has all been very quick, easy, and painless. In large part probably because I had a job already, I was an EU citizen, and I had an address lined up quickly. I know it gets more complicated for non-EU citizens.
  • Dealing with the local authorities has always been fast, efficient, and friendly. Other than collecting my residency permit every so often when a contract has been renewed I have only had to deal with them very periodically, but any phone call or visit has taken no more than 20 minutes with very little waiting. This might just be because I live in a small city – maybe in Zürich or a tiny village it is different.
  • I had a slight delay in getting my permit and bank account activated as I waited for the landlord to approve my place as subtenant and give me a contract for proof of address (despite the fact I was already living there). This didn’t create any problems, my firm just gave me an envelope stuffed with bank notes for my first payment.
  • Setting up a PostFinance bank account was easy (even with a language barrier then). 20 minutes of filling in a form and showing a few documents.
  • Despite the reputation for rules and order I have not noticed much difference to life in other industrialised western countries. If anything it is more relaxed in many ways. There are some stricter rules like having to use pre-taxed bin bags or minimal noise on a Sunday, but these are mostly reasonable enough. It is nice not hear endless lawn mower engines on a Sunday afternoon. The only rule that seems pointless is having to tie up paper in a perfect bundle for recycling. Maybe if I ever try and build a house or plan an extension the rules will get more complex and painful.
  • You are supposed to swap your driving licence within a year, or unable to drive in Switzerland and be made to repeat the test again if you want a Swiss licence. I didn’t apply at first given that I never intended to drive here or stay much longer at first. When I did apply after 2.5 years through the standard process (just to see what would happen) I actually did just get given a Swiss licence without being asked to go through the whole testing process.
  • The mandatory health insurance is easy enough to set up with all the big companies offering English support. I have mostly done the bare minimum I need to do here and have yet to start being truly Swiss and chasing the best deal every year. The cost is painful, but the health care system has always been efficient and effective for me.
  • Tax was originally paid at the source (as is standard for foreign workers up until you are on a C permit), but now being married and treated as a combined legal entity I am paying tax through the standard method.
  • Going through the marriage process was also easy. Being an EU citizen marrying a Swiss citizen helped. There was some confusion when they asked for a statement from the UK govt saying I was not married as this apparently has not been given out in years, but a quick chat resolved that problem. A British friend who married a non-resident Russian had a much harder time.
---Money---
  • I make roughly 100k CHF per year. This is decent by Swiss standards. Given my education and experience I could get more in another firm/position here, but I am happy with my workplace and would be very reluctant to give up my scenic riverside commute by bike.
  • Saving money has not been a problem. Even bearing most of the household costs with a studying partner. Not having a car, pets, kids, or eating/drinking out much helps there. My main non-essential expense is the general train pass and food/accommodation costs for weekends around the country.
  • The high prices take some getting used to at first, but when you work here it isn’t so bad (once you learn to stop converting them back to your native currency). The positive side is that when you leave Switzerland everything is suddenly so cheap.
--- The Swiss ---
I like the Swiss.
  • I have never had any problems with the Swiss; despite the number of comments I see online bemoaning the fact that whilst Switzerland is a beautiful country it would be terrible to live in as the locals hate foreigners. I have never had a moment of hostility and experience less general rudeness than I would expect back home in the UK (even with language/culture barriers to push the patience).
  • I am however white, from a north-western European country which doesn’t have many expats in Switzerland, and educated (outside the expense of the Swiss people). So I am probably not going to be the target of much racism or xenophobia.
  • Whilst not the warmest people in the world there is a certain friendliness, especially in informal situations. Put a Swiss person in the countryside and they will be friends with anyone. In rural restaurants especially sharing a table with strangers and saying hello/goodbye to everyone there as a whole is standard practice.
  • I am amazed by how relaxed and trusting they can be. Once for example whilst eating outside at a quiet restaurant I asked for the bill and a coffee, the owner left the restaurant wallet on the table with me and went to get the coffee.
  • I am also more on the introverted side so a quieter and orderly country is probably more my sort of place than some of the commenters.
---Making friends---
My friendship group is a mix of Swiss and other expats. It is easier to integrate with other expats, though I find that the younger generations of Swiss are much more open than the old jokes of knowing a Swiss person from birth or for 40 years to be their friend would suggest.
Moving in with a Swiss man of my age right away made this much easier. I basically got an instant friend and guide to all things Swiss.
---Language---
I have written fairly extensively about Swiss-German before. Though I do like Swiss-German and I much prefer High-German with a Swiss accent to the standard German High-German.
  • I had some very basic German in the distance past from school. Then started learning before I arrived. Now I am B2/C1 with German and working towards A2 with French.
  • Oddly even living in a German speaking area it can be hard to use it, especially now not being out and about much. My work is in English and it is conducted in German or whatever language most people in the meeting speak (which is typically English), my home life is mostly English as I met my wife when I didn’t speak much German and we got too used to speaking English together.
  • I didn’t need to get a language certificate (still don’t really). Partly I put it off thinking I would wait until the next level, and partly that the grammar and me are not friends. I have finally taken the TELC B2 exam for German and am waiting on the results for that.
  • The Swiss are very patient with language. I got one or two comments from shop workers that I should learn German if I was going to live here at first – but nothing that felt like it had any bad intention or resentment to it. If anything I have a problem getting the Swiss to speak German with me, many of them will switch to English as soon as they get a hint of my accent. I expect that in a touristy area like Interlaken, but it happens everywhere from the butcher to a remote farmhouse restaurant in the Jura.
  • As noted above English is very widely spoken.
  • If you live in a city and work in an international workplace then knowing the local language isn’t really needed. Once you have a flat and bank account all the interaction you need is self-service machines at the supermarket (and even those you can set to English). Though I certainly don’t recommend doing that.
  • It is natural to think that everyone here speaks German/French/Italian fluently (and maybe some Romansch), but that is far from the case. Some do have all 3, many are fluent in 2, but very often English is the preferred common language outside of their mother tongue. Likewise the way the language regions tend to have very hard borders without much overlap was a bit surprising at first. I often find that French speakers would rather (or can only) speak English rather than German.
  • Being in a country with multiple languages will never get boring. Especially somewhere that actually is bilingual like Biel where it isn’t uncommon for a shopkeeper to forget what language they were speaking to you in and switch from German to French.
---Surprises---
  • Those bastard fancy landscape photos didn’t show the fog did they? From September to February temperature inversion means that much of the low lying middle of Switzerland can be sat in/under a thick fog. How bad this is varies by location; some places barely get any whilst others turn into Silent Hill for weeks on end. Already shorter winter days can be shortened by hours as the light is swallowed. The plus side is that above the fog you get super clear views, but it gets depressing after days of daily life sat inside it.
  • The country is much livelier than I expected. The stereotype of a grey serious place might have been true decades ago but certainly isn’t now. Especially in summer there are constant music festivals, lively bars, and flotillas of people floating down the rivers in inflatable flamingos. Granted it still isn’t Latin America.
  • I was not prepared for Swiss-German, my then basic German knowledge didn’t stand a chance. I have been working on this and managed to put together as comprehensive collection of resources as you are likely to find anywhere for Swiss-German.
  • The Swiss love to shake hands. For me they are something for the first time you meet someone, or maybe for professional acquaintances you see infrequently. Not for everyone in your group of friends at the start and end of the evening. Kids shaking hands with the teacher everyday is still a strange concept to me.
  • The Swiss see summer as BBQ season in a way that makes the Aussies look like amateurs. I have seen people lighting up fires on tiny balconies in Zürich to BBQ on.
  • How much there is outside of the Alps. Maybe it was my ignorance before, but I was surprised by how many beautiful spots there are even in the topographically boring parts of the country.
---My Swiss Achievements---
  • Aromat on the table.
  • Making a fire in the countryside to roast a cervelat.
  • Phoned the police to lodge a nose complaint (the Bünzli award). It was 2am on a weekday and the 5th night in a row. I haven’t started to phone the police because my neighbour sneezed too loudly on a Sunday (yet).
  • Raclette grill and Fondue caquelon in the kitchen.
  • Waking up at 3am for the Morgestraich in Basel and tolerating other parts of Fasnacht like bands outside my window at 2am on a Tuesday morning.
  • Swimming and floating in lakes and rivers during the summer.
  • Visiting more places in Switzerland than most Swiss people I know. A new country is always more interesting than your own backyard in fairness.
---Why I am still here---
I certainly never thought I would be here 5 years later, but I am very happy to still be around.
  • It is a beautiful and safe county with nice people, high quality services and infrastructure. Having put in the effort to understand the culture and learnt the language is an incentive too.
  • I keep finding work. The Swiss level income is a nice bonus, but it really isn’t the thing that is driving me to stay here. I am not very career driven, so long as I have enough money to enjoy myself and find the work interesting enough I am happy.
  • The thing I would find hardest to give up is the freedom of the landscape. The extent of paths and smaller roads around the country that are open to anyone. Making it so easy and carefree to get out and anywhere, especially by foot or bike.
  • It is much more varied than you would expect. Both in landscape and culture there is plenty of different things to see and take in so there is always something interesting to do.
  • I also dislike driving, so the extensive public transport system is fantastic.
  • The self-service machines in Supermarkets are actually used in addition to normal checkouts rather than a replacement. And they actually trust you and don’t weigh your goods and shout at you if anything is 1g out of place. It might sound like a strange point to be so happy about, but compared to the UK shopping experience these days it is so nice.
---What I dislike---
Not much.
  • Less smokers and more Australian like rules on smoking would be very nice (EG no smoking in areas where people are eating, including outdoors). It would be nice to sit down on a terrace at a restaurant and not worry if a chain smoker is going to sit down at the table next to you.
  • I still have problems picking the right coin out of a pile of change. Why half of them have to be so similar is beyond me.
  • More exotic food and longer shop opening times would be nice (seeing the supermarkets closed at 18:30 was a hell of a shock at first) but I have gotten used to that.
  • Jobs are mostly advertised without a salary, which you then discuss in the interview. For me at least this is rather awkward.
---Regrets---
  • Not getting a language certificate earlier.
  • Not joining a social club. I have looked but really nothing has taken my fancy.
---Changes with time---
  • I have gotten too used to the landscape. I still admire the view from the train window, but it is never as special or exciting as during the first few months.
  • My town has seen a dramatic increase in English speakers. Mostly due to the growth/arrival of a few big MedTech firms.
  • E-bikes are increasingly everywhere. I had never seen one before I arrived and was surprised to see them all over town back in 2015. Now they are all over the countryside too with mountain E-bikes being very common in places that were previously only the domain of the most hardcore riders.
  • The climate seems to be getting warmer and drier every year. The amount of snow in the flat land isn’t that different to the UK these days.
  • The amount of rubbish and anti-social noise (especially blue-tooth speakers) seems to be getting worse. People seem especially unable to bother carrying their empty cans and disposable BBQ with them from the riverside during summer. The increasing number of people (not even just teenagers) who need an absurdly loud speaker at all times is sad, thankfully it isn’t common in the countryside (yet).
submitted by travel_ali to ali_on_switzerland [link] [comments]


2020.09.27 03:13 _ArthurDallas_ Anchorpoint Station Design


ANCHORPOINT STATION
THE SECOND SPACE STATION TO BEAR THE NAME, THE MASSIVE ANCHORPOINT STATION (ICC REGISTRATION: 1698445) IS YOUR CROSSROADS TO THE FRONTIER. LOCATED IN UNCLAIMED SPACE A FEW SCANT PARSECS FROM UAAC BASE LIBERTY ECHO, ANCHORPOINT IS A CONVENIENT PLACE TO PICK UP SUPPLIES, GET SOME GRUB, REFUEL, MAKE REPAIRS IN DRYDOCK (IN A STRUCTURE ASIDE FROM THE MAIN STATION), AND PICK UP MIGRANT CREW AND WORKERS FOR YOUR NEXT JOB. LOCATION IS EVERYTHING, AND ANCHORPOINT IS POSITIONED PERFECTLY TO SERVICE THE SOUTHERN OUTER RIM AND THE FAR REACH, PROVIDING AN ALTERNATE ROUTE FROM THE SOLOMONS TO CIVILIZED SPACE.
ANCHORPOINT IS CONSIDERED NEUTRAL TERRITORY AND IS GOVERNED BY ICSC (THE INDEPENDENT CORE SYSTEM COLONIES), VESSELS FORM ANY AND ALL GOVERNMENTS AND CORPORATIONS ARE WELCOME HERE. THE ICC AND COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION OFTEN SEND REPRESENTATIVES TO NEGOTIATE INTERCOLONIAL DISPUTES. THE UA OPERATES A COLONIAL MARSHAL BUREAU ABOARD, AND A SMALL CONTINGENT OF COLONIAL MARINES IS STATIONED IN THE GARRISON OFFICE IN THE CENTRAL CORE HUB.
THE STATION HAS A SMALL PERMANENT POPULATION, BUT CAN EASILY HOUSE OVER 3000 TRANSIENT WORKERS OR COLONISTS. ANCHORPOINT IS COMPOSED OF FOUR REFINERY MODULES SITUATED AROUND A CENTRAL CORE HUB. THREE OF THE MODULES HAVE BEEN CONVERTED TO HABITABLE SPACE SIMILAR TO SEEGSON COMPANY'S FORMER SEVASTOPOL STATION, WHILE THE FOURTH IS A FUNCTIONING REFINERY FOR PROCESSING ORES AND GASES BOUND FOR THE FRONTIER COLONIES. WITH CONCOURSES LAID OUT SIMILAR TO A TERRESTRIAL SPACEPORT, THE STATION IS KNOWN FOR ITS DIVE BARS, OPEN MALL AREAS, SERVICE ANDROIDS, AND INEXPENSIVE ENTERTAINMENT.
WHAT'S THE STORY, MOTHER?
WHILE ONLY THREE YEARS OLD (YEAR IS 2183), THE NEWEST INCARNATION OF ANCHORPOINT IS THE MOST SUCCESSFUL SPACE STATION PROJECT OUTSIDE OF SOL SYSTEM. THE ORIGINAL ANCHORPOINT WAS A COLONIAL REFUELING HUB/SCIENCE STATION SITUATED IN THE NEROID SECTOR, CLOSE TO UPP SPACE. IN 2179 SHE SUFFERED A CATASTROPHIC REACTOR FAILURE, FOR REASONS UNKNOWN. COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION AND THE ICC COMMISSIONED THE INDEPENDENT CORE SYSTEM COLONIES TO BUILD A NEW ONE, PLACING IT FURTHER OUT ON THE FRONTIER TO FACILITATE THE COLONIZATION BOOM. THE STATION WAS BUILT WITH THE GROUPING OF 5 EXISTING NOVGOROD-TYPE STATIONS IN ORDER TO SHORTEN THE MANUFACTURING TIME, THEN ADDING SOME MODULES.
A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME
THE A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME CAN BE ACCESSED FROM ONE OF DOZENS OF PUBLIC TERMINALS SCATTERED AROUND THE STATION. THESE TERMINALS ARE WALL-UNITS, WITH A SCREEN AND MANUAL KEYBOARD, EACH REQUIRING AN ID CARD TO BE SLOTTED IN BEFORE COMING ONLINE. THEY PROVIDE ACCESS TO THE A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME, AN IN-STATION DATA AND ELECTRONIC MESSAGING SYSTEM, USED AS A LIBRARY, DATA-LOG AND ADMINISTRATION AND ACCOUNTING SYSTEM. THE TERMINALS ARE ALSO VIDEO PHONES, ACTIVATED BY LIFTING THE TELEPHONE-STYLE RECEIVER AND DIALING WITH THE KEYPAD. THE IMAGE OF THE OTHER CALLER APPEARS ON THE SCREEN.
EACH OF THE 4 TOWERS AND THE CENTRAL CORE HUB WORKS WITH AN INDEPENDENT A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME FOR MAIN OPERATIONS AND THEY ARE NOT LINKED, EXCEPT FOR COMMUNICATIONS NEEDS. THERE IS A RUMOR THAT TOWER 2 (WEYLAND-YUTANI) HAS DISCONNECTED THE A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME TO INSTALL A MU/TH/UR 6000 MAINFRAME BECAUSE THEY DIDN'T TRUST THE SYSTEM.
ANCHORPOINT TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS
HEIGHT: 300 METERS
WIDTH: 300 METERS
ENGINE POWER: 15.5 GIGAWATT (FUSION POWER PLANT)
DECKS: 16 IN EACH OF 4 TOWERS AND CENTRAL CORE HUB
DATE CONSTRUCTED: OPERATIONAL AS FOR 2180 (BASED ON GROUPING 5 NOVGOROD-TYPE STATIONS IN ORDER TO SHORTEN THE MANUFACTURING TIME)
MANUFACTURER: LORENZ SYSTECH DEVELOPMENT (PROBABLY)
AFFILIATION: ICSC (MANDATED BY ICC AND COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION)
TYPE: HABITAT, PORT, REFUEL AND TRANSIT STATION
LOCATION: GILESE 2066 SYSTEM
REG.: 1698445
PERSONNEL: 961 STAFF AND 129 MARINES
HAB CAPACITY: OVER 3000 TRANSIENT WORKERS OR COLONISTS
CONCOURSE INN CAPACITY: 80 ROOMS
G-DECK PERSONNEL CABINS: 270 CABINS WITH DOUBLE BUNK BED
CARGO: 27,300 CUBIC METERS
STATION COST: $240 000 000
HAB RENT COST (WEEKLY)
CABIN: $50
INN ROOM: $150
CORPORATE SUITE: $1000
OVERVIEW
ANCHORPOINT STATION RETAINS THE "TAPERING SPIRE" DESIGN OF ITS MUCH LARGER BRETHREN. EACH TOWER HAS A WIDE, CIRCULAR ENGINEERING BASE (A-DECK-TYPE), UPON WHICH ARE STACKED 15 INCREASINGLY SMALLER CIRCULAR DECKS, FOR A TOTAL OF 16 DECKS PER TOWER OR THE CORE HUB.
RUNNING THROUGH THE CENTER OF ALL DECKS IS THE TRANSIT TUNNEL, WHICH HOUSES TWO PASSENGER ELEVATORS, EMERGENCY STAIRS AND A RESTROOM, AS WELL AS AIR CIRCULATION & ELECTRICAL CONDUITS AND SERVICE PIPES RUNNING BETWEEN DECKS.
ID CARDS
ALL DECKS WILL NEED A SPECIAL CLEARANCE ID CARD TO OPEN. ID CARDS ARE SLOTTED INTO THE ELEVATOR CONTROLS TO OPEN THE DOORS TO DECKS. ID CARDS WILL ONLY WORK FOR A SPECIFIC TOWER, SO ID CARDS FOR TOWER 1 WILL NOT WORK FOR TOWER 2 OR MORE. BLUE ID CARDS WILL OPEN C-DECK-TYPE AND G-DECK-TYPE. YELLOW ID CARDS WILL OPEN C-DECK-TYPE, E-DECK-TYPE AND G-DECK-TYPE AND ARE FOR STARPORT, SECURITY AND SERVICE PERSONNEL. GREEN ID CARDS WILL OPEN B-DECK-TYPE, C-DECK-TYPE, E-DECK-TYPE, F-DECK-TYPE AND G-DECK-TYPE AND ARE FOR CARGO PERSONNEL. ORANGE ID CARDS WILL OPEN C-DECK-TYPE, E-DECK-TYPE, F-DECK-TYPE, G-DECK-TYPE, I-DECK-TYPE AND J-DECK-TYPE AND ARE FOR SCIENTISTS AND CORPORATE PERSONNEL. RED ID CARDS WILL OPEN ALL DECKS AND ARE FOR OPS, TECHNICIANS, MEDICS, MARSHALS AND MILITARY PERSONNEL. BLACK ID CARDS WILL OPEN ALL DECKS AND ALSO THE LUXURY PENTHOUSE SUITE ON THE J-DECK AND ARE FOR CEO AND VERY SPECIAL GUESTS.
SHIFTS ROTATION FOR PERSONNEL
THE STATION WORKS ON A 4 SHIFTS ROTATION WITH ALL PERMANENT PERSONNEL. DAY SHIFT WORKS FROM 0800H TO 1600H. EVENING SHIFT WORKS FROM 1600H TO 2400H. NIGHT SHIFT WORKS FROM 2400H TO 0800H AND A SHORE-LEAVE SHIFT ALWAYS HAS A 8 HOURS FREE TIME. ALL PERMANENT PERSONNEL GOES WITH A DAY SHIFT, THEN A EVENING SHIFT, THEN A NIGHT SHIFT AND THEN A SHORE-LEAVE SHIFT (FREE TIME) IN THE ROTATION AND STARTS AGAIN THE NEXT ROTATION.
TOWER 1
THE REFINERY
THE 16 DECKS OF TOWER 1 THE REFINERY ARE, FROM TOP TO BOTTOM:
J-DECK-TYPE COMMS PLATFORM: CONTAINS THE COMMUNICATIONS AND SENSOR EQUIPMENTS, AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER AND A LUXURY PENTHOUSE SUITE. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
I-DECK-TYPE CORPORATE DECK: LABORATORIES AND OFFICES RENTED BY LORENZ SYSTECH.
G-DECK-TYPE OPS LEVEL: CONTAINS THE MAIN OPERATIONS CENTER AS WELL AS STANDARD GUESTS AND CREW CABINS AND A RESTAURANT FOR GUESTS AND CREW. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND A THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS.
F-DECK-TYPE SHUTTLE DECK: CONTAINS THE SHUTTLE BAY, FUEL PROCESSOR AND TOWER CEO OFFICE.
8X D-DECK-TYPE (SPECIAL) FUEL TANKS DECK: INCLUDES FUEL TANKS AND PROCESSORS.
D-DECK-TYPE LIFE SUPPORT DECK: INCLUDES A GARDEN, WATER TANKS AND FULL AIR AND WATER RECYCLING FACILITIES.
C-DECK-TYPE MAIN CONCOURSE: INCLUDES MARKETS, A RESTAURANT, AN INN, A SPACEPORT, A SMALL MEDICAL CLINIC, THE CONCOURSE AND A TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN GOING TO THE CENTRAL CORE HUB (30 METERS IS A 2 MINUTES RIDE AT 90 KM/H). THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
B-DECK-TYPE CARGO DECK: CONTAINS THE CARGO BAYS, WITH FREIGHT ELEVATORS GOING TO THE MAIN CONCOURSE, A COLONIAL MARSHAL'S OFFICE FOR THE TOWER, AS WELL AS TECHNICAL WORKSHOPS. THE MAIN CARGO BAY CAN SERVE AS A SECOND SHUTTLE HANGAR.
A-DECK-TYPE ENGINEERING PLATFORM: CONTAINS THE FUSION REACTOR FOR THE TOWER, COOLANT AND FUEL.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
INTERIOR DETAILS
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
A-DECK-TYPE - ENGINEERING PLATFORM
PLATFORM: AN OPEN PLAN DECK, GIVING ACCESS TO FUSION REACTOR AND ITS OPERATING MACHINERY. THERE ARE TWO CONTROL STATIONS CLOSE TO THE LIQUID HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS. TWO COOLANT TANKS BEHIND THE REACTOR HOLD LIQUID POTASSIUM. THERE ARE NO PERSONNEL HERE AT THIS MOMENT. OPERATIONS CENTER (ON G DECK) IS MONITORING THE FUSION REACTOR AT ALL TIME.
FUEL TANKS: REFINED LIQUID HYDROGEN IS STORED HERE, USED BY THE SHUTTLE AS WELL AS FORKLIFTS, LOADERS AND VISITING SHUTTLES. THIS TOWER HAS THE CAPACITY TO REFUEL AN INTERSTELLAR FREIGHTER.
FUSION REACTOR: A 3.1 GIGAWATT FUSION POWER PLANT OPERATING ON A DEUTERIUM/TRILIUM REACTION THAT SUPPLIES POWER TO THE TOWER.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
B-DECK-TYPE - CARGO DECK
CARGO BAY: 4 CARGO BAYS, SERVING AS A SUPPLY STORE FOR THE TOWER. PALLETS AND CARGO CONTAINERS ARE BROUGHT UP FROM THE STARPORT VIA TWO FREIGHT ELEVATORS, AND MANEUVERED INTO PLACE BY A COUPLE OF POWER LOADERS AND FORKLIFTS. 2 CARGO HANDLERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT IN THE LOADERS OFFICE. THE MAIN CARGO BAY CAN SERVE AS A SECOND SHUTTLE HANGAR (VISITING STARCUB SHUTTLE), IT HAS A LARGE SERVICE HATCH.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING AN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
COLONIAL MARSHAL'S OFFICE: THE MARSHAL AND HIS DEPUTY HAVE AN OFFICE HERE, AS WELL AS AN INTERVIEW ROOM, WELL-STOCKED ARMORY AND FOUR HOLDING CELLS. 2 OFFICERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
WORKSHOP: TECHNICAL AREA WITH LATHES, TESTING BENCHES, RACKS OF SPARES AND EQUIPMENT. 2 TECHNICIANS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
C-DECK-TYPE - MAIN CONCOURSE
PASSENGERS ARE NOT ALLOWED OFF THE C DECK, THE MAIN CONCOURSE DECK (EXCEPT TAKING THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN TO CENTRAL CORE HUB), AND THE ELEVETORS WILL NOT OPERATE FOR THEM UNLESS THEY HAVE AN ID CARD.
SPACEPORT LOBBY: AN OPEN AREA WITH CHECK-IN DESKS, AN INFORMATION POINT AND SEATING. 2 STARPORT PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
SPACEPORT TRANSFER GATE: TWO ARRIVAL/DEPARTURE GATES AND LOUNGES SIT BEYOND THE SECURITY DESK OFFICE. 2 STARPORT SECURITY OFFICERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
SECURITY STATION (VIEW STATION AND OFFICE): SECURITY MONITORING DESK AND OFFICE, 1 STARPORT SECURITY OFFICERS IS HERE EACH SHIFT TO SCREEN PASSENGERS.
CARGO HANDLING MODULE: A CARGO AIRLOCK USED FOR MOVING FREIGHT TO AND FROM DOCKED STARSHIPS. THE MODULE IS CONNECTED TO CARGO BAYS ON B DECK VIA FREIGHT ELEVATOR (2 CARGO HANDLERS ARE COMING TO MOVE FREIGHT).
MEDICAL STARPORT CLINIC: A SMALL CLINIC WITH 2 BEDS, PHARMACY AND CONSULTING ROOM. 1 STATION MEDIC IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
CONCOURSE AND THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN: THE HEART OF THE TOWER IS A WIDE-OPEN WALKWAY WITH LARGE WINDOWS LOOKING INTO SPACE, SPACIOUS PLAZA, WITH SEATING AREAS AND VIDEO SCREENS, LINED WITH A SECURITY OFFICE, A SMALL MEDICAL CLINIC, A GYM, 2 MARKETS, RESTROOMS, A INN AND A RESTAURANT. OPPOSITE THE STARPORT IS THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN GOING AND COMING FROM THE CENTRAL CORE HUB (30 METERS IS A 2 MINUTES RIDE AT 90 KM/H). TRANSPORTATION IS FREE AND AUTOMATED. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
GYM: SMALL GYM USED MAINLY BY STATION PERSONNEL.
MARKET: 2 MARKETS PROVIDING ESSENTIALS AND LUXURIES FOR TOWER PERSONNEL AS WELL AS TRANSITING PASSENGERS (CLOTHING, ELECTRONICS, TOOLS, FOOD, JEWELRY, SHOES AND MANY OTHER ITEMS). 1 SERVICE PERSONNEL IN EACH STORES EACH SHIFT.
RESTAURANT: THE RESTAURANT IS A BAR AND GRILL. 2 SERVICE PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
CONCOURSE INN: 20 ROOMS INN USED BY VISITORS OR TRANSITING PASSENGERS. A LAUNDRY ROOM, OFFICE AND RECEPTION DESK IS INCLUDED. 1 SERVICE PERSONNEL IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
D-DECK-TYPE - LIFE SUPPORT DECK
GARDEN: A HYDROPONIC GARDEN, SEPARATED FROM THE REST OF THE DECK BY LARGE CLEAR WINDOWS. IT IS USED NOT FOR ENJOYMENT OR AGRICULTURE, BUT AS A SUPPLEMENTARY OXYGEN AND WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM.
WATER TANKS: DRINKING WATER IS STORED HERE.
LIFE SUPPORT BAY: SEWAGE IS TREATED AND RECYCLED INTO WATER, USED WATER IS RECYCLED AND AIR IS SCRUBBED AND RECIRCULATED FROM HERE. 1 TECHNICIAN IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
8X D-DECK-TYPE - FUEL TANKS (SPECIAL) DECK
FUEL TANKS AND FUEL PROCESSORS: MANY FUEL TANKS AND FUEL PROCESSORS ARE HERE. THERE ARE NO PERSONNEL HERE AT THIS MOMENT.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
F-DECK-TYPE - SHUTTLE DECK
SHUTTLE HANGAR: HOUSES A STARCUB SHUTTLE, WITH SPACE ADJACENT FOR MAINTENANCE WORKSHOP AND FLIGHT OFFICE. PILOTS ARE OPERATIONS PERSONNEL IN G DECK WHEN THEY ARE NEEDED. 1 TECHNICIAN IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
FLUEL PROCESSOR: PUMPS FOR TRANSFERRING LIQUID HYDROGEN FUEL FROM A TANKER AND PROCESSORS FOR REFINING IT.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING AN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
OFFICE (ACCESS TO OPERATIONS CENTER): ADMIN CEO OFFICE WITH SPIRAL STAIRS GOING UP TO AN OPEN-PLAN NERVE CENTER AND COMMAND POST FOR THE TOWER, SET OUT LIKE THE CLUTTERED BRIDGE OF A STARSHIP.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
G-DECK-TYPE - OPS LEVEL
OPERATIONS CENTER: OPEN-PLAN NERVE CENTER AND COMMAND POSTE FOR THE TOWER, SET OUT LIKE THE CLUTTERED BRIDGE OF A STARSHIP. AROUND 5 OPERATIONS PERSONNEL (AND 1 CEO FROM 0800H TO 1600H) ARE HERE EACH SHIFT. OPERATIONS CENTER IS MONITORING THE FUSION REACTOR AT ALL TIME. SPIRAL STAIRS LEAD DOWN TO ADMIN CEO OFFICE, ALLOWING STAFF TO MOVE EASILY BETWEEN THE TWO DECKS. ALL OPERATIONS PERSONNEL ARE CERTIFIED SHUTTLE PILOTS.
A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME FOR THE TOWER: THE A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME SERVERS ARE LOCATED HERE FOR THIS TOWER, ADJACENT TO THE OPERATIONS CENTER. THE ROOM INCLUDES A DIRECT ACCESS AND PROGRAMMING TERMINAL.
CREW CABINS: BASIC CREW CABINS LIKE THE ONES ON E DECK. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS. EACH LEVEL HAS 18 CABINS FOR A TOTAL OF 54 CABINS.
RESTAURANT: A MORE EXCLUSIVE FACILITY FOR PERSONNEL AND GUESTS. 2 SERVICE PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
I-DECK-TYPE - CORPORATE DECK
2 CORPORATE OFFICES, 2 CONFERENCE ROOMS AND 2 LABORATORIES: LORENZ SYSTECH DEVELOPMENT HAS A BRENCH HERE SPECIALIZED IN DEEP SPACE CONSTRUCTION. MULTI-FUNCTION LAB, GENEROUSLY FURNISHED WITH EQUIPMENT. 2 CORPORATE PERSONNEL OR SCIENTISTS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 1 THE REFINERY
J-DECK-TYPE - COMMS PLATFORM AND PENTHOUSE
CORPORATE PENTHOUSE: A LUXURY SUITE WHICH STORED A HOLOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND SCREEN (LIKE IN THE PROMETHEUS LIFEBOAT), A LIVING ROOM WITH A SMALL BAR AND A PIANO, A DINING ROOM, AN ARMORY AND MED SUPPLIES, 3 BEDROOMS, 2 BATHROOMS AS WELL AS A PAULING MEDPOD (MEDICAL AID PLUS 10). THIS ROOM NEEDS THE BLACK ID CARD TO BE OPEN.
(OPTION) YOU CAN CONVERT THE CORPORATE PENTHOUSE INTO A FTL LIFEBOAT FOR A SECURE DETACHMENT FROM THE STATION. THIS EMERGENCY SUSTAINING MODULE HAS INDEPENDENT NAVIGATION AND PILOTING CONTROLS. SYSTEM ALLOWS ONE OCCUPANT FOR 50 YEARS OF BREATHABLE AIR WITH OR WITHOUT HYPERSLEEP POD.
AVIONICS: SENSOR EQUIPMENT AND COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRONICS BAYS. THERE ARE NO STAFF HERE.
EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER: A BACK-UP OPS CENTER FOR THE TOWER, USUALLY LOCKED AND DISUSED.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO THE EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING EN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
WEYLAND-YUTANI (TOWER 2), LASALLE BIONATIONAL (TOWER 3)
AND SEEGSON (TOWER 4)
THE 16 DECKS OF TOWER 2,3 AND 4 ARE, FROM TOP TO BOTTOM:
J-DECK-TYPE COMMS PLATFORM: CONTAINS THE COMMUNICATIONS AND SENSOR EQUIPMENTS, AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER AND A LUXURY PENTHOUSE SUITE. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
I-DECK-TYPE CORPORATE DECK: LABORATORIES AND OFFICES RENTED BY WEYLAND-YUTANI (TOWER 2), LASALLE BIONATIONAL (TOWER 3) AND SEEGSON (TOWER 4).
G-DECK-TYPE OPS LEVEL: CONTAINS THE MAIN OPERATIONS CENTER AS WELL AS STANDARD GUESTS AND CREW CABINS AND A RESTAURANT. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND A THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS.
F-DECK-TYPE SHUTTLE DECK: CONTAINS THE SHUTTLE BAY, FUEL PROCESSOR AND TOWER CEO OFFICE.
8x E-DECK-TYPE HAB BLOCK: CONTAINS STANDARD CABINS, A MARKET, A RESTAURANT BAR AND GRILL AND A MEDICAL CENTER FOR THIS LEVEL. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND A THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS.
D-DECK-TYPE LIFE SUPPORT DECK: INCLUDES A GARDEN, WATER TANKS AND FULL AIR AND WATER RECYCLING FACILITIES.
C-DECK-TYPE MAIN CONCOURSE: INCLUDES MARKETS, A RESTAURANT, AN INN, A SPACEPORT, A SMALL MEDICAL CLINIC, THE CONCOURSE AND A TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN GOING TO THE CENTRAL CORE HUB (30 METERS IS A 2 MINUTES RIDE AT 90 KM/H). THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
B-DECK-TYPE CARGO DECK: CONTAINS THE CARGO BAYS, WITH FREIGHT ELEVATORS GOING TO THE MAIN CONCOURSE, A COLONIAL MARSHAL'S OFFICE FOR THE TOWER, AS WELL AS TECHNICAL WORKSHOPS. THE MAIN CARGO BAY CAN SERVE AS A SECOND SHUTTLE HANGAR.
A-DECK-TYPE ENGINEERING PLATFORM: CONTAINS THE FUSION REACTOR FOR THE TOWER, COOLANT AND FUEL.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
INTERIOR DETAILS
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
A-DECK-TYPE - ENGINEERING PLATFORM
PLATFORM: AN OPEN PLAN DECK, GIVING ACCESS TO FUSION REACTOR AND ITS OPERATING MACHINERY. THERE ARE TWO CONTROL STATIONS CLOSE TO THE LIQUID HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS. TWO COOLANT TANKS BEHIND THE REACTOR HOLD LIQUID POTASSIUM. THERE ARE NO PERSONNEL HERE AT THIS MOMENT. OPERATIONS CENTER (ON G DECK) IS MONITORING THE FUSION REACTOR AT ALL TIME.
FUEL TANKS: REFINED LIQUID HYDROGEN IS STORED HERE, USED BY THE SHUTTLE AS WELL AS FORKLIFTS, LOADERS AND VISITING SHUTTLES.
FUSION REACTOR: A 3.1 GIGAWATT FUSION POWER PLANT OPERATING ON A DEUTERIUM/TRILIUM REACTION THAT SUPPLIES POWER TO THE TOWER.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
B-DECK-TYPE - CARGO DECK
CARGO BAY: 4 CARGO BAYS, SERVING AS A SUPPLY STORE FOR THE TOWER. PALLETS AND CARGO CONTAINERS ARE BROUGHT UP FROM THE STARPORT VIA TWO FREIGHT ELEVATORS, AND MANEUVERED INTO PLACE BY A COUPLE OF POWER LOADERS AND FORKLIFTS. 2 CARGO HANDLERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT IN THE LOADERS OFFICE. THE MAIN CARGO BAY CAN SERVE AS A SECOND SHUTTLE HANGAR (VISITING STARCUB SHUTTLE), IT HAS A LARGE SERVICE HATCH.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING AN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
COLONIAL MARSHAL'S OFFICE: THE MARSHAL AND HIS DEPUTY HAVE AN OFFICE HERE, AS WELL AS AN INTERVIEW ROOM, WELL-STOCKED ARMORY AND FOUR HOLDING CELLS. 2 OFFICERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
WORKSHOP: TECHNICAL AREA WITH LATHES, TESTING BENCHES, RACKS OF SPARES AND EQUIPMENT. 2 TECHNICIANS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
C-DECK-TYPE - MAIN CONCOURSE
PASSENGERS ARE NOT ALLOWED OFF THE C DECK, THE MAIN CONCOURSE DECK (EXCEPT TAKING THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN TO CENTRAL CORE HUB), AND THE ELEVETORS WILL NOT OPERATE FOR THEM UNLESS THEY HAVE AN ID CARD.
SPACEPORT LOBBY: AN OPEN AREA WITH CHECK-IN DESKS, AN INFORMATION POINT AND SEATING. 2 STARPORT PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
SPACEPORT TRANSFER GATE: TWO ARRIVAL/DEPARTURE GATES AND LOUNGES SIT BEYOND THE SECURITY DESK OFFICE. 2 STARPORT SECURITY OFFICERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
SECURITY STATION (VIEW STATION AND OFFICE): SECURITY MONITORING DESK AND OFFICE, 1 STARPORT SECURITY OFFICERS IS HERE EACH SHIFT TO SCREEN PASSENGERS.
CARGO HANDLING MODULE: A CARGO AIRLOCK USED FOR MOVING FREIGHT TO AND FROM DOCKED STARSHIPS. THE MODULE IS CONNECTED TO CARGO BAYS ON B DECK VIA FREIGHT ELEVATOR (2 CARGO HANDLERS ARE COMING TO MOVE FREIGHT).
MEDICAL STARPORT CLINIC: A SMALL CLINIC WITH 2 BEDS, PHARMACY AND CONSULTING ROOM. 1 STATION MEDIC IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
CONCOURSE AND THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN: THE HEART OF THE TOWER IS A WIDE-OPEN WALKWAY WITH LARGE WINDOWS LOOKING INTO SPACE, SPACIOUS PLAZA, WITH SEATING AREAS AND VIDEO SCREENS, LINED WITH A SECURITY OFFICE, A SMALL MEDICAL CLINIC, A GYM, 2 MARKETS, RESTROOMS, A INN AND A RESTAURANT. OPPOSITE THE STARPORT IS THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN GOING AND COMING FROM THE CENTRAL CORE HUB (30 METERS IS A 2 MINUTES RIDE AT 90 KM/H). TRANSPORTATION IS FREE AND AUTOMATED. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
GYM: SMALL GYM USED MAINLY BY STATION PERSONNEL.
MARKET: 2 MARKETS PROVIDING ESSENTIALS AND LUXURIES FOR TOWER PERSONNEL AS WELL AS TRANSITING PASSENGERS (CLOTHING, ELECTRONICS, TOOLS, FOOD, JEWELRY, SHOES AND MANY OTHER ITEMS). 1 SERVICE PERSONNEL IN EACH STORES EACH SHIFT.
RESTAURANT: THE RESTAURANT IS A BAR AND GRILL. 2 SERVICE PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
CONCOURSE INN: 20 ROOMS INN USED BY VISITORS OR TRANSITING PASSENGERS. A LAUNDRY ROOM, OFFICE AND RECEPTION DESK IS INCLUDED. 1 SERVICE PERSONNEL IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
D-DECK-TYPE - LIFE SUPPORT DECK
GARDEN: A HYDROPONIC GARDEN, SEPARATED FROM THE REST OF THE DECK BY LARGE CLEAR WINDOWS. IT IS USED NOT FOR ENJOYMENT OR AGRICULTURE, BUT AS A SUPPLEMENTARY OXYGEN AND WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM.
WATER TANKS: DRINKING WATER IS STORED HERE.
LIFE SUPPORT BAY: SEWAGE IS TREATED AND RECYCLED INTO WATER, USED WATER IS RECYCLED AND AIR IS SCRUBBED AND RECIRCULATED FROM HERE. 1 TECHNICIAN IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
8X E-DECK-TYPE - HAB BLOCK
CREW CABINS: BASIC CREW CABINS, EACH WITH BED, TOILET, SHOWER, VIDEO-PHONE, DESK AND STORAGE UNITS. A STANDARD TERMINAL GIVES ACCESS TO THE A.P.O.L.L.O. NETWORK, INCLUDING VARIOUS PRE-RECORDED ENTERTAINMENT CHANNELS. A KITCHENETTE ALLOWS SIMPLE MEALS TO BE PREPARED. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND THIRD LEVEL OF CREW CABINS. EACH LEVEL HAS 43 CABINS FOR A TOTAL OF 129 CABINS.
MARKET: THERE ARE NO STAFF HERE, ONLY HIGH TECH BIG VENDING MACHINES WORKING WITH ID CARDS FOR CLOTHING, FOOD, SHOES AND MANY OTHER ITEMS.
LAUDRY: WASHING AND DRYING MACHINES WORKING WITH ID CARDS.
LEVEL MEDICAL CENTER: MEDICAL CENTER WITH FOUR BEDS, AN OPERATING ROOM, PHARMACY AND CONSULTING ROOM. 2 STATION MEDIC ARE HERE EACH SHIFT IN ANY OF 8 DECKS.
RESTAURANT: HAB BLOCK BAR AND GRILL FOR THIS LEVEL. 2 SERVICES PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT IN ANY OF 8 DECKS.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
F-DECK-TYPE - SHUTTLE DECK
SHUTTLE HANGAR: HOUSES A STARCUB SHUTTLE, WITH SPACE ADJACENT FOR MAINTENANCE WORKSHOP AND FLIGHT OFFICE. PILOTS ARE OPERATIONS PERSONNEL IN G DECK WHEN THEY ARE NEEDED. 1 TECHNICIAN IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
FLUEL PROCESSOR: PUMPS FOR TRANSFERRING LIQUID HYDROGEN FUEL FROM A TANKER AND PROCESSORS FOR REFINING IT.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING AN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
OFFICE (ACCESS TO OPERATIONS CENTER): ADMIN CEO OFFICE WITH SPIRAL STAIRS GOING UP TO AN OPEN-PLAN NERVE CENTER AND COMMAND POST FOR THE TOWER, SET OUT LIKE THE CLUTTERED BRIDGE OF A STARSHIP.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
G-DECK-TYPE - OPS LEVEL
OPERATIONS CENTER: OPEN-PLAN NERVE CENTER AND COMMAND POSTE FOR THE TOWER, SET OUT LIKE THE CLUTTERED BRIDGE OF A STARSHIP. AROUND 5 OPERATIONS PERSONNEL (AND 1 CEO FROM 0800H TO 1600H) ARE HERE EACH SHIFT. OPERATIONS CENTER IS MONITORING THE FUSION REACTOR AT ALL TIME. SPIRAL STAIRS LEAD DOWN TO ADMIN CEO OFFICE, ALLOWING STAFF TO MOVE EASILY BETWEEN THE TWO DECKS. ALL OPERATIONS PERSONNEL ARE CERTIFIED SHUTTLE PILOTS.
A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME FOR THE TOWER: THE A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME SERVERS ARE LOCATED HERE FOR THIS TOWER, ADJACENT TO THE OPERATIONS CENTER. THE ROOM INCLUDES A DIRECT ACCESS AND PROGRAMMING TERMINAL.
CREW CABINS: BASIC CREW CABINS LIKE THE ONES ON E DECK. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS. EACH LEVEL HAS 18 CABINS FOR A TOTAL OF 54 CABINS.
RESTAURANT: A MORE EXCLUSIVE FACILITY FOR PERSONNEL AND GUESTS. 2 SERVICE PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
I-DECK-TYPE - CORPORATE DECK
2 CORPORATE OFFICES, 2 CONFERENCE ROOMS AND 2 LABORATORIES: TOWER 2 IS RENTED BY WEYLAND-YUTANI, TOWER 3 IS RENTED BY LASALLE BIONATIONAL AND TOWER 4 RENTED BY IS SEEGSON. ALL OF THEM ARE RIVALS FOCUSING ON COLONIZATION, HIGH-END SYNTHETICS AND WEAPONS R&D, BUT ANCHORPOINT IS CONSIDERED NEUTRAL TERRITORY. THIS LEVEL HAS MULTI-FUNCTION LAB, GENEROUSLY FURNISHED WITH EQUIPMENT. 2 CORPORATE PERSONNEL OR SCIENTISTS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
THERE IS A RUMOR THAT TOWER 2 (WEYLAND-YUTANI) HAS DISCONNECTED THE A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME TO INSTALL A MU/TH/UR 6000 MAINFRAME BECAUSE THEY DIDN'T TRUST THE SYSTEM.
TOWER 2,3 AND 4
J-DECK-TYPE - COMMS PLATFORM AND PENTHOUSE
CORPORATE PENTHOUSE: A LUXURY SUITE WHICH STORED A HOLOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND SCREEN (LIKE IN THE PROMETHEUS LIFEBOAT), A LIVING ROOM WITH A SMALL BAR AND A PIANO, A DINING ROOM, AN ARMORY AND MED SUPPLIES, 3 BEDROOMS, 2 BATHROOMS AS WELL AS A PAULING MEDPOD (MEDICAL AID PLUS 10). THIS ROOM NEEDS THE BLACK ID CARD TO BE OPEN.
(OPTION) YOU CAN CONVERT THE CORPORATE PENTHOUSE INTO A FTL LIFEBOAT FOR A SECURE DETACHMENT FROM THE STATION. THIS EMERGENCY SUSTAINING MODULE HAS INDEPENDENT NAVIGATION AND PILOTING CONTROLS. SYSTEM ALLOWS ONE OCCUPANT FOR 50 YEARS OF BREATHABLE AIR WITH OR WITHOUT HYPERSLEEP POD.
AVIONICS: SENSOR EQUIPMENT AND COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRONICS BAYS. THERE ARE NO STAFF HERE.
EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER: A BACK-UP OPS CENTER FOR THE TOWER, USUALLY LOCKED AND DISUSED.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO THE EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING EN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB (ICSC)
THE 16 DECKS OF THE CENTRAL CORE HUB ARE, FROM TOP TO BOTTOM:
J-DECK-TYPE COMMS PLATFORM: CONTAINS THE COMMUNICATIONS AND SENSOR EQUIPMENTS, AN EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER AND A LUXURY PENTHOUSE SUITE. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
5X I-DECK-TYPE CORPORATE DECK: LABORATORIES AND OFFICES RENTED BY, FROM TOP TO BOTTOM, ICSC (THE INDEPENDENT CORE SYSTEM COLONIES) AND THE CENTRAL SPACE CONSORTIUM BUREAU, ICC (INTERSTELLAR COMMERCE COMMISSION) BUREAU, THE COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION BUREAU, THE COLONIAL MARSHAL BUREAU AND AN UNITED STATES COLONIAL MARINE CORPS BUREAU.
G-DECK-TYPE OPS LEVEL: CONTAINS THE MAIN OPERATIONS CENTER AS WELL AS STANDARD GUESTS AND CREW CABINS AND A RESTAURANT FOR GUESTS AND CREW. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND A THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS.
4X F-DECK-TYPE SHUTTLE DECK: CONTAINS THE SHUTTLE BAY WITH A MODIFIED USCMC UD-4L CHEYENNE DROPSHIP WITH FTL CAPACITY IN EACH DECK AT THE MOMENT, FUEL PROCESSOR AND A MARINE CORPS INTERVENTION OFFICE.
E-DECK-TYPE HAB BLOCK: CONTAINS STANDARD CABINS (FOR A GARRISON OF MARINES AT THE MOMENT), A MILITARY SUPPLIES OFFICE, A MILITARY MESS (CONVERTED RESTAURANT) AND A MILITARY MEDICAL CLINIC. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND A THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS.
D-DECK-TYPE LIFE SUPPORT DECK: INCLUDES A GARDEN, WATER TANKS AND FULL AIR AND WATER RECYCLING FACILITIES.
C-DECK-TYPE MAIN CONCOURSE: INCLUDES MARKETS, A RESTAURANT, THE CONCOURSE AND 4 CENTRAL TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAINS COMING AND GOING TO ALL 4 TOWERS (30 METERS IS A 2 MINUTES RIDE AT 90 KM/H). THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
B-DECK-TYPE CARGO DECK: CONTAINS THE CARGO BAYS, A COLONIAL MARSHAL'S OFFICE FOR THE TOWER, AS WELL AS TECHNICAL WORKSHOPS. THE MAIN CARGO BAY CAN SERVE AS A SECOND SHUTTLE HANGAR.
A-DECK-TYPE ENGINEERING PLATFORM: CONTAINS THE FUSION REACTOR FOR THE TOWER, COOLANT AND FUEL.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
INTERIOR DETAILS
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
A-DECK-TYPE - ENGINEERING PLATFORM
PLATFORM: AN OPEN PLAN DECK, GIVING ACCESS TO FUSION REACTOR AND ITS OPERATING MACHINERY. THERE ARE TWO CONTROL STATIONS CLOSE TO THE LIQUID HYDROGEN FUEL TANKS. TWO COOLANT TANKS BEHIND THE REACTOR HOLD LIQUID POTASSIUM. THERE ARE NO PERSONNEL HERE AT THIS MOMENT. OPERATIONS CENTER (ON G DECK) IS MONITORING THE FUSION REACTOR AT ALL TIME.
FUEL TANKS: REFINED LIQUID HYDROGEN IS STORED HERE, USED BY THE SHUTTLE AS WELL AS FORKLIFTS, LOADERS AND VISITING SHUTTLES.
FUSION REACTOR: A 3.1 GIGAWATT FUSION POWER PLANT OPERATING ON A DEUTERIUM/TRILIUM REACTION THAT SUPPLIES POWER TO THE TOWER.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
B-DECK-TYPE - CARGO DECK
CARGO BAY: 4 CARGO BAYS, SERVING AS A SUPPLY STORE FOR THE TOWER. PALLETS AND CARGO CONTAINERS (COMING FROM THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAINS) ARE BROUGHT UP FROM THE CONCOURSE VIA TWO FREIGHT ELEVATORS, AND ARE MANEUVERED INTO PLACE BY A COUPLE OF POWER LOADERS AND FORKLIFTS. 2 CARGO HANDLERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT IN THE LOADERS OFFICE. THE MAIN CARGO BAY CAN SERVE AS A SECOND SHUTTLE HANGAR (VISITING STARCUB SHUTTLE), IT HAS A LARGE SERVICE HATCH.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING AN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
COLONIAL MARSHAL'S OFFICE: THE MARSHAL AND HIS DEPUTY HAVE AN OFFICE HERE, AS WELL AS AN INTERVIEW ROOM, WELL-STOCKED ARMORY AND FOUR HOLDING CELLS. 2 OFFICERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
WORKSHOP: TECHNICAL AREA WITH LATHES, TESTING BENCHES, RACKS OF SPARES AND EQUIPMENT. 2 TECHNICIANS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
C-DECK-TYPE - MAIN CONCOURSE
PASSENGERS ARE NOT ALLOWED OFF THE C DECK, THE MAIN CONCOURSE DECK (EXCEPT TAKING THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN TO ALL 4 TOWERS), AND THE ELEVETORS WILL NOT OPERATE FOR THEM UNLESS THEY HAVE AN ID CARD.
SPACEPORT LOBBY, TRANSFER GATE AND CARGO AIRLOCK: THE GATE STRUCTURES AND CARGO AIRLOCKS ARE THERE BUT EVERYTHING HAS BEEN CLOSED AND SECURED. ONLY THE FREIGHT ELEVATORS ARE WORKING FOR MOVING PALLETS AND CARGO CONTAINERS COMING FROM THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAINS.
SECURITY STATION: SECURITY OFFICE, 3 TOWERLINK SECURITY OFFICERS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
CONCOURSE AND THE TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAIN: THE HEART OF THE TOWER IS A WIDE-OPEN WALKWAY WITH LARGE WINDOWS LOOKING INTO SPACE, SPACIOUS PLAZA, WITH SEATING AREAS AND VIDEO SCREENS, LINED WITH A SECURITY OFFICE, 2 MARKETS, RESTROOMS AND A RESTAURANT. 4 TOWERLINK TRANSIT TRAINS ARE GOING AND COMING FROM ALL 4 TOWERS (30 METERS IS A 2 MINUTES RIDE AT 90 KM/H). TRANSPORTATION IS FREE AND AUTOMATED. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT.
MARKET: 2 MARKETS PROVIDING ESSENTIALS AND LUXURIES FOR TOWER PERSONNEL AS WELL AS TRANSITING PASSENGERS (CLOTHING, ELECTRONICS, TOOLS, FOOD, JEWELRY, SHOES AND MANY OTHER ITEMS). 1 SERVICE PERSONNEL IN EACH STORE EACH SHIFT.
RESTAURANT: THE RESTAURANT IS A BAR AND GRILL. 2 SERVICE PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
D-DECK-TYPE - LIFE SUPPORT DECK
GARDEN: A HYDROPONIC GARDEN, SEPARATED FROM THE REST OF THE DECK BY LARGE CLEAR WINDOWS. IT IS USED NOT FOR ENJOYMENT OR AGRICULTURE, BUT AS A SUPPLEMENTARY OXYGEN AND WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM.
WATER TANKS: DRINKING WATER IS STORED HERE.
LIFE SUPPORT BAY: SEWAGE IS TREATED AND RECYCLED INTO WATER, USED WATER IS RECYCLED AND AIR IS SCRUBBED AND RECIRCULATED FROM HERE. 1 TECHNICIAN IS HERE EACH SHIFT.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
E-DECK-TYPE - HAB BLOCK
CREW CABINS: BASIC CREW CABINS (CONVERTED FOR A GARRISON OF MARINES AT THE MOMENT), EACH WITH BED, TOILET, SHOWER, VIDEO-PHONE, DESK AND STORAGE UNITS. A STANDARD TERMINAL GIVES ACCESS TO THE A.P.O.L.L.O. NETWORK, INCLUDING VARIOUS PRE-RECORDED ENTERTAINMENT CHANNELS. A KITCHENETTE ALLOWS SIMPLE MEALS TO BE PREPARED. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND THIRD LEVEL OF CREW CABINS. EACH LEVEL HAS 43 CABINS FOR A TOTAL OF 129 CABINS.
THE UNITED STATES COLONIAL MARINE CORPS HAS ASSIGNED HERE THE 2ND COMPANY OF THE SUPPORT COMMAND SOUTH DIVISION COMPOSED OF 129 MARINES. THERE ARE 8 SECTIONS (ALPHA, BRAVO, CHARLIE, DELTA, ECHO, FOXTROT, GOLF AND KILO) WITH 14 PRIVATES, 1 SERGEANT AND 1 LIEUTENANT IN EACH. THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE COMPANY IS A MAJOR. 4 MODIFIED CHEYENNE DROPSHIP (WITH FTL CAPACITY) ARE STATIONNED IN THE F-DECK-TYPE SHUTTLE DECKS READY FOR PERIODIC MISSIONS. THE MAJOR WILL ONLY ACCEPT ORDERS FROM HIS HIGH COMMAND AND THE COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION BUREAU.
MARKET: (CONVERTED INTO A MILITARY SUPPLIES OFFICE), 1 MILITARY PERSONNEL IS HERE EACH SHIFT. VAST INVENTORY OF CLOTHING, FOOD, SHOES OR BOOTS PISTOLS, RIFLES, HEAVY WEAPONS, AMMUNITION, CLOSE COMBAT WEAPONS AND SUITS OR ARMOR.
LAUDRY: WASHING AND DRYING MACHINES WORKING WITH ID CARDS.
MILITARY MEDICAL CENTER: MEDICAL CENTER WITH FOUR BEDS, AN OPERATING ROOM, PHARMACY AND CONSULTING ROOM. 2 MILITARY MEDIC ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
RESTAURANT: (CONVERTED INTO A MILITARY MESS), 2 MILITARY PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
4X F-DECK-TYPE - SHUTTLE DECK
SHUTTLE HANGAR: HOUSES A MODIFIED USCMC UD-4L CHEYENNE DROPSHIP (WITH FTL CAPACITY AND WITH A USCMC M577 COLONIAL MARINES APC ARMORED PERSONNEL CARRIER) IN EACH DECK READY FOR PERIODIC MARINES MISSIONS, WITH SPACE ADJACENT FOR MAINTENANCE WORKSHOP AND FLIGHT OFFICE. THERE ARE NO PERSONNEL HERE.
FLUEL PROCESSOR: PUMPS FOR TRANSFERRING LIQUID HYDROGEN FUEL FROM A TANKER AND PROCESSORS FOR REFINING IT.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING AN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
OFFICE: THIS IS USUALLY THE CEO'S OFFICE BUT THE UNITED STATES COLONIAL MARINE CORPS HAVE CHANGED IT INTO AN INTERVENTION ROOM IN EACH DECK. ACCESS TO THE OPERATIONS CENTER HAS BEEN BLOCKED FOR NOW.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
G-DECK-TYPE - OPS LEVEL
OPERATIONS CENTER: OPEN-PLAN NERVE CENTER AND COMMAND POSTE FOR THE TOWER, SET OUT LIKE THE CLUTTERED BRIDGE OF A STARSHIP. AROUND 5 OPERATIONS PERSONNEL (AND 1 CEO FROM 0800H TO 1600H) ARE HERE EACH SHIFT. OPERATIONS CENTER IS MONITORING THE FUSION REACTOR AT ALL TIME. SPIRAL STAIRS LEAD DOWN BUT THEY HAVE BEEN BLOCKED BY THE UNITED STATES COLONIAL MARINE CORPS.
A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME FOR THE TOWER: THE A.P.O.L.L.O. MAINFRAME SERVERS ARE LOCATED HERE FOR THIS TOWER, ADJACENT TO THE OPERATIONS CENTER. THE ROOM INCLUDES A DIRECT ACCESS AND PROGRAMMING TERMINAL.
CREW CABINS: BASIC CREW CABINS LIKE THE ONES ON E DECK. THIS DECK IS DOUBLE HEIGHT, WITH STAIRS LEADING TO A SECOND LEVEL AND THIRD LEVEL OF CABINS. EACH LEVEL HAS 18 CABINS FOR A TOTAL OF 54 CABINS.
RESTAURANT: A MORE EXCLUSIVE FACILITY FOR PERSONNEL AND GUESTS. 2 SERVICE PERSONNEL ARE HERE EACH SHIFT.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
5X I-DECK-TYPE - CORPORATE DECK
2 CORPORATE OFFICES, 2 CONFERENCE ROOMS AND 2 LABORATORIES: LABORATORIES AND OFFICES RENTED BY, FROM TOP TO BOTTOM, ICSC (THE INDEPENDENT CORE SYSTEM COLONIES) BUREAU, ICC (INTERSTELLAR COMMERCE COMMISSION) BUREAU, THE COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION BUREAU, THE COLONIAL MARSHAL BUREAU AND AN UNITED STATES COLONIAL MARINE CORPS BUREAU. MULTI-FUNCTION LAB, GENEROUSLY FURNISHED WITH EQUIPMENT. 2 CORPORATE PERSONNEL OR SCIENTISTS ARE HERE EACH SHIFT IN EACH ANY OF 5 DECKS.
THE 2ND COMPANY OF THE SUPPORT COMMAND SOUTH DIVISION IS HERE ON E-DECK WITH 129 MARINES. THERE ARE 8 MILITARY SECTIONS (ALPHA, BRAVO, CHARLIE, DELTA, ECHO, FOXTROT, GOLF AND KILO) COMPOSED OF 14 PRIVATES, 1 SERGEANT AND 1 LIEUTENANT IN EACH. THE COMMANDING OFFICER OF THE COMPANY IS A MAJOR. THE MAJOR WILL BE HERE IN THE USCMC BUREAU MOST OF THE TIME GIVING ORDERS TO HIS LIEUTENANTS.
4 MODIFIED USCMC UD-4L CHEYENNE DROPSHIP (WITH FTL CAPACITY AND WITH A USCMC M577 COLONIAL MARINES APC ARMORED PERSONNEL CARRIER) ARE STATIONNED IN 4 F-DECK-TYPE SHUTTLE DECKS READY FOR PERIODIC MISSIONS. THE MAJOR WILL ONLY ACCEPT ORDERS FROM HIS HIGH COMMAND OR THE COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION BUREAU.
THE CENTRAL CORE HUB
J-DECK-TYPE - COMMS PLATFORM AND PENTHOUSE
CORPORATE PENTHOUSE: A LUXURY SUITE WHICH STORED A HOLOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND SCREEN (LIKE IN THE PROMETHEUS LIFEBOAT), A LIVING ROOM WITH A SMALL BAR AND A PIANO, A DINING ROOM, AN ARMORY AND MED SUPPLIES, 3 BEDROOMS, 2 BATHROOMS AS WELL AS A PAULING MEDPOD (MEDICAL AID PLUS 10). THIS ROOM NEEDS THE BLACK ID CARD TO BE OPEN.
(OPTION) YOU CAN CONVERT THE CORPORATE PENTHOUSE INTO A FTL LIFEBOAT FOR A SECURE DETACHMENT FROM THE STATION. THIS EMERGENCY SUSTAINING MODULE HAS INDEPENDENT NAVIGATION AND PILOTING CONTROLS. SYSTEM ALLOWS ONE OCCUPANT FOR 50 YEARS OF BREATHABLE AIR WITH OR WITHOUT HYPERSLEEP POD.
AVIONICS: SENSOR EQUIPMENT AND COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRONICS BAYS. THERE ARE NO STAFF HERE.
EMERGENCY OPERATIONS CENTER: A BACK-UP OPS CENTER FOR THE TOWER, USUALLY LOCKED AND DISUSED.
AIRLOCK ACCESS: AN AIRLOCK FOR ACCESS TO THE EXTERIOR OF THE TOWER, INCLUDING EN EVA PREP AREA WITH PRESSURE SUIT AND EQUIPMENT LOCKERS.
STATION DESIGN BY
ARTHUR DALLAS
SEPTEMBER 2020
submitted by _ArthurDallas_ to alienrpg [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 08:09 AdequateSizeAttache Setting the Record Straight on the Evidence of Prior Sexual Abuse - Part 1

[This post has been split into two parts because of selfpost character limits.]

Introduction

It surprises me how often I see discussions involving speculation on whether JonBenet's UTIs, vaginitis, bedwetting, and history of frequent doctor visits indicate sexual abuse or not. These discussions invariably include people chiming in to share how they or someone they know had similar issues but were never abused. From these discussions, one could get the impression that itchy pageant costumes or Mr. Bubble useage are perfectly reasonable explanations for the evidence of sexual abuse.
The fact is, there's no need to speculate based on these things. There is physical evidence that is a significant indicator of prior sexual abuse. This is the evidence that should be at the forefront of discussions on the question of sexual abuse, not bubble baths or bedwetting. Issues such as vaginitis, UTIs, and bedwetting are not specific to sexual abuse; there are other possible explanations for them. There is no other possible explanation for the physical evidence besides trauma from physical penetration.
In reading discussions on the case over the years, it's always puzzled me how often the evidence of prior sexual abuse gets downplayed or dismissed. In considering why, I believe it is due primarily to these two common misconceptions:
Common Misconception 1 (as demonstrated above): The evidence of sexual abuse = vaginal irritation, UTIs, rashes, bedwetting, soiling, frequent doctor visits
Common Misconception 2: There is a medical debate on the issue and there's evidence to support both sides
Common Misconception 1 is a straw man argument — the actual evidence (the physical findings) is not being addressed or refuted.
Common Misconception 2 is an argument from false equivalence. An equal, rather than accurate, amount of weight is given to both sides of the issue. People see the mountain of conflicting information and contradicting opinions and think "It looks like expert opinion on this issue is divided; I guess a case can be made for either side." The enormous difference in expertise and experience between the various experts is ignored, as is the level of access they had to the evidence. This misconception gives the impression that all these expert opinions cancel each other out, rendering the issue debatable and open to interpretation. Consequently, the probative value of the evidence is undermined, making it easier for people to feel they can dismiss.
I think several factors have contributed to these two misconceptions:
However, if one takes a closer look at the evidence, it becomes apparent that it is not weighted equally on both sides. There is no medical debate, but a medical consensus. Every child sexual abuse expert who examined the genital findings from JonBenet's autopsy recognized physical signs of sexual abuse that predated her murder. Despite some objections to their conclusion, no one has disputed the physical findings of these experts. Their findings are compelling and should be seriously considered. In order to do that, though, one must first understand what the findings are and get acquainted with the doctors who testified to them.
The purpose of this post is to lay out everything that is known about the evidence of prior sexual abuse, but also to put it into a larger context so that hopefully it will be better understood. This will involve delving a bit into the history of child sexual abuse evaluations (it will become relevant later), as well as some background information of the experts involved. I will also go over dissenting opinions and address some common counterarguments and myths.

The evolution of modern pediatric sexual abuse evaluations: A brief historical timeline

1857 - One of the first known forensic medical studies on child sexual abuse, Étude médico-légale sur les attentats aux mœurs (Forensic study on offenses against morals) by French medical doctor and pathologist Auguste Ambroise Tardieu, is published. This treatise describes various forms of child abuse and maltreatment and includes anatomical drawings of genital findings which by modern standards are considered surprisingly accurate and ahead of its time. For some reason these efforts are largely ignored and it will be over a century before interest in sexual abuse evaluations from a medical perspective is resurrected.
1940s-50s - Child sexual abuse remains an unacknowledged taboo. Medical textbooks of this era tell doctors that children can contract STIs like gonorrhea from non-sexual means, such as from toilet seats, sharing towels, or sleeping in the same bed as an infected adult. Such myths will pervade for decades.
1962 - "The Battered Child Syndrome" by pediatrician C. Henry Kempe is published and physical child abuse is recognized. A watershed moment in pediatrics and child abuse protection. This article is about detecting hidden signs of physical abuse using modern radiological technology and newly proposed evaluation guidelines. Detecting chronic or hidden sexual abuse, however, will prove to be a more enduring challenge.
Late 1960s - By now all 50 states have child abuse protection laws in place.
1970s - Feminist campaigners and policymakers take up the cause of child sexual abuse. Most child protection workers during this period are social workers and therapists. The field of child abuse protection and evaluation is in its nascency.
1974 - Congress enacts the Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA, P.L. 93-247). CAPTA creates a nationwide focus on establishing standardized protocols for dealing with all forms of child abuse and neglect. Mandatory reporting is one component of CAPTA. Before, only doctors were required to report cases of suspected child abuse; now, it is anyone in a position of authority — teachers, camp counselors, etc. Consequently, there is a significant increase in the reporting of child abuse cases and an increase in the demand of evaluations for suspected sexual abuse. Most of the physicians doing these medical evaluations are not researchers or academics but work with prosecutor's offices and law enforcement.
1975 - Suzanne M. Sgroi, physician pioneer in the field, publishes an article calling child sexual abuse "the last frontier in child abuse" which "remains a taboo topic in many areas."
1977 - C. Henry Kempe brings awareness to the issue of child sexual abuse by following up "The Battered Child Syndrome" with a landmark lecture at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics in New York City. The talk, titled "Sexual Abuse, Another Hidden Pediatric Problem" is published in the journal Pediatrics the following year.
1980s - Doctors start examining children's genitals, documenting, cataloging and trying to interpret their findings. Some use a colposcope, a binocular-like instrument originally used to detect cervical cancer, which magnifies the vaginal canal and tissues up to 4-30x. Some take anatomical measurements which they use to develop criteria for suspected abuse. They know what findings they see in abused children, but there is an acute lack of understanding of what "normal" or nonabused genital findings look like.
1981 - The article "Sexual Misuse: Rape, Molestation, and Incest" by Dr. Bruce Woodling is published in the journal Pediatric Clinics of North America.
Dr. Woodling is a California physician whose area of specialty is in sexual abuse forensics. The paper presents his research on what he has dubbed the "wink response test", a concept borrowed from Tardieu's 19th-century forensic manual. This test involves stroking the area near the anus with a cotton swab and gauging the response — contraction of the sphincter indicates no abuse, while an involuntary opening or 'winking' response indicates prior penetration. It was a test Tardieu developed to diagnose pederasty and Woodling has applied it to children as a way to detect anal abuse.
1982 - The wave of daycare sexual abuse hysteria of the 80s begins with the Kern County abuse allegations. The investigation and trial will culminate in the conviction of two couples (the McCuans and Kniffens) for sexually abusing several children. Dr. Woodling's wink response test and testimony play a part in their conviction. Several other similar cases in the same area at the time result in convictions of several others.
1984 - Daycare abuse hysteria continues with the Fells Acres and McMartin Preschool accusations. In the Fells Acre case, day care teacher Gerald Amirault will be put on trial and convicted of sexually assaulting and raping nine children. Questionable interview methods of the children and unproven genital evaluation criteria form the basis for the conviction.
The McMartin preschool case is the first to receive major media attention in the United States. Pediatrician Astrid Heger, under the tutelage of Dr. Bruce Woodling, conducts many of the evaluations of the McMartin children and diagnoses the majority of them as having been sexually abused. The criteria used for the evaluations are based primarily on Woodling's research as well as other published papers at the time (e.g., Cantwell's 1983 study on hymenal diameter measurements). Many of the children are found to have suspect genital findings such as notches, clefts, bands, tissue tags, ruffled or rolled hymenal edges, 'microtraumas' seen only with magnification, hymenal openings which measure over four millimeters, as well as positive reactions to Woodling's wink response test.
mid to late 80s - More abuse allegations and convictions including Country Walk, Wee Nursery, Bronx Five, Little Rascals day care, Glendale Montessori cases.
1988 - Dr. John McCann, a pediatrics professor and researcher from UCSF School of Medicine, drops a bombshell at the 18th annual child abuse convention in San Diego. He presents the results of a study he and his colleagues have worked on the past four years. They had gathered a control group of about 300 nonabused/"normal" children and meticulously documented and photographed their anuses and genitals, the first such study to do so. What they learned shocked McCann and everyone else in the field. Many of the anatomic findings which some specialists were claiming to be signs of abuse were commonly found in the nonabused children. The study showed that the large variation of anatomical features of childrens' genitals were, in fact, just that — variations of normal. This meant that parents and caretakers were being reported and convicted based on erroneous unscientific criteria. This presentation, titled "Anatomical Standardization of Normal Prepubertal Children," is a watershed moment in the field.
1989 - The first paper based on McCann's study ("Perianal findings in prepubertal children selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Child Abuse & Neglect. Among its conclusions, it shows that Dr. Woodling's wink response test has no scientific basis.
The impact of McCann's study influences leaders in the field to call for an overhaul in the way sexual abuse evaluation criteria are approached:
Medical Examination for Sexual Abuse: Have We Been Misled?
The more we learn, the less we know "with reasonable medical certainty"?
1990s - This decade sees an explosion of research and progress. The second paper based on McCanns' landmark study ("Genital findings in prepubertal girls selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Pediatrics in 1990. The dropping of charges in the McMartin preschool trial, also in 1990, marks the beginning of the winding down of the nation's abuse hysteria. McCann's research is presented as evidence by the defense in some abuse trials, such as the McMartin and Little Rascals daycare cases.
1992 - A classification system for evaluating children for suspected sexual abuse is proposed by Dr. Joyce Adams, Katherine Harper and Sandra Knudson. This later becomes known as the Adams classification system (keep this system in mind as we will be referring back to it) and will be periodically revised with updated criteria throughout the following decades. It will be adopted and used in the field of child abuse pediatrics and gynecology worldwide. John McCann's research help form a basis for this system.
mid to late 90s - More research based on cross-sectional, case-control, and longitudinal studies of abused and nonabused children are published which improves understanding and accuracy of evaluation criteria: Berenson, Heger, Adams, Emans, Kellogg, Kerns, McCann, Muram, Finkel, etc. Due to the errors of the previous decade, specialists in the field are highly conscientious and prudent about differentiating nonabuse from abuse criteria.

The evidence of prior sexual abuse in the JonBenet Ramsey case: What we know

When Boulder County Coroner Dr. John Meyer performed JonBenet's autopsy, he identified signs of acute vaginal trauma which he believed was consistent with digital penetration. What we didn't find out until the publication of James Kolar's book Foreign Faction in 2012 is that Dr. Meyer also saw indications of prior sexual contact. Concerned about this possibility, he sought a specialist opinion and brought Dr. Andrew Sirotnak to the morgue to examine JonBenet's genital injuries. Dr. Sirotnak was a child abuse pediatrician who headed the Child Protection Team at Children's Hospital Colorado. He confirmed Meyer's opinion that there were signs of prior sexual contact.
Here are the relevant passages from Kolar's book:
  • Dr. Meyer also observed signs of chronic inflammation around the vaginal orifice and believed that these injuries had been inflicted in the days or weeks before the acute injury that was responsible for causing the bleeding at the time of her death. This irritation appeared consistent with prior sexual contact.
    [Foreign Faction: Who Really Kidnapped JonBenet?, A. James Kolar, p. 58]
  • Following the meeting, Dr. Meyer returned to the morgue with Dr. Andy Sirontak, Chief of Denver Children's Hospital Child Protection Team, so that a second opinion could be rendered on the injuries observed to the vaginal area of JonBenet. He would observe the same injuries that Dr. Meyer had noted during the autopsy protocol and concurred that a foreign object had been inserted into the opening of JonBenet's vaginal orifice and was responsible for the acute injury witnessed at the 7:00 o'clock position. Further inspection revealed that the hymen was shriveled and retracted, a sign that JonBenet had been subjected to some type of sexual contact prior to the date of her death. Dr. Sirontak could not provide an opinion as to how old those injuries were or how many times JonBenet may have been assaulted and would defer to the expert opinions of other medical examiners.
    [Kolar, p. 61]
  • Dr. Meyer was concerned about JonBenet's vaginal injuries, and he, along with Boulder investigators, sought the opinions of a variety of other physicians in the days following her autopsy. Dr. Sirontak, a pediatrician with Denver Children's Hospital, had recognized signs of prior sexual trauma but neither he nor Dr. Meyer were able to say with any degree of certainty what period of time may have been involved in the abuse.
    [Kolar, p. 63]
Boulder Police would later ask several child sexual abuse experts to review the autopsy findings* in order to help them determine if there was evidence of prior sexual abuse. In addition to Andrew Sirotnak, these are the experts whom we know were consulted:
Richard Krugman
James Monteleone
Valerie Rao
John McCann
That's right — that John McCann. The same John McCann who was responsible for putting child sexual abuse evaluations onto scientific footing and who happened to establish the standards for what is considered normal and abnormal in pediatric genital exams was consulted on the JonBenet Ramsey case.
In Steve Thomas's 2001 deposition for the Wolf v Ramsey civil trial, Thomas says that McCann came recommended by the FBI. There's a reason for that, which is that McCann was regarded as one of the the foremost authorities on interpreting pediatric anogenital findings in cases of suspected abuse. Thomas also refers to McCann, Monteleone, and Rao as the "blue ribbon pediatric panel." Based on various sources, we know that there was at least one meeting in Boulder in September 1997 involving McCann, Rao, Monteleone, and Krugman.
Here is the relevant passage from Thomas's book:
In mid-September, a panel of pediatric experts from around the country reached one of the major conclusions of the investigation - that JonBenet had suffered vaginal trauma prior to the day she was killed.
There were no dissenting opinions among them on the issue, and they firmly rejected any possibility that the trauma to the hymen and chronic vaginal inflammation were caused by urination issues or masturbation. We gathered affidavits stating in clear language that there were injuries "consistent with prior trauma and sexual abuse"...."There was chronic abuse"..."Past violation of the vagina"...."Evidence of both acute injury and chronic sexual abuse." In other words, the doctors were saying it had happened before.
...
The results, however, were not what is known in the legal world as "conclusive" - which means that there can be no other interpretation - and I would fully expect defense lawyers to argue something different. Nevertheless, our highly qualified doctors had brought in a remarkable finding.
[JonBenet: Inside the Ramsey Murder Investigation, Steve Thomas & Don Davis, p. 253]
The experts expected to testify in court had the case gone to trial. As we know, there was no criminal trial, but we know the experts were called to testify before the grand jury.
*During JonBenet's autopsy, an instrument called a colposcope was used to examine and document her genital injuries. This is standard procedure in forensic pathology in cases of suspected child abuse or sexual assault. Colposcopy illuminates and magnifies the vaginal cavity and is used to identify abnormal changes to tissue and the internal genital structures. The experts would have relied on these colposcopic photos as well as histologic samples of JonBenet's vaginal mucosa in addition to the autopsy report, coroner's notes, and lab results.

The physical findings explained

These are the genital findings we know were discovered at JonBenet's autopsy:
Ref. no. Finding Source
1 Chronic inflammation around vaginal orifice FF
2 Small amount of dried blood on perineum AR
3 Small amount of dried and semifluid blood on skin of fourchette and in vestibule AR
4 Hyperemia of vestibule and vaginal wall AR
5 Abrasion on hymenal orifice at 7 o'clock position, involving the hymen and vaginal wall AR
6 Epithelial erosion with underlying capillary congestion of tissue from 7'oclock AR
7 Hymenal orifice measuring 1cm x 1cm AR
8 A lack of hymenal tissue between the 10 and 2 o'clock positions AR
9 Vascular congestion and focal interstitial chronic inflammation of vaginal mucosa in all sections AR
10 Bruise on hymen BP
11 Three dimensional thickening from inside to outside of inferior hymenal rim BP
12 Narrowing of inferior hymenal rim to base of hymen BP
13 Exposure of vaginal rugae BP
AR = Autopsy Report
BP = Bonita Papers
FF = Foreign Faction
What do these physical findings mean?
Here is a quick break down:
  • 5, 6, and 10, with corresponding bleeding 2 and 3, are signs of acute trauma from the time of the murder.
  • 7 is something that gets brought up as evidence of prior abuse ("enlarged hymenal opening"). However, criteria based on hymenal opening measurements were removed from the Adams classification guidelines in 1996. McCann did not include it in his criteria for abuse, but said it supported the findings for abuse. Since the late 90s/early 2000s, specialists have tried to move away from using measurement-based criteria as it is difficult to do precisely. Research data has shown that measurements can vary with the examination position, technique, age of the child, state of relaxation of the child, and the skill of the examiner.
  • 8 describes a crescentic hymen, a common variation of hymen types. This is a normal finding. Generally, discrepancies of the anterior half of the hymen (above the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) are not considered concerning and missing segments, notches, clefts can be normal findings. It is the inferior half of the hymen (below the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) where experts look for indicators of abuse.
  • 11-13 are findings observed by John McCann that describe structural changes of the hymen from a prior penetration. 12 describes a transection (a healed laceration) of the inferior portion of the hymen.
  • 1, 4, 9 can be caused by a variety of other conditions and on their own are not classified as indicators for abuse. In the case where findings indicating abuse are also present, they need to be considered in context.
McCann's findings
The most important of these findings to understand is 12, which is one of McCann's observations outlined in the Bonita Papers.
There was a three dimensional thickening from inside to outside on the inferior hymeneal rim with a bruise apparent on the external surface of the hymen and a narrowing of the hymeneal rim from the edge of the hymen to where it attaches to the muscular portion of the vaginal openings. At the narrowing area, there appeared to be very little if any hymen present.
To understand what this means, take a look at the white line segment labeled "Hymenal width" in this colposcopic photo (warning: image of vagina/hymen). It demarcates the length of the hymenal membrane from the rim/edge to the base where it attaches to the vaginal wall.
A narrowing of the hymenal rim means the hymenal membrane is reduced in dimension from the rim/edge toward the base. When the rim is narrowed all the way to the base, that is called a complete cleft or a transection. A transection is a discontinuity of the inferior hymenal rim that extends to or through the base of the hymen. Basically, it is a telltale residual absence of tissue from a healed complete laceration.
If this is difficult to visualize, here is a figure which shows what transections look like:
Figure 3: Hymenal Membrane Characteristics
[source]
The Adams classification system
In the fields of child abuse pediatrics and pediatric gynecology, the set of guidelines most widely used in interpreting genital findings is the Adams classification system.
If we were to look at the most recently revised version (2018), we would see that it identifies certain "findings caused by trauma":
These findings are highly suggestive of abuse, even in the absence of a disclosure from the child, unless the child and/or caretaker provides a timely and plausible description of accidental anogenital straddle, crush or impalement injury, or past surgical interventions that are confirmed from review of medical records.
Among those findings that are "highly suggestive of abuse" includes point 37, listed in the subsection titled "Residual (healing) injuries to genital/anal tissues" under section E:
Healed hymenal transection/complete hymen cleft, a defect in the hymen below the 3-9 o'clock location that extends to or through the base of the hymen, with no hymenal tissue discernible at that location
This is precisely what Dr. McCann described having observed in JonBenet.
A transection in the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal child is a significant finding because it is considered a clear indication of a prior penetrating injury:
  • Multiple studies have noted the presence of hymenal transections only in prepubertal girls with a history of disclosed sexual abuse.
    [ Sara T. Stewart, MD. Hymenal Characteristics in Girls with and without a History of Sexual Abuse, p. 533]
  • Hymenal transections are very rarely seen in prepubertal girls who have not been sexually abused. However, a demonstrated transection, based on multiple studies, is commonly viewed as “a clear but uncommon indicator of past trauma.”
    [Mishori, R., Ferdowsian, H., Naimer, K. et al. The little tissue that couldn’t – dispelling myths about the Hymen’s role in determining sexual history and assault.]
  • Thus a deep notch, transection, or perforation on the inferior portion of the hymen may be considered as a definitive sign of sexual abuse or other trauma.
    [Berenson, et al. A case-control study of anatomic changes resulting from sexual abuse, p. 829]
  • A transection of the posterior hymen between 4 and 8 o’clock in prepubertal girls suggests genital penetrating trauma; however, the presence of this finding is not confirmatory of sexual abuse. Posterior hymenal findings including transections between 4 and 8 o’clock, deep notches, and perforations were not seen in studies of prepubertal girls without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse included in this systematic review. Therefore, one can conclude that the posterior hymenal findings of transections, deep notches, and perforations are extremely infrequent findings among children without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse or other means. [...]
    However, because the prevalence of posterior hymenal findings (between 4 and 8 o’clock) such as transections, deep notches, and perforations are near zero in nonabused prepubertal girls, the presence of these examination findings suggests genital trauma from sexual abuse. In the absence of known genital trauma from accidental means, the possibility for sexual abuse must be strongly considered. In a prepubertal girl with a posterior hymenal finding of a transection (between 4 and 8 o’clock), a deep notch (between 4 and 8 o’clock), or a perforation, a report to child protective services should be strongly considered. At a minimum, an examination by a child abuse specialist should occur to confirm these findings and to help provide a careful interpretation regarding the likelihood of sexual abuse.
    [Molly Curtin Berkoff, MD, MPH; Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH; Kathi L. Makoroff, MD; et al. Has This Prepubertal Girl Been Sexually Abused?, p. 2790]
If any doctor or medical provider today observed a transection on the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal female patient, he/she would be required to make a report for suspected sexual abuse and an explanation would be required for how that healed injury got there. In forty years of research, this finding has not been seen in any other instance besides from penetrating trauma. In prepubertal girls, it is indicative of sexual abuse unless it can be shown otherwise.

What the evidence says

The evidence says JonBenet had been subjected to at least one penetration of the vagina through the hymenal membrane prior to her murder. The penetration caused a complete laceration of the inferior hymenal membrane. After the laceration healed, a transection and other structural changes of the hymen remained.
The age of the prior injury could not be determined, but based on his research on the healing of hymenal lacerations of prepubertal girls, it was McCann's opinion that it was more than ten days old. His research has shown that "most signs of an acute [hymenal laceration] injury were gone within 7 to 10 days." Some of the experts thought the prior injury could have been weeks or months old.
While the evidence could conclusively prove only one prior penetration, the experts believed there had been more than one instance of penetration/sexual contact and that JonBenet's genital findings indicated abuse that had been repeated or ongoing. They were unable to determine how many incidents over what period of time.
Four of the five experts (Sirotnak, Monteleone, Rao, McCann) were confident in their opinion that JonBenet's genital findings were diagnostic of sexual abuse. One (Krugman) could not disagree with that assessment, but lacking certain forensic evidence (i.e., the victim's testimony, the confirmed presence of sperm, or an STI), was unwilling to assume a sexual motive for the abuse. He felt there was evidence only of physical abuse of the genitals.

What else could explain the prior penetration/ hymenal trauma besides sexual abuse?

There are three known causes of transections in the inferior hymenal rim in prepubertal girls — penetrative sexual abuse, accidental penetrating trauma, and surgical intervention.
Most accidental genital injuries sustained by children are straddle-type injuries that involve a fall onto the horizontal bar of a bicycle, jungle gym, or picket fence. This type of accident involves compression of the soft tissues against the bony margins of the pelvic outlet. Trauma is usually limited to the external structures of the genital area (e.g., labia, clitoral hood, fourchette, perineum).
Accidental penetrating or impalement injuries that involve trauma to the hymen are relatively rare:
Of 161 accidental genital injuries reported in the literature, 3.7% involved the hymen.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
However, they do occur and the resulting injuries can mimic those of sexual abuse. In such cases, it is important that the cause of the injury be confirmed.
Whether an acute or healed genital or anal injury is identified, it is incumbent on the medical professional to obtain a complete history of the nature of the injury. [...]
Key differences in the history of accidental trauma, such as a straddle injury, are that accidental injuries are more commonly observed by a third party, medical attention is sought immediately after the injury, a scene-of-injury visit confirms the plausibility of the injuries and the accompanying history, and the pattern of injury is consistent with the history.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
If JonBenet's prior hymenal injury was the result of an accident or a past surgical procedure, it should be reflected in her medical records and easy to prove. An accidental penetrating injury that results in a complete laceration of the hymen is considered severe, one that would be painful and cause bleeding. It would be expected that most parents or caretakers would seek medical attention for their child's injury.
We know the Ramseys were not timid or frugal when it came to getting medical attention for JonBenet's injuries and ailments. We have records of her being seen by the doctor for various bumps, falls, and injuries, such as a bent fingernail from a fall, a bruised nose from faceplanting at a grocery store, a bump on the brow from a tripping fall, and a small cut to the cheek from a golf club swing. If JonBenet had sustained an accidental genital injury that resulted in a severe laceration, I find it very hard to believe she would not have been taken to the doctor for such an injury when she was taken for lesser injuries and ailments.
Clearly, there was nothing in her medical records that could account for such an injury or the Ramseys would have provided it to police.
 
(Continue to Part 2: The experts, responses to dissenting opinions and common myths, etc.)
submitted by AdequateSizeAttache to JonBenetRamsey [link] [comments]


2020.08.03 22:12 alivefro6 no idea what this is but oh well

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Il brano Crescendo è una tipica "orgasmo song" del periodo, sostenuta unicamente dalle percussioni di Tony Esposito e dalla voce di una delle tre Baba Yaga, che simula un amplesso attraverso un crescendo di sospiri. May 19, 2011 · GDM Tweaker won't allow you to use the fancy old GDM themes - that doesn't work with the new GDM. com, Hot, Kidscorner. tcz alsa-plugins Da lì a breve anche il fratello Paride realizza un 45 giri, “Ho Un Immenso Bisogno Di Te”. Comience la prueba gratis Cancele en cualquier momento. 61. tcz alsa-plugins-dev. Hi, this a great login screen, there's only one problem on my ubuntu 19. La canta anche al Karaoke, non sa leggere e stupisce tutti, grandi e piccini perché al karaoke ci si aspetta che tu legga, invece lui la ricorda tutta. 6 for the login / lock screen. It is available for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. I am using Debian Squeeze Testing and I have gdm3 installed. 10. Night Diamond v3. Simply Circles Icons Full Icon Themes. ARMANDO TROVAJOLI - COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E TEMI DA FILM. Gdm allows you to log into your system with the X Window System running and supports running several different X sessions on your local machine at the same time. Ele é suntuosamente adequado ao desktop 8188eu. 10 with Gnome Shell and I didn't notice any issues other than the theme GDM theme not being used, but this is only after about an hour of usage. Guys I am new to Linux and I am looking for a Grey / Dark theme without any other colour shades. At any given time several distinct crawls are running, some for months, and some every day or longer. top 018. 1 2 2015 1682004 246. Ant Themes. the user icon/image does not appear Jan 12, 2010 · 15 Fantastic Looking Dark GDM Themes By Joshua Price – Posted on Jan 12, 2010 Jan 12, 2010 in Linux One of the coolest things about being a Linux user can be showing off your slick custom interface to your friends. 10-tinycore64. 'Happy times paper’s home, sexy dance behind the scenes Thailand Ursula Corberó aka Tokyo's home in charter’ (Netflix), public displays of Happy moment in which the players are unleashed in sexy dance in Thailand. Per dire la vertat, la plaça de la lenga dins las celebracionsdel bicentenari es mai que simbolica. December 31st, 2013 Agencia de Modelos http://www. Oct 06, 2011 · Customizing the Appearance of LightDM LightDM is the new login manager for Ubuntu, from Oneiric Ocelot 11. Guai a parlarci sopra, va sentita senza interferenze. */,,' sort uniq tr ' ' ',' GDM Themes by EugeneVe. 2% Canta theme. 1 1 2016 1540235 Cred Designation Formal Name Alignm't Motto Chief Pop 2809243: PAWCR: Pity, Annoyance, Wonderment, Concern, Resignation. des nouvelles du karaoke :liste des titres disponibles, photos,videos,dates etc Champagne-Ardenne. md for details. (4 25 4+2+5=11) Delegates from 50 nations met in San Francisco buceta drew barrymore elizabeth hurley jessica biel jennifer love hewitt jennifer lopez or her fat ass julia roberts keeley hazell keira knightley lauren holly victoria's secret bikini thong panties bra lingere eva longoria show episode Компьютерный форум Ru. GTK3 Themes by GDM Themes by EugeneVe. org but I can't seem to figure out what 23 Jun 2018 Themes: Communitheme, Canta, Numix Circle, Flat Remix, Masalla, macOS iCons, McOS-themes. 1 5 2016 1539502 382. src. Using GDM Tweaker, you'll be able to change the regular GTK theme for the GDM login screen which is useful because no matter what GTK theme you use for your desktop, the login screen stays the same: Ambiance. Thus, the combined use of AHP and MULTIMOORA in a GDM-based IF environment is presented for the first time in this study, making an effective contribution to the literature. com/profile/15885275546994795488 [email protected]. 26. Facebook Groups make it easy to connect with specific sets of people, like family, teammates or coworkers. oh, you found the manager (i thought you hadn't gotten that far). PubMed. 2 Log-in screen background image. 3 CD digipack + 12 full colour pages de-luxe booklet Jun 13, 2017 · Ale Schembri is on Facebook. 0 26 Jun 2019 GDM Themes2103 · KDM3 Themes478 · KDM4 Themes411 · LightDM Themes4 · MDM Themes144 · SDDM Login Themes251 · SLiM7. 11 second moen! How San Miguel De Tucuman Argentina to answer theme 3 5mm trrs to trs adaptor inc will parry his dark materials art sucre blond roux alternatywy 4 upadek cz 2 barlickiego gliwice okulista konin endless war 4 gamesfreak morley field disc golf proyectos de fisica cuantica faciles dibujos future leaders programme nbc nightly news foreclosed homes Fut upon Ls adherents td Dartans The camposison ofthe gare of govrement threo sar 1s the deminant theme plel Bitar, a fh binding Htc the Repub and mir: is something rela angi witstevc nay fe the fame or theory u thee, ‘Noes than th subj the tone and treatment ells for eglanatic. D. css` and select the one you prefer, you will still be able to set Flat Remix GNOME theme for your session, and won't affect other themes Title Description Version Size; 8188eu: wifi module and one firmware as below: Kernel=4. Score 89. /media_info/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - repodata/ 14-Jul-2017 19:27 - 0ad-0. 3 in C Major: II. *//' -e 's,. tdioil Ceci Z. 2% Nov 28 2018 . Whether you're 2. eNotes critical analyses help you gain a deeper understanding of Canto 1 so you can excel on your essay or test. tcz aalib-dev. . Welcome to LinuxQuestions. I've used Plata in Ubuntu 18. See gnome-shell/README. recipe sed -e 's/. Inside the categories packages are roughly * sorted by alphabet, but strict sorting has been long lost due * to merges. tcz acpitool. top ARMANDO TROVAJOLI-COMMEDIE MUSICALI CANZONI BALLATE E. com Blogger 9 1 25 tag:blogger. web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell which supports GTK 3 and GTK 2 based desktop environments like Gnome, Unity, Budgie, Pantheon, XFCE, Mate, etc. Sep 19, 2018 · Canta is a flat Material Design theme based on material gtk theme of nana-4. Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats Full text of "Orchestral Music Class M10001268 Catalogue Scores" See other formats GDM Music My Lord and My God Canta la giava Ines Talamo f43d235c-42ea-40df-8cfa-0fcbf5fc32d6 Theme from Starsky and Hutch Soundsville Regístrate en Facebook y busca a tus amigos. 2006-01-01. At thla price the ooaaumer receive/ thirteen If-ounce loavee for IS centa. Facebook gives people the power to share and makes the world more open and connected. Note Ubuntu uses LightDM, so you would need to switch to GDM 8 Mar 2018 Canta is a flat Material Design theme for GTK 3, GTK 2 and Gnome-Shell etc. Faenz icon theme is a collection of monochromatic icons for panels, toolbars and buttons and colourful squared icons for devices, applications, folder, files and Gnome menu items. Mucho más que documentos. top 004. Descubra todo lo que Scribd tiene para ofrecer, incluyendo libros y audiolibros de importantes editoriales. Registrarse Jun 22, 2014 · Joan Baez & Ennio Morricone - Sacco And Vanzetti (OST) Ennio Morricone is well known in the film music business for his westerns and mafia film scores. Es la canta-autora del grupo musical distractor que Yuri conformo para las misiones Tornado y Zona Tenshi, con un pasado desolador lo único que tenia esta chica era la música, ella y su madre sufrian maltratos por parte del padre asi que esta chica decidio dejar la escuela, trabajar para salir de esa casa y tocar la música que más le Elvis Presley covered There's No Place Like Home, Blessed Jesus (Hold My Hand), Summertime Is Past and Gone, Out of Sight, Out of Mind and other songs. Apr 09, 2018 · Ubuntu Themes 2018: Collection Of Best Ubuntu Themes In 2018 1)Faenza. it - Tutti i diritti riservati - Beat Records. 49. What I should do? Sabily GDM themes (transitional package) 5 Jul 2018 Ubuntu 18. Gdm. I downloaded the "Sleek Dragon" theme from gnome-look. Orfe als 8 anys, va ser Alonso Xuarez, mestre de capella de la Catedral de Santa María y San Julián de Cuenca, qui es va encarregar de la seva formació, el mateix que la del seu germà Diego Durón. tcz accountsservice-gir. Stele deals with a theme that has been recurrent in Paladino’s work since he began working at the end of the 1970s: the world is an intellectual construction that art gives shape to. J’suis le seul a être choqué de pas voir la bande son de death note (L theme …) ? En tout cas y’a la bande son de P4 donc c’est pas mal déja ! Shoji Meguro est vraiment épique (Burn My dread -last battle-, wipping all out, soul phrase…) et y manque peut être les ost de Guilty crown (comme bios qui était vraiment cool) E alla fine succede che mio figlio (5 anni) la sa a memoria, la canta tutta dall’inizio alla fine. tcz abcde. Ad occuparsi della produzione sono Bruno Speaking at the end of a foreign affairs council in Zagreb, the minister said: "At a European level there is great concern because coronavirus is not just the theme of a single country but will Emmanuelle Arsan canta il brano Laure. Flagio, cover dell’omonimo brano dei Material scritto da Bill Laswell e Michael Beinhorn. I want to change gdm theme and background. Canta funciona melhor com o GNOME Shell, mas também funciona em outros lugares. - vinceliuice/ Hum Haven't seen that. Pop Remix Theme. chubs. css will do what you are looking for. Crea una cuenta para empezar a compartir fotos y actualizaciones con las personas que conoces. To change it on ubuntu use `sudo update-alternatives --config gdm3. Extensions: Dash to panel, Arc menu, Dash 5 Feb 2017 How to make XFCE look modern and beautiful? Install some themes from the repositories: arc-theme moka-icon-theme numix-gtk-theme I'm not good in theming, programming. com/profile/00049574084420999236 [email protected]. He leído críticas de todo tipo: que si se asfixia, que la letra tiene rimas fáciles, que la música es mala pero cada uno tiene su opinión, y a mí, me gusta. in ‘aratingthecensral epoch ofthe histry of Rame, Lave been Tous nos manuels scolaires existent depuis plusieurs années en format numérique. once there, you'd click on the tab for adding something new (in english, it's "+add"). X-Arc Themes. it should be in 'lokal'. Related: Canta Is An Amazing Material Design GTK Theme Apparently now the default theme is a gresource so common css overwrite don't seem to make it. GNOME is part of the GNU project. Take a look at Gnome-Look GDM , most of the themes there come with good instructions on how to install them. 420 ‑ MARCH 2020 通信販売専用電話 03-3954-4897 土・日・祭日は一切の通販業務を休ませていただきます。 #Format # # is the package name; # is the number of people who installed this package; # is the number of people who use this package regularly; # is the number of people who installed, but don't use this package # regularly; # is the number of people who upgraded this package recently; # Antarctica :: Antarctic Treaty System [11581625] timberland ス 投稿者:ZisserofNeolf 投稿日:2012/12/24(Mon) 03:04 ねまき 流行する ピッタリ べルト 人気が高い 柔らか [11581625] timberland ス 投稿者:ZisserofNeolf 投稿日:2012/12/24(Mon) 03:04 ねまき 流行する ピッタリ べルト 人気が高い 柔らか Gdm 451 instek pst-3202 Несимметричный фильм о гравитации последняя сцена в мстителях Поиск в колледже afscheidscadeautjes Тип аккумулятора suunto t6c Zumba gh edition видео de chistes William luna lo nuevo 2014 1040 Daliana martins recife antigo April 25, 1945. Score 80. Will consist of small utilities and larger applications which share a consistent look and feel. Customization. EU VI ESSE BLOG / I SAW THIS BLOG http://www. org, a friendly and active Linux Community. Scopri tutto ciò che Scribd ha da offrire, inclusi libri e audiolibri dei maggiori editori. 19. A trobatrefugi dins lo campestre ont pèrd de terren cada jorn. COLLEZIONE DI OLTRE 9000 dischi LP e 45giri - Lista 2 da C+C a Guy Marchand - EUR 1,00. www. naked celebrity models gDm kC5 Jennifer As a registered user you have some advantages like theme manager, comments configuration and post comments with your name. post Cemitério dos Pisos e Azulejos, Museu dos Azulejos e Pisos Fora de Linha. Comm. 1 1 2016 1537922 291. com/ juhaku/loginized. Cam. tcz alsa-config. top 017. top 012. Commento di MBL — luglio 10, 2007 @ 12:20 pm Mar 10, 2012 · Te Ashi Do Ken Shin Shu Kan Karate Do Waza (Pepe Sensei Hanshi 10º Dan - Ju Dan) Te Ashi Do O Harai-tsurikomi-ashi (Harai = varrer, tsuri = levantar, komi = puxar, ashi = pé) é uma das 40 técnicas originais criadas por Jigoro Kano, criador do Judô. Ennio Morricone (born November 10, 1928) is an Italian composer famous for his work on the spaghetti westerns of Sergio Leone, particularly The Good, the Bad and the Ugly. Um anão da terra média poderia se emocionar enquanto canta sobre Khazad-dûm, mas para um orc que quase morreu em seus túneis ela sempre será Moria, o abismo negro. 24 comments. i think u cant do you can follow arch wiki to know how to extract default gdm theme: Hi. 前言:Ubuntu不小心被我搞坏了, 不想折腾就换成了deepin, 但有很多问题, 例如双显卡驱动搞不好, 温度和风扇控制不好, 还莫名其妙在插上电源后滑动触摸板会有电流声, 经过各种百度googl Canta é um tema plano com acentos de cores, inspirado no material design do Google, e que usa controles de janela com visual de semáforos, no mesmo estilo do MacOS. rpm 03-Jun-2017 12:33 29210082 0ad-data você viu, está vendo, ou ainda verá. November 14, 2010 admin 9 Comments. m. Ultimate Maia GTK3 Themes. Buuf Plasma Full Icon Themes. Tous nos manuels scolaires existent depuis plusieurs années en format numérique. Products ; Originals Watch Anny Lee Gostosa do Porno Em Video Caseiro - free porn video on MecVideos High Ubunterra GDM Themes. ¿Y cual es la tuya? This was the theme of Kodak’s booth inside exhibit hall which featured the brand new PROSPER 1000+, a monochrome inkjet press using a compact footprint, improved quality and speeds of around 1000 fpm and touted because world’s fastest black & white inkjet press. I cant seem to run your script. the file /usshare/gnome-shell/theme/Yaru/gnome-shell. 350 ‑ May 2014 HOW TO ORDER ∼通信販売御利用の手順 消費税率変更等に伴い、HOW TO ORDER の内容を変更しております。 Lists. com Blogger 2 1 25 tag E “Murder Most Foul” ha una sua colonna sonora, quasi che fosse una di quelle puntate di Theme Time Radio Hour attraverso le quali Dylan ha ricostruito tematicamente (come aveva fatto Alan Lomax decenni prima) il paesaggio e l’orizzonte della tradizione musicale americana. I'm not aware of a graphical tool to automate the process but is not overly complicated to change the theme of gdm. once you do that, you just have to make sure the desired theme is selected. 04. tcz ace-of-penguins. com/daniruiz/flat-remix/issues with some screenshots. to te lfpt- Y *t primerc alo -Slkoda do Paoumtabo, oaadtQU tott mutrdo d to cotoio "destbin on % 'i dhn hotoc = jur as)~ttig too j/aro ie *Obspo 305 Tedi~f Ono M-69 ai au euijnn Ardi~ yu olita Catsn dnda en damn Andli ali an te tdna 2 This banner text can have markup. Found this theme at gnome-look. Joined : Mar 22 2007. txt), PDF File (. Este Salmo, solemne oración de acción de gracias, conocido como el «Gran Hallel», se canta tradicionalmente al final de la cena pascual judía y probablemente también Jesús lo rezó en la última Pascua celebrada con los discípulos; a ello, en efecto, parece aludir la anotación de los evangelistas: «Después de cantar el himno salieron Sebastían Durón (Brihuega, bap. Dictionary - Free ebook download as Text File (. com,1999:blog-5255487900992573299. rpm 19-Mar-2015 00:09 Muito mais do que documentos. 04 Xenial. 1 1 2016 1540577 277. Exact hits Package gdm. You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. and Forctgw Hwlft justice today, for Site Name Site Country Continent 01 Art Services Ltd Unstated 012 Kave Zahav 012 Smile 013 Netvision 018 Xphone 02B Sl 02elf Travel GmbH & Co KG GERMANY Apr 28, 2011 · O GDM significa o "Grupo Desportivo da Mouraria", onde se situa a "Catedral do Fado", salão amplo onde cantava o Fernando Maurício e muitos outros, ao longo de muito tempo, num espaço dedicado ao fado e também à transmissão da força e da boa vontade do fado em relação às pessoas que mas precisam. 19 Replies I meant to say: Why it CANT be done graphically. tcz alsa-dev. E son pas las escòlas agenesas que prendràn la relèva. 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2020.07.24 08:47 Cicero1982 Your Pre Market Brief for 07/24/2020

Pre Market Brief for Friday July 24th 2020

You can subscribe to the daily 4:00 AM Pre Market Brief on The Twitter Link Here . Alerts in the tweets will direct you to the daily 4:00 AM Pre Market Brief in this sub.
Morning Research and Trading Prep Tool Kit
The Ultimate Quick Resource For the Amateur Trader.
Updated as of 3:30 AM EST
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Stock Futures:
Thursday 07/23/2020 News and Markets Recap:
Friday July 24th 2020 Economic Calendar (All times are Eastern)
(Home Sales and Oil Rig Count Today)
News Heading into Friday July 24th 2020
NOTE: PLEASE DO NOT YOLO THE VARIOUS TICKERS WITHOUT DOING RESEARCH. THE TIME STAMPS ON THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES MAY BE LATER THAN OTHERS ON THE WEB. THE CREATOR OF THIS THREAD COMPILED THE FOLLOWING IN A QUICK MANNER AND DOES NOT ATTEST TO THE VERACITY OF THE INFORMATION BELOW. YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR VETTING YOUR OWN SOURCES AND DOING YOUR OWN DD.
COVID-19 Stats and News:
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Most Recent SEC Filings
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2020.07.18 17:59 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (2/11 to 2/17)

What exactly is the deal behind NOT getting married in the military? I’ve often seen people say don’t do it and it seems like it’s become a meme at this point too. Talked to my brother on the phone and that’s one of the pieces of advice he gave me lmao.
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So here’s the situation. I’m in the Guard, I deployed in March in 2018 and returned last week. In February of 2018 my job at a hospital sent me a letter saying they fired me while I was on duty at drill. What happened was they messed up the schedule and didn’t give me off for drill. Obviously I went to drill and they fired me for it. What do I do now? How can I attack them?
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Hey gang, Air Force guy here, considering applying to become a 153A because helos are dope and the Air Force is lame and won't bring back WOs. Done some basic research on the process, it looks like bureaucracy hell. Was wondering if anyone here could give some insight into things, like what I should look at doing first, etc. Thanks!
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I'm considering joining relatively soon. I'm 19 with a kid. Outside of having a kid, what are some reasons to join? What are reasons not to? I've been told recruiters lie and make it all seem nice and cozy - and I talked to one tonight and did just that. What things should I consider before I make a decision?
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Reenlist, Reclass or Get out. So, I'm a certed out the ass 25B E5(P) who has A+, Net+ Sec, CySA+ Linux+ CCNA, CCNA Sec with Bachelors. I'm trying to figure out what I said above. As it stands trying to get an ALC date as a 25B is just wait 3 years. While I twiddle my thumbs and watch myself make points every month till the HRC gods determine I'm good enough. Suffice to say it’s frustrating looking at your NCOER that says promote to SSG immediately knowing that you can't do anything else to move up but wait. I like keeping my career in my own hands. Thus, I'm debating between 17C or fort couch and joining my contractors in my shop. As I genuinely believe I have a very sellable skill set. What’s stopping me from getting out and taking that 100k job a year? (Very real as a network engineer in the DMV area) So glorious army reddit that I ghost upon while ignoring your tickets at work. Re-enlist, Reclass or get out?
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Evening, sirs,
I'm fresh to the site and the Services, having created this account to make this post a couple of hours after going through MEPS and swearing in.
I enlisted today as an E1 in the National Guard (Army). MOS 15 Tango if anyone's interested. What can y'all tell me about Fort Jackson in South Carolina? I ship in July (it'll be hotter than Lucifer's taint i know) and I wanted to do some research beforehand.
Spare no detail! I'll take the good, bad, and ugly without it having any effect on my view of the service.
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Is there a maximum height limit for 19k
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Hey, I'm an 11B going 35M and have some questions if anyone can answer them. E4 Guard baby 7 years, waiting on E5 since I was told the receiving unit has a handful of 35M E4 slots but no E5 slots. I am still under contract for a few years which is my main hurdle right now but the Readiness NCO at receiving unit is a good friend willing to push me through along with my CO. I did a little sit down with their CO (O4) and a few E6-7 types so it wasn't just some 5 talking out his ass.
That being said most of my questions are DLAB and DLI related, I've read all the threads over the past year but answers vary wildly on some things.
I was told to get at least a 105 on my DLAB to get in but a higher score would obviously help my situation of needing to grease a couple grooves. I'm trying to go for Russian ideally, they said they have slots for pretty much anything CAT 3 or higher and I could choose test scores provided. I've looked at the study guides and felt like I grasped everything but the pictures fairly well and I realize it's kind of just a gut test anyways.
More questions regarding DLI though. I was told it'd be a PCS and I'd have to live off base, I'm not married (girlfriend) and don't have dependents so I fucking severely doubt this and sounds like baby green shit. I'm a gym rat and am trying to get back into BJJ/Judo, it will be a good chance to cut my pc gaming habit down to healthy levels but what's the realistic expectation for time outside of classroom and study obligations? I was never that good of a studier but I was able to bullshit my way to B's and C's and am a good test taker.
What's the general day like for non-IET nerds at DLI? Would I be able to drive my truck down from up north? Tons of people talk shit about being a 35M on here but I assume they're active since all the Guard Mike nerds I know love their job. I'd also have the ability to get attached to the locally sourced ODA up here on the Guard side, anyone have experience being a Mike supporting those dudes? I assume they expect a higher fitness level but not sure if I'd have to go through jump/SFAS. I definitely want to do SERE school and any other.... "higher learning" schools in this lane like debriefer. It seems like the unit I am going to has some foot draggers not wanting to MOS-Q or DLI or do any kind of TDY/Deployment which I am stir crazy for after 7 years of Infantry with no deployment patch. I have a $60k/year civvy job but I am kind of tapped out without a 4 year degree in the field so I'm not super worried about leaving for a bit. Have had S clearance since enlist date but nothing I can think of would stop me from a TS, plan to get it started after I get in the chute to the next unit.
Appreciate any and all insight and no I am not going to fuck any of the IET students and am not that much of a drinker (any more). Thanks boys.
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I just graduated college and am thinking about enlisting or going to OCS. Recruiter told me that I would go in as an E4 if I enlist. What are the pros and cons of each?
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I've signed my contract and I go to Ft. Jackson in July and Ft. Huachuca for AIT. Is there anything I should or shouldn't bring to basic to make my life easier? I've seen a few videos of the bag shakedown but I'm not sure how realistic those are. Really any tips to avoid any unnecessary bullshit is appreciated. So far I've been told "Don't volunteer for anything. You're actually volunteering for extra PT." Which is the best advice yet.
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Recently found out I need glasses, don't know anything about. I'd like to know which frames would be best suited for the field or the toughest frames yall think would be good to have?
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So....I am very new to the military life and what all in entails. I mean I know things here and there growing up in a military city and having a couple friends in the military but nothing regarding what I am looking to do. So I am sure as most young(er) men are, they want to do the super secret, infantry, lets blow shit up stuff. Kind of something I have always wanted to do as well and if you don't try you'll never know kind of thing.
I have been talking to my recruiter for the past couple weeks getting everything squared away, talking about jobs and potential MOS routes that I could go. My goal would be 18D (SF Medical Sergeant), that is more along the lines of my end-game, what I am shooting for.
I scored fairly high on the ASVAB so I don't believe I am limited in any way shape or form. So that being said, what my recruiter and I have been talking about is: What interests me, what pathways I have available, and what is the most efficient/logical/best (whatever you want to call it) route to 18D. Sure there is the 18X contract being a direct pipeline into SF but it didn't seem practical in terms of the "what if" scenario, being washed out and potentially reclassed into some bullshit.
So what I have been looking at is going the 68W (Combat Medical Specialist) route with Airborne in my contract and just picking up qualifications as I go and wherever they open up (ie. Ranger School).
or
11X w/ Option 40 route and going about it all that way.
So far all I have seen is everyone infantry is absolutely miserable, it' shit, you get no where, you do nothing, it all sucks, fuck life. Is it truly that bad? Is that really a shit route for me to take in terms of my end goal or where I would like to be? or is it practical? OR is the 68W the better of the two options? Just trying to do all my homework here before I go signing on the dotted line because the recruiter said "Yessir, this shit is a good plan, good luck!"

PS. I think Airborne is cool as shit, but I am definitely nervous/scared as shit haha. Just heard so much about accidents being related to improper safety checks. I understand it IS a requirement, so I WILL do it but if anyone has any tips on how to relax the fuck out that helped them. Feel free to let me know.
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Will I find out when I go to boot camp at meps?
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Hey all, I was wondering if anyone else had this issue. So I’m about to ETS and I have applied to a few police departments back home. One department sent me medical waiver that needs to get filled out by a doctor(essentially all it needs is for them to take my blood pressure and pulse before and after 3 minutes of jumping jacks). I went to my primary care and he won’t do it because it is not covered by Tricare. I tried pulling out all the stops and getting a referral to another doctor but they are going to charge me 500$ for the appointment. Anyone else have to deal with this issue? I feel like this should fall under free healthcare for the army. Thanks in advance
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I'm going into the Army Reserves in less than 2 months and will be turning 18 in June. As a teen I've battled homelessness and an unstable household with parents who partaked in Alchol or drug abuse. I've since wanted to distance myself and made the leap of faith to enroll in university where I went into debt and had to return back to my parent's house.
Only reason I didn't choose active duty was because I would have to wait to leave and I need to leave urgently
My parents gave me a month to leave even though my processing for the military is taking longer and I was in need of a place to stay.
I chose the reserves route so when I graudate bootcamp and return to my hometown I'm able to enroll in community college and have my own apartment. My plan is to use my savings from boot camp and A.I.T to secure an apartment, Apply for jobs (Temp agencies, use the Pays program through the service, as well as work studies, and utilizing side gigs combined with the Army Reserve Income)
I will use the bus to make appointments, Lyft, bike and eventually get my license and start driving , because Insurance will probably be high for me at the moment and I want to save as much as possible.
I'm planning on shopping on post and use discounts to afford Groceries as well as Save a lot.
My only issue is that I need to find a renter or contractor who rents to adults without credit and no renter's history seeing I would be only 18 and may or may not need a cosigner.
I've been looking for a list of apartments and places around Cincinnati Ohio with apartments or townhouses 570-750 a month and was hoping I could find an agency that would work with me.
I want to have atleast some options lined up.
Are there any suggestions that you guys could offer or things that I'm missing so I can make a safe transition.
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For the people who have been to Schofield in Hawaii, how viable do you think a bike would be as a primary means of transportation? I plan on dropping a packet within a year from now so I don’t see the point in shipping my truck there, but at the same time I don’t want to rely on carpooling or UbeTaxis every time I want to go somewhere.
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Any advice for getting in the best shape possible for the PFT? I workout two days a week (other than pushups/sit-ups/pull-ups every day) shipping out in the next month or two. Running regiment anyone? Thank you!
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Hi so I'm headed to pensacola for ait. Was prior service been out for 2 years. Am I getting issued uniforms there or will I just run nude around base. Game for either
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I'm currently at ait for 68w and I put bragg as my number 1 desired duty station. What are the odds i actually get it?
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What is the typical cutoff above the -8.0 diopter limit for vision waivers?
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I noticed/realized Marines often roll their sleeves up. Are army soldiers allowed to roll their sleeves? For some reason I got the impresson that only the 82BN Rangers and Marines could.
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I'm applying to OCS right now. If I am ultimately accepted, what would the timeline look like?
  1. Basic (10 weeks ?)
  2. OCS (12 weeks ?)
I'm looking to go into Intelligence. Assuming I graduate from both, I'm currently under the impression that I will attend BOLC B (BOLC A is included in OCS right?) for intelligence for about 5 months.
After graduating BOLCB, would I start working straight away? Is there a wait time before I would be able to start work?

How long does it usually take after graduating from basic to go to OCS?
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This question is more education and GI Bill based. I'm eligible for the Post 9/11 but have never used it, I am currently a guardsman just using Tuition Assistance. The 15 year timeline to use the GI Bill once separating from active duty, did that timeline start whenever I came off of active orders? And if I re-enlist or go Active will my 15 year timeline reset? I haven't found any clear answers on the VA website and was curious if anyone had any experience or answers.
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Not sure if this fits here but oh well.
Had a NCO fail tape, 7 months after being removed from the program.
According to 600-9; 3-14
a. If a Soldier again exceeds the body fat standard within 12 months after release from the ABCP, a DA Form 268 will be initiated on the Soldier. The Soldier will undergo a medical evaluation (at own expense for RC not on active duty).
(1) If the Soldier is found to have a temporary medical condition that prevents weight or body fat loss, the commander will follow the requirements of paragraph 3–11.
(2) If no underlying medical condition is found, the commander will initiate separation action, bar to reenlistment, or transfer to the IRR per paragraph 3–1
I'm looking to do a Bar to Continued service instead of a separation, but I can not find any information on someone being barred for re-entering the program, only being separated.
My train of thought is
  1. Initiate DA Form 268 (I'm not sure which code, but im assuming the separation one?
  2. Request medical eval and wait for results
  3. Initiate bar to continued service
So when i initiate the bar, do i remove the separation flag or keep it on until he overcomes the bar?
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So Branch has informed me that I'm going to be pending Recruiter duty, since I'm due for a broadening assignment. Nothing on ASK or ATTRS or ERB yet. Thing is, I don't even think I'm eligible? I had some BH visits back in 2014 for SHARP-related reasons and I always figured that would disqualify me from USAREC assignments. So the question is - how does this whole DA Select process for recruiter even work? Is it worth mentioning the BH visits to my Branch Manager or is it just going to look like I'm trying to get out of the assignment? Is it going to be a huge pain to put together some huge packet only to be rejected at the end?
Side note - I'm about to deploy overseas. Is this even the kind of thing I can put together while away from my home station?
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What will I need for WOCS and flight school?
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What steps do I need to take to be guaranteed a waiver for asthma for joining the army. Without lying
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RE3, JFV, Honorable. Had family issue that caused crisis.
Great deal of shame for leaving early and loved the military lifestyle and looking to get back in. Lost 150 pounds so far to do so, and currently awaiting med records to throw in my packet for recruiter.
In my packet I have a sports physical signoff, mental health signoff, references from current and previous employers showing a track record of achievement and excellences, and references from decorated servicemembers both active and retired (Navy fighter pilot, retired O-6, retired O-5, as well as a litany of personal references. I also got an Associate's in CS since then.
Is there anything else in my power that I can do to ensure success or inspire my recruiter to really go to bat for me?
Do my odds at a glance seem good?
Edit: Med records I'm waiting for aren't for any disability or illness. They're just needed to cover all bases for my waiver.
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Newly enlisted here, shipping march 5th. Im 24 years old going active duty as a 25Q mainly due to fascination with electronics. Just had some questions for the signal corps. What's a typical work day like? Do you get deployed alot? Is Fort Gordan really that bad or is it just teenagers complaining about rules? Are there any particular post they like concentrating you in, or are you all over the place? Is the meme about you doing each others' jobs true? I plan on using tution assistance for online Louisville classes to become an officer down the road, but was just curious what the next six years of my life might be like. Thanks in advance.
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I got maxillofacial surgery a little over a year ago and I broke my wrist (super small hairline fracture) back in September 2018. However since November 2018 I’ve continued my training in full force in judo and other contact martial arts. Is it still possible to be disqualified and would my best route be to get a waiver?
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I'm going 35G this summer after I graduate high school. Anyone know what the promotion rate is for people in 35 series? I've hear mixed messages from different people. Some say it's super slow others that it's fast. Nothing I can do if the promotion rate is shit, but it's good to know.
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Just a quick question about 15W (UAV Operator).
I am headed up to MEPS soon and this is one of my top choices; but I can't find much information about the day-to-day job duties (realistically speak not just the spiel the GoArmy page lists).
Is anyone here currently 15W, know of anyone who is, or have any familiarity with it?
EDIT: The posts I found in here by searching are all too old to reply to with this follow-up question: is it as mind numbingly boring as they say? And even if it is, do you feel the work you did was rewarding?
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Reserves or national guard after my initial active commitment? I am 20 and plan on doing 3 and then potentially re-enlisting for another active stint but will have to cross that bridge when I come to it.. just interested to see yalls thoughts positive and negative in regards to both
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I saw one post saying that for the woft application, meeting the board is no longer a part of the process. Was wondering if any recruiters can confirm this. I only saw the one post so I dont know how true it is.
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Anyone work at the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command? I'm looking at a civilian job that popped up there.
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A question about tour curtailment. I'm a 25A stationed in Okinawa, JP with 1-1 ADA with a 3 year tour. I know according to HRC that I am "moveable" at 24 months on station. I've been here a year but I'd like to move out of the ADA world and into the signal world to get branch specific experience before I head to CCC. While doing so I'd like to experience a CONUS assignment attached to a combat arms unit, something like 4ID. From what I know, in order to take a shot at making something like this happen I need to contact my branch manager sometime before 24 months on station and ask about a curtailment, what my CONUS options are and if it benefits the Army to move me. Is there any other advice I should know? I am leaning towards exiting the Army after my 4 year commitment but if I get an early CCC date I may stay. Thanks!
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I got a 97 on the ASVAB. Life was good and MEPS was coming to an end. I could have picked any MOS I wanted.
I decided 74D sounded pretty good. I've always had a drive for the sciences so a MOS that had anything to do with chemistry, biology, radiology, and radiation was great, let alone all 4! Signed the dotted line and went home.
Is being a CBRN really that bad? From what I've read I have made a major fuck up. Most people have said that chem is basically a useless and deadend MOS. Always wanted to be an officer but it seems that chem officers are basically the laughing stock of the army.
A few people have said it's pretty cool but those people were few and far between.
Was pretty disapointed in my decision (its what i get for doing my research afterwards I know) but I'm holding out for hope that there's a silver lining somewhere here. Did I throw away a few years of my life, or is 74D reedemable in some way?
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I know it depends on the unit to some degree, but in a more broad sense is Infantry cracked up to be what it seems? Are you guys actually training and drilling or is 80% of the things you guys do involve cleaning or some chore.
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Decided to actually sit down and read the terms and conditions of the G.I. Bill and realized they got rid of the 15 year time limit in 2013. Great! That means I can start dipping into it to pay for certification exam vouchers without needing CIO/G6 approval.
Has anyone been using this? They have over 2000 licenses and certifications available on the VA website. I can't see any more, but there are definitely more.
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Any advice on 68W school, maybe what to expect, what is expected of us, etc etc? What is life like afterwards? From my understanding I could be doing just about ANYTHING regarding medicine. (ie. doing very very basic things in a hospital setting to being attached to an infantry unit and actually doing the trauma/combat portion of my scope of practice. Is there anything I can do to increase my odds of being attached to an infantry unit? I would like to do Air Assault if at all possible, I just have to figure out how to get into the school (I assume it's basically they ask if anyone wants to go and people volunteer??)

Little background:
I am 27 years old, ran on a medic for about 2.5 years, worked in the ER for about 2.5 years as well. IVs, EKGs, all BLS capabilities with some surface knowledge of pharmacology/medicine from just being in the field. Been through Anatomy & Physiology 1 and 2. Taken pharmacology and pathophysiology. I also have my State and NREMT-B certification if that is of any help. PHTLS card.
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I’m planning on enlisting this summer. Looking to sign with an option 40 contract (I want to go into special operations). I’m 25 (will be 26 when I join). What’s the likelihood of me getting that opportunity? I’m I considered old for this community? I scored a 97 on the ASVAB and was told I could ask for pretty much any MOS but I only want an infantry position and from all the guys I’ve talked to, I know I’ll enjoy my time the most in a combat role and specifically in any form of special operations.
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I'm still at a lost for my contract I'm really hellbent on getting an Op 40 in my contract. But I keep hearing conflicting information saying 11X is your best shot at an Op 40 contract, and others saying a support MOS is better because they want more support rangers which is true ?
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Afternoon! I ship out in a little over 2 weeks and was contacted about setting up an appointment at my recruiters office to do a clearance interview. I reserved 15T and was under the impression that there wasn't a clearance involved. I didnt think to ask what level this was going for (he did say it would take an hour, hour and a half) and was just curious if this is normal. Recruiter seemed rather surprised but wasn't concerned about it.
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So, I am looking into enlistment, most likely reserves, and I would like to be a mechanic. My question is whats the difference between tracked vehicle repairer (91H) and Abrams systems maintainer (91A). Does the tracked vehicle repairer also repair tanks or do I have to be a systems maintainer to work on tanks?
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I'm planning to join the army within the next year or so.
I have 2 questions.
How often and/or when do u have times to learn the knowledge that you have to memorize at BCT, (ie Soldier creed, chain of command,ect) Is there places for the most part where I could study before hand?
2nd question is: Is there another place that I could get more details of the MOS's, other than the goarmy website?
I'm interested in alot of the communications/technology ones. (25L, 25S, 17C to name some specifics) I know some of them require a security clearance so idk how much I'd be able to find out what the job is like. Related, is it difficult to get said clearance in general?
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i gave my recruiter my medical record n did the paperwork in dec 2018 and he hasn’t sent me to take the test yet.. what’s taking so long?? Couple of weeks ago he said to call in a week for an update (because I would call and see how’s the process is going)and when I called he didn’t answer. What can I do to speed up the process? Can I ?
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I’m 31, very out of shape, have tattoos on both forearms, and screws/plate in my ankle from a break 10 years ago.
However, I have a degree in Poli Sci with honors, and when I took the ASVAB in high school I recall getting a score in the 99th percentile. I have skills in training, writing, marketing, and political communications.
Is there a place in the army for me?
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Is it still possible to do the 14 week OSUT or is everyone forced to do the 22 week one for infantry?
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I need the army regulation pertaining to whether or not your leadership can order you to provide your personal bank statement. I heard from another NCO that they are not allowed to unless you're under investigation
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I’m national guard, graduating the 68W course in a few weeks. I plan on going active duty after my guard contract is up, but I want to go to rasp when I do. Is this possible? How does the process work?
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I am going to MEPS soon, I would like to do 35F (Intelligence Analyst). My ASVAB score qualified me for it (though let's be honest the ASVAB is pretty easy if you have any common sense).
However; I received a DWAI over two years ago. A DWAI is a non criminal traffic violation, NOT a misdemeanor. I went to and successfully completed alcohol counseling.
I need to sign a 'moral waiver' for the DWAI. But I need a TS-SCI clearance for this job.
The only thing precluding me from this MOS (35F) is the wording of 'minor traffic violation'. My NYS drivers abstract is completely clean, and I've never had a single speeding ticket/violation aside from this DWAI (which is a BAC below the legal limit but failing the field sobreity test (which is hard when you're supposed to walk in a straight line towards disorienting flashing roof lights and high beams).
Anyone have experience with security clearance/waivers who could share their thoughts regarding my situation?
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Hi everyone! I am interested in joining the army. I am a recent college grad. I have two bachelor's degrees; one in biochem., the other in environmental science. I would be interested in using my college education in the army--I've read that they employ scientists. Has anyone here worked in such a role? How has your experience differed as a result? Thanks for the info! :)
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I just recently joined the guard. I plan on after basic training if my unit isn’t scheduled for a deployment I would like to volunteer for a deployment. I’m 11b if that helps in any way. But my main question is do you only get deployments patches for certain places? And what is the coolest deployment location? Sorry I’m still wet behind the ears on this stuff so if anything is weird sounding or misguided please educate me :).
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Do they automatically update OML for BLC? Or do I have to go to w/e S3 to do that? I have been trying to go to BLC for almost a year. Every time I check with my leadership or orderly room, they just told me to wait for an Attrs Email for a slot. With my 550 points, I thought I was gonna get a slot easily. Somehow, it is not happening, and I am out of time because of an upcoming deployment if we go. I have seen soldiers from my mos got a slot with 200ish points last year. So I feel like either I am not on that list, or something is wrong.
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Hey, I'm graduating high school this year and looking to join the reserves with a 68W MOS. As I need to go to university, I know that there's a "split" option for the reserves so I could do BCT this summer with AIT the next right? Also the AIT for 68W is pretty long, and heard that if you get EMT certified you can skip the first half of AIT, so if I became certified during the school year I can reduce the training to about 8-9 weeks instead of the 16-18? I'm willing to take a semester off to do AIT, but if I could finish the whole thing in the summer instead that would be much preferred. I'll be talking to a recruiter soon, but just wanted to get a couple things cleared up so I know what to expect.
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So I hear 35M sucks ass big time and I should just try the Air Force for something similar because it's legitimately so bad, and doesn't even train you in it that much. I'm inclined to believe that's true, but the job still at least sounds interesting, so really, tell me why I would be stupid for doing it and why 35F or P is probably a better option. That said, if I go 35M I'm taking the op40 because it seems stupid not to
Alternatively, I could put in a packet for WOFT and probably actually not hate myself but I haven't explored that option at all, really.
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Few questions
I leave for bct before registration opens for fall classes (ARNG), whats the chance Ill be allowed to sign up for classes?
I read you get more freedom at AIT are you able to go to the px or off base?
What do you wish you knew before gking to BCT?
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I’m still waiting to get approved for meps
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Here's a pickle.
Can you do a TDY En Route to a Dependent Restricted tour, PCSing your family to the TDY location at the same time, or would family have to remain at the first duty station as a PCS wasn't authorized?
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For people who have done Sapper Leadership Course: What does the schedule look like the first few days with the PT test/layout/ruck? When do you do the 5-mile run? How much sleep do you get during phase 1 and is there any 'free time' at all?
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Where can I find a list of niche schools or courses to attend (e.g. Master Fitness Trainer)? Any recommendations?
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where can i find the coorespondence that states that initial elegible (pz) SPC's are REQUIRED to go to the board?
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I’m 16 I’m gonna graduate high school in 2021 should I be afraid of any wars starting when I join?
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submitted by Army_Bot to ArmyWQT [link] [comments]


2020.07.18 17:49 Army_Bot Summary For: Weekly Question Thread (5/27 to 6/2)

Looking to join the army next year. Live in Switzerland, am citizen of both Switzerland and the States. Did basic training in the Swiss army. Now studying to become a translator, speak English, German, French and Russian fluently. Do I have any chance of joining? Did some research online, but couldn't find much.
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Hello all! I was thinking of going into the 17C MOS when I enlist on December of this year. I've been working in various help desk/Level 2 IT positions for the past 4/5 years. Does anyone have any advice that I should brush up on in regards to the ICTL? I've been brushing up on Network+/Security+ material in anticipation for these type of questions. Is this type of studying overkill for this exam (i.e. did it just comprise of just basic IT/Computer knowledge)?
I am just not sure if I am overthinking the difficulty of this exam or if I am on the right route with my studies. Thanks for any input, I just want to make sure that I can snag this MOS in order to further my IT career (past the basic help desk that I've been doing these past few years).
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I’m going to BOLC soon but I’m unsure on what patch to wear. I’m assigned to 303 MI BN so would I wear the 504 MI Brigade patch or I don’t wear anything at BOLC or their school’s patch?
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O-1, IET PL. Have an ADSO at FT. Lewis to fulfill after my 12-month obligations at IET. I am excited to go to fort Lewis however when I ADSOd to Lewis I was in a much different situation than I am today. Obviously this was a dumbass cadet mistake, which I won't make again. But what are the chances of switching the ADSO to Germany? I figure it's worth a shot with branch manager.
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Can you wear cat eyes on your pc in garrison?
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If you have a ranger scroll, do you also wear an airborne tab? You have to be airborne qualified to go ranger so are you given both?
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Need some help on a preparation for basic training question... someone in my family is about to graduate high school (mid June) and has been telling everyone he is going into the army. He has been a problem to his family for several years and has been told for the past year that he must find a new living situation after graduation (he’s nearly 19). When his father asked him about the status of his acceptance today, he said that the army is asking that his father write a letter about the prior mental health issues of his mother (man’s ex wife). I think the kid is just stalling for time. I think he has no intention of actually enlisting. My questions are: what is the timeline for basic training? Is it possible to not have an “acceptance” in place and still start training in two weeks? Would a father be asked to write a letter about his ex wife’s mental health history? Is there some sort of formal notification he could provide to his family to show that he has been accepted to the army? Or if this letter is truly the item preventing his acceptance?
It may be important to note that he received a score of 17 on the asvab and was (supposedly) given an oral exam by the recruiter which he passed and was substituted for the written exam score. This whole thing seems suspicious to me.
Thanks for your help.
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Is it worth it to enlist as MP (31B)? Also, will the army assist me with transitioning to MPO (31A) once I'm in ; and how difficult is it to do so?
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First off, thank you for any knowledge anyone can relay to me. It is much appreciated. My other half is currently an Army Reservist and has been for a little over a year. His unit doesn’t have any open slots for his current MOS(welding), so his unit is making him reclass and he agreed to after August as a mechanic. He has also expressed interest in going active duty and going to Airborne school and/or air assault (his ultimate goal is to go to air assault). He has looked into ranger and other options, but has his heart set on air assault. He never put it in his original contract when they asked, therefore he knows it’ll be difficult. He has looked into it and found going Airborne then to air assault is the easier than strait air assault. He hasn’t found much on switching and going to Airborne school. He knows his chances of going to Airborne school as a reservist is slim to none b/c his unit is a medical unit. He really wants to do air assault but doesn’t want to have to travel 3 hours to a different reserve base once a month, he would rather just go active and stay active. My question is how hard is it to go from Army reservist to active and Airborne school? What are the requirements/processes to do so? He knows he has to fill out the DD368 and go through all the paperwork. He seems to want this pretty bad so he will do what he has to in order to get it. Any help would be much appreciated. Thank you!
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Do I need a valid drivers license to ship as a 09W?
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Will I be tested for Hep C at Meps or Reception?
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Can anyone shed some light on RCN: 3497534? It was on my reenlistment contract that I signed in order to reclass. Is it in reference to a particular class? I'd ask my retention NCO but I can't because reasons.
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Currently thinking of joining in as a 35P. curious to what bonuses people are getting. was told 40k but has anyone been offered this?
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Officially sworn into dep for a 68w opt 4 contract, I dont goto jump school until March-April of 2020, Ive read up about the 42 perfect form pushups and the same thing for situps but what is running like? I can run 3 miles just fine, my two mile time is at 15:30-16:00 but my recruiter said start running for 5.
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Have a Soldier who joined doing MAVNI, got told he can't do 25D because of being MAVNI. I found that you cant do 17C after being MAVNI, but what about 25D or 17E?
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How long is 13B ait? I tried googling and keep getting an answer of 5wks and 7wks.
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If in already an lpn would i need to go to 68c AIT
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I am going to join the Army, and I have a lot of decisions to make. I have a Bachelors and want to get my Master’s while serving. Can you share your experience with going to college while serving AD? If I decided to do a combat MOS would it be feasible to go to school, or would I be spending too much time doing FTXs and other training? I want to take advantage of TA as much as possible, so I can later on use my GI Bill for a Doctorate or just pass it on to my kiddo.
PS. I have spoken to my recruiter who said his PSG did his masters while AD, but he was a recruiter while he did it. I am interested if it is possible to do it in an 11 or 92 series. He wasn’t really clear when talking about it.
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I got a FLIPL with that says I have 30 days to request reconsideration or pay based upon the date of the memorandum. However I received the memorandum almost three months to the day after the date of the memorandum. Am I fucked or can I do something about this?
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for the option 40 contract is airborne after rasp? i know it changed, but i am hearing conflicting experiences . also if you fail rasp do you still have a shot at airborne?
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I'm 25 years old. I weigh 120 lbs at 5'11. Been smoking cigarettes for 15 years. Never ran or joined track. Never lifted weights (regularly). But I decided to talk to a recruiter anyways. He let me take a test asvab I scored high on. Then he let me take the real asvab and I maxxed it out. All my paperwork is in order for me to go to meps next week. My ship date to basic is two months from now. What is the smartest way for me to prepare physically? I ran a quarter mile in 3 and a half minutes admittedly almost dying with my lungs collapsing in on themselves.
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What is the pipeline to becoming a medic in the rangers?
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Currently enlisted as EOD for 4 year contract. Was wondering if anyone knows if army offers a 2 yr EOD enlistment. Was think about renoting my contract but was told that it will be the needs of the army for when I go back up to MEPS and might not get my 89D.
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Is it possible to go into IT or computer related jobs in the Army with a possession of marijuana misdemeanor from a few years ago?
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Any insight on AC/RC assignments? I heard is a nice gig but I'd like real feedback.
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I've heard that the practice asvab they give in recruiters office are harder than the real thing. I just took a practice for the first time and got my score and was wondering what that would equate to on the real one
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I went through the Army Practical Nurse Course in 2005 at Walter Reed. The State of Connecticut wants a form filled out by my Dean or Director of the Nursing program. Who should I contact about getting this information?
https://portal.ct.gov/-/media/Departments-and-Agencies/DPH/dph/practitioner_licensing_and_investigations/plis/nursing/lpn/LPNTheoryClinicalpdf.pdf?la=en
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I just got accepted in the CID program and I am wondering if I need to put in my enlistment contract that I am accepted? Or will they know when I get to 31B OSUT?
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Hey everyone quick question, back in 2013 I suffered an ACL tear, got the surgery and the whole nine to get my knee fixed. Here’s the thing I was looking into the Rangers but I can’t find any real info or options for me. My scar isn’t a huge one that’s isn’t incredibly easy to notice. Should I go for a waiver (my friend was disqualified from airborne due to a past shoulder injury and he had a waiver) or should I completely omit that portion of my medical history?
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Do high school ap classes qualify you for an enlistment promotion? As I have 30 credits in total, and they are college level courses
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Does anyone know if PRK/Lasik or uncorrected 20/20 vision is needed for SF? IE Courses like the Q course, Halo and dive school?
I read that Lasik surgery would be a no-go for higher altitudes due to air pressure. I really don't know how that works.. Can anyone fill me in?
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I plan on going split option next year, so i would end up being reserves. I plan on getting my real estate license in about 1.75 years.
Has anyone ever done real estate sales while being in the reserves?
How did you keep contacts up during a deployment?
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Thoughts on cavalry scout (19D) pipeline? Going to enlist soon and I want to hear a basic rundown of it before I take the asvab.
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I am 25 years old and I am currently assembling a packet for the street to seat warrant officer flight training program. In the packet there is a section where I must write an essay on why I want to be an army aviator. During the brainstorming for the essay I am starting to reconsider why I am trying to join the army.
I have wanted to join the military since I was a kid. Many of my family members are military veterans who served in every major conflict since WWII. When I was in high school I acted out and was sent to a boarding military school for 3 years and when I graduated I had no intentions of living a militant life and just wanted to go to college to party and get laid. Fast forward to now, I ended up dropping out of college for financial reason and I work as a Night club bartender making good money.
Now I am seeking a deeper meaning in life and I want to serve my country. I want to become an aviator because I can serve and I can make the transition to a civilian pilot later in life, also who doesn't want to fly? I took the ASVAB and got a 96. I see that I can enlist as a 18x special forces candidate. That is more appealing to me than any other MOS. I understand the enlisted pay will be much less than WO pay and that it has around a 90+ percent drop out rate for non prior enlisted. I understand that if I don't make it I will most likely be in Infantry. But I am trying to join to serve and be challenged. Prove that I can be elite.
So basically I would like to know if anyone Joined For Patriotic reason and than regretted the decision to do so. Also I would like to know if anyone could give me some incite on enlisting in your mid/late 20's or enlisting into the 18x series vs. becoming a helo pilot.
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This is probably a pie in the sky thing and might be dumb to ask but I might as well go ahead anyway because I haven't really been given a definitive answer yet. Consequently, some of what I say in this post may be hearsay so feel free to set me straight.
Anyway, I've dreamed about being a soldier for a long time. My father was 11B (infantry) for 20+ years and his service plus my general sense of duty and patriotism and wanting to belong to something higher than myself has inspired me to want to join up too. Plus, I will need money for college (I plan on getting a Bachelor's in information technology and am getting educational benefits through my father which will eventually run out). However, things get a little sticky here. I was diagnosed with Asperger's when I was 16 and read in some places that it was a disqualifier. However, I've also read about other people with ASD joining up and excelling. I never went to MEPS or talked to a recruiter or anything like that so again I never got a concrete answer.
Also, my emotional health is a factor. I have been on anti-depressants since I was 16 and went to therapy for suicidal ideations. Now, I feel I am a little more well-adjusted (lifestyle changes and just general self-growth) and would like to not be dependent on meds to function normally. Because my health insurance has run out, I will basically have to come off of them one way or another. As a result, I have had to wean myself off of my anti-depressants. My IRL best friend was an 88M (motor transport operator) in the National Guard and we went to high school with people who were arguably in worse medical situations than myself who joined the Army (and other branches) and they seem to be doing well so he encouraged me to give it a shot.
This is not something I intend to do in the immediate future. I plan on doing this in the next year or two after I finish my Associate's. If this is something that can happen for me, I just plan on going the National Guard route and ideally going in as a 25B (IT specialist) since it is somewhat applicable to what I want to do in the civilian world. Frankly, just the small chance I might be able to do this excites me more than anything else. If this really is just a pie in the sky thing, then of course I will be a bit disappointed but that's life, right? If any of you folks on here can clear some of this stuff up for me, I would be greatly appreciative. Thanks in advance.
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Here's a question. Who approves eye consult dates? I couldn't swear in because I needed an eye consult to find out if I need a waiver or not. Thanks.
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Does the color of ones PT belt matter outside IET environment?
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Prior service back at Benning for infantry osut. Anyone else ever done this? I am heading into black phase Monday. I lost my e5 for not having wlc before ets so I’m a private in their eyes. Wish I could just get out of here...was told at the beginning I could possibly graduate early which isn’t going to happen. I’ve passed everything so far so it’s the company not doing it.
Heading to ft drum in July. Any advice for there?
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Hello, I am currently a second year Biology at a CSU and I want to become a doctor. I also have had a strong desire to be in the military since I was a kid and I know about the reserves. Should I be a medic (68W) or wait until I’m done with undergrad and join when I go to med school? What branch can I join and what is more involved: the Army or Navy? What branch see more action? Thank you!
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https://www.amazon.com/SWISSGEAR-Travel-Gear-Scansmart-Backpack/dp/B0772RGLXL/ref=sr_1_5?keywords=all+black+backpack+laptop&qid=1559043379&s=gateway&sr=8-5
Is this backpack 670-1 compliant? It has a small black logo but I can't really find any with no logos.
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What is the best multitool to get for everyday use and training? Any specific tools besides the obvious knift, pliers, and maybe screwdriver bit?
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How will know where I'm going to boot
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So any prior service guys in active duty army (air force to army) let me know how was your experience.
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2020.06.25 18:25 cranerz Canada NARDIL UPDATE- steady supply of Nardil in the future cannot be guaranteed based on current available information.

LINK: https://healthycanadians.gc.ca/recall-alert-rappel-avis/hc-sc/2020/73411a-eng.php

NARDIL (phenelzine sulfate) Shortage

Report a Concern Starting date: June 24, 2020 Posting date: June 24, 2020 Type of communication: Dear Healthcare Professional Letter Subcategory: Drugs Source of recall:Health Canada Issue: Important Safety Information, Supply Audience: Healthcare Professionals Identification number: RA-73411 Last updated: 2020-06-24

Audience

Healthcare professionals including psychiatrists, general practitioners, pharmacists, and nurses.

Key messages

Issue

Due to a global shortage, availability of NARDIL (phenelzine sulfate) in Canada, manufactured by ERFA Canada 2012 Inc., is expected to be intermittent and a steady supply of the product in the future cannot be guaranteed based on current available information. Phenelzine is currently listed on the Tier 3 list of shortages. Tier 3 shortages are those with the greatest impact on supply and drugs on this list are in high demand or currently in shortage. Health Canada works in collaboration with the provinces and territories, industry and stakeholders to mitigate the impact of Tier 3 shortages on patients and the health care system. Additional information and the latest updates regarding the shortage of NARDIL are available at: drugshortagescanada.ca.

Products affected

NARDIL, Phenelzine Sulfate Tablets USP, 15 mg DIN 00476552.

Background information

NARDIL is a potent monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI) indicated for the treatment of depressed patients clinically characterized as "atypical", "nonendogenous" or "neurotic". NARDIL is indicated for patients who have failed to respond to other drugs more commonly used for these conditions.
Due to a global shortage, NARDIL has been on backorder since March 2020. In March 2020, ERFA Canada 2012 Inc. sent a backorder notification to Health Canada, and a letter to all Canadian pharmacies outlining the importance of informing NARDIL patients and their physicians about the actual shortage and advising them to consider switching to alternative treatments. Supply conditions are expected to remain intermittent and access may not be available. Current shortage information is available at www.drugshortagescanada.ca.

Who is affected

Information for consumers

NARDIL (phenelzine sulfate) is used to treat depression where anxiety or fear is the main symptom and treatment with other drugs has failed.
There is a global shortage of NARDIL and based on current available information, the Canadian product manufacturer cannot guarantee a steady supply in the future. All patients who are treated with NARDIL should consult their healthcare professional as soon as possible in order to discuss alternative treatment options.
Before patients stop taking NARDIL, they need to talk to their healthcare professional. Patients should discuss with their healthcare professional how to safely discontinue NARDIL to minimize discontinuation symptoms and understand what symptoms require medical attention. Patients who suddenly stop taking NARDIL can experience serious side effects within one to three days including nightmares, agitation, psychosis (seeing or hearing things that are not there, or believing things which are not true) and convulsions.
Patients are advised to contact their health care professional and seek medical advice should they experience these side effects or an exacerbation of their underlying disease as soon as possible. Patients should also discuss any questions or concerns with their healthcare professional.

Information for healthcare professionals

Abrupt withdrawal of NARDIL can be associated with an uncommon withdrawal syndrome. Signs and symptoms of this syndrome generally commence 24 to 72 hours after drug discontinuation and may range from vivid nightmares with agitation to frank psychosis and convulsions. This syndrome generally responds to reinstitution of low-dose NARDIL therapy followed by cautious downward titration and discontinuation.
Currently in Canada, there are two other MAOIs available for the treatment of major depressive disorder: Parnate (tranylcypromine) and Manerix (moclobemide). Tranylcypromine is the most similar antidepressant to NARDIL. They both are irreversible old generation MAOIs. Moclobemide is a newer generation and a reversible MAOI. Compared to NARDIL and tranylcypromine, moclobemide treatment has no diet restrictions.
Healthcare professionals are advised to:

Action taken by Health Canada

Health Canada and health care system stakeholders are working with ERFA Canada 2012 Inc. to manage the supply disruption of NARDIL. Health Canada is communicating this important safety information to healthcare professionals and Canadians via the Recalls and Safety Alerts Database on the Healthy Canadians Web Site. This communication will be further distributed through the MedEffect™ e-Notice email notification system as well as social media channels including LinkedIn and Twitter.

Report health or safety concerns

Managing marketed health product-related side effects depends on healthcare professionals and consumers reporting them. Any serious or unexpected side effects in patients receiving NARDIL should be reported to Health Canada.
Erfa Canada 2012 Inc. 8250 BLVD DECARIE, SUITE 110 Montreal, Quebec H4P 2P5 Tel: 1-514-931-3133 Fax: 1-514-931-7330 Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
You can report any suspected adverse reactions associated with the use of health products to Health Canada by:
For other health product inquiries related to this communication, contact Health Canada at:
Marketed Health Products Directorate E-mail: [mhpd_[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]) Telephone: 613-954-6522 Fax: 613-952-7738
Original signed by
Mjellma Hatipi Medical Director Erfa Canada 2012 Inc.
Date modified:2020-06-24

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2020.04.16 23:00 wanderlosttravel The Annapurna Circuit: Trip report and guide (Intro and Part I)

Based on my July 2018 experience
This was not technically an ultralight backpacking trip. However, my experience on this trip was a catalyst to me switching over. I remember the clear difference between two fellow trekkers I met. One carrying 25kg of gear, the other only 7. The former I passed one day struggling up the trail despite him having several hours head start. He looked miserable. The latter never seemed as tired as I was and rarely stopped for breaks. My load was between the two but I wished it was much lighter.
This is also not a backpacking trip in the traditional sense. No tents or sleeping pads. Beds every night. You don’t cook your own food either. However, you could do those things on this trip as several other backpackers that I met attested. Regardless, it is an adventure that I think the ultralight community will appreciate as we all long to be back in the wilderness. Also worth noting: I am not sponsored by anyone. Any recommendation is simply based on my experience. No free gear was received in exchange for mentioning it. All of the links are for general information and are not affiliates of mine.
This is just part one of a two part series since I can't only post so much in one Reddit post. Look for part two to come out soon.
I've included several links to spreadsheets and photos:
1). Gear List. Includes gear I brought and its weight as well as what I’d bring now for comparison.
2). Cost breakdown. This is an itemized report of prices on the trek for housing, water, food, beer, transportation, and sunscreen.
3). Elevation and Distance. The third spreadsheet shares the rough distances between villages and communities along the trek along with elevation change.
4). Photos. Finally I’ve included a link to my website which has some of my favorite photos from the trip.
Please ask any questions you have. I’ll do my best to answer them. Hopefully by this fall some of you will be headed to Nepal for your own adventure!

INTRO
This is a complete guide to trekking the Annapurna Circuit in the Himalayan mountains of Nepal. I did this with my partner in July of 2018 during one of two off-seasons. Summer (May-September) is the rainy season and the trek doesn’t see much traffic during this time. Winter (December-February) is the other off-season for obvious reasons.
I’ve divided this trip report into two main sections (it's two long to post in one post on Reddit). The first part talks about the general logistics such as how to get to the circuit and what you should bring. I will try to include as much exact information about what I actually brought as I can and then provide some commentary on what I’d change when I go back.
The second part will focus on a timeline of the trek. What towns did we stay in and what were they like? What were some of the things we saw along the way and what were the trail conditions? This part will basically be a long blog post about our trek divided by the villages we stayed at or passed through along the way.

BACKGROUND
Why the Annapurna Circuit and why July (arguably the worst time of year to go). I am not a mountaineer, rock climber, athlete, or otherwise elite outdoorsman. In fact, the Annapurna Circuit was really my first backpacking trip and still my longest one to date. I did, however, grow up camping and loving the outdoors and am an experienced day hiker. Travel is also something I have some experience in, having been through much of North America and over 30 other countries.
Over the past few years I’ve grown a love for photography and a desire to capture natural landscapes as I see and feel them. Combined with my passion for the outdoors and a mild case of wanderlust, I began creating an unofficial list of places I definitely want to visit in my lifetime. This list includes Patagonia, New Zealand’s Southern Alps, the Andes Mountains in Northern Peru, and the Himalayas.
In May of 2018, my partner and I quit our jobs and bought one way tickets to Singapore to start our first visit to the continent of Asia. I had researched the Himalayas enough to know that Nepal’s Annapurna Circuit, Annapurna Base Camp, and Everest Base Camp were probably the best options for first time trekkers with epic mountain scenery. However, we made no specific plans on when we would arrive in Nepal if at all on this trip.
Fast forward through our first month in the hot and humid SouthEast part of Asia, and I soon realized that the climate differences for a resident of dry temperate Northern California were more than I anticipated. Added to that were the vast cultural differences between western countries where most of my previous travel had been and that of many SouthEast Asian countries. I found myself longing for the cool familiarity of the mountains and Nepal seemed the right choice.
So one day we bought a ticket from Malaysia to Kathmandu, knowing we would arrive during the rainy season but figuring we should give it a shot. We landed on a hot July day in the rain and were soon greeted by the chaos of Kathmandu. Here we opted to spend five days exploring the city, eating good food, researching all the ins and outs of the treks, buying supplies, and determining the best trek for this time of year. We talked to local guides and foreign adventurers alike trying to gage whether we should attempt trekking at all this time of year.
Eventually, after receiving some mixed accounts, we decided to risk it and head out the next morning for the Annapurna Circuit. We heard from both ends of the spectrum including some vehement statements that we shouldn’t trek this time of year and other trekkers who had just finished and had a wonderful time. We knew that we could always turn around and come back if it felt too dangerous.

MORE ON MONSOON SEASON
July is the middle of the monsoon season in Nepal. It’s also summer which means the lowlands are a steaming jungle and the mountains are often hidden in clouds. Due to the steep terrain, the land is prone to mudslides which can block roads and send vehicles down ravines. Leeches are also a problem at lower elevation which we soon found to be especially true when walking through dense foliage.
However, there are several benefits to trekking this time of year. Being the off -season there are far fewer tourists both in Kathmandu and on the trails. This means lower prices, easier to obtain rooms, and less crowding on the streets and trails. Along with the rain comes greenery. The flowers are in bloom and the trees are their greenest. The alpine hillsides are green as well, turning brown later in the year when trekking peaks. The nights don’t get as cold even at high altitude where guest houses are without heat, so fewer warm layers are required.
Of course, the dangers are real. Nepali people die every year in monsoon related road accidents and it's not uncommon for a few tourists to die as well. Delays are inevitable due to poor road conditions made worse by the rain. On the trail, many of the guest houses are not operating during the off season or may be more hesitant to welcome guests or have many food options. While crowds can create hassle, some comradery on the trail is welcome but much harder to find during the off-season.
NEXT TIME: Based on our experience, I wouldn’t change what we did. However, I would probably not go during this season again or necessarily recommend others to go during July. Instead I would opt for the end of the rainy season right before peak season (late September) or the end of the second trekking season right before the rainy season (late May).

PART I: LOGISTICS OF THE ANNAPURNA CIRCUIT
Almost everything you need for your trek can be bought in Kathmandu. Prices are cheaper than in the west but the quality is lower and most stores sell knock-offs of the brands they claim to sell. The neighborhood of Thamel is the primary trekkers hub in Nepal’s capital city. Here you will find more shops than you can count offering new and used gear, from real name-brand stuff to cheap knock offs. If you are coming to Nepal as part of a longer trip that includes travel to much warmer countries (as we did), you might consider buying some of your gear in Kathmandu.
We bought two synthetic sleeping bags (rated -10C but probably only good down to freezing) for $25/each. We were offered supposedly 100% down rated -20C “waterproof” sleeping bags for $50/each but were glad we didn’t get them. I purchased a decent quality “North Face” jacket with synthetic down filling for $15 and “waterproof” shell for $15. Diamox (a medication for altitude sickness) and many other meds (Decadron, a steroid, and various antibiotics) can be purchased for about $1 for a week's supply and without a prescription. The quality and purity of these drugs is unknown. I would definitely bring my own backpack as you will want something better quality than what I saw available. Same with shoes (or boots, it doesn’t matter really but trail runners are more comfortable and do the job perfectly) as you want them broken in. Everything else could be bought in Kathmandu but you won’t find anything ultralight or top quality.
NEXT TIME: Since trekking I’ve learned a lot about the value of a light backpack and minimal (but sufficient) gear. If trekking in Nepal was the only aspect of my trip from the US, I would bring nearly all my own gear. Everything would be quality and as light as possible for the task. An ultralight down quilt, wool underclothes, a down puffy, a waterproof rain shell, and a quality lightweight backpack 50 liters or less. I think a sub 10 pound base weight is reasonable even with a heavy camera.

PASSES AND PERMITS
You are required to have a TIMS card and the Annapurna Conservation Area Permit to trek. There are plenty of good blogs online describing these so I won’t go into great detail. They can both be purchased at the Nepal Tourism Board about a 20 minute walk from Thamel. Each costs about 2000 rupee ($17) and during the off season there was very little wait. I was told that you can get them in Pokhara and Besi Sahar as well but can't confirm. Bring passport photos (they wanted 4 each from us) and your passport as well as travel insurance information (required, we used World Nomads). Keep your permits handy as there are frequent checkpoints on the trek.

MONEY MATTERS
Everything is cash in Nepal. Many places that have MasterCard and Visa plastered all over their storefront window or list online that they take credit cards. This is almost always inaccurate. I’m not sure why. Mobile data and wifi are generally available and it would be helpful for tourists even if it meant slightly higher prices. Also there is a feeling of dishonesty when a business clearly advertises one thing but practices another.
For the trek you should bring all the cash you need with you. There are no ATM’s from Besisahar to Jomsom. The ATM’s in Thamel, Kathmandu usually only allow 15-30k rupees per transaction (many banks have limitations as well). You will also likely pay a fee every time you withdraw money and probably not always get the best exchange rates. I estimate that I lost about 10% on every withdrawal between fees and bad exchange rates.
How much money you need on the trek depends a lot on how much time you plan to take and what “luxuries” you want. I read blogs before my own experience suggesting $25-35/day per person. By watching our budget and going in the off-season we spent closer to $15/person and could have been quite comfortable on $20. Beer ($2-5), hot showers ($2 when available), and western food (always more expensive than Nepali food) can quickly double that. Most snacks are cheaper in Kathmandu (with the exception of Manang) but then you have to carry them all that way. If you purify your own water you save a lot.
NEXT TIME: I would probably plan to spend a little bit more to make the journey more enjoyable. An occasional beer or more variety in food choices can really improve your day. Hot showers are definitely worth it if they are gas powered but probably not if solar (they don’t actually get hot). I would also take more time on the trek, thus increasing the amount of cash I needed. That being said: the 50,000 rupee I brought on this trek would still probably suffice. If you are going without a guide or a porter the trek is automatically going to be significantly cheaper than those with planned tours.

GUIDES AND PORTERS
There are numerous options to do a guided trek including booking months in advance through large North American companies like G-Adventures or REI. For a more hassle free experience, this could be a good option. However, you definitely do not need a guide for the Annapurna Circuit. And I’ve read many stories of the guides being more trouble than they are worth.
The trek is super easy to follow with a map. Often because of the rain, we just followed the rough gravel and dirt road that nearly makes the entire circuit. During peak seasons, the trail looks very well marked and easy to follow. There are quite a few side trails, but these are easily avoided by referring to your map.
Porters are also unnecessary for nearly all trekkers, even those with guides. You need such minimal gear compared to backpacking in the wilderness or mountaineering, that your pack shouldn’t be an issue. I couldn’t believe how much stuff some people brought with them. My pack weight was over 30 pounds and 55 liters and I definitely saw a large number of much bulkier packs on the trail. Some people had a porter carrying a huge load for them on top of the oversized day pack on their own back.
Cost-wise hiring guides and porters would at least double your cost. Sure it helps provide jobs, but also may keep you from staying in that little unique guest house on the edge of town or spending an extra day somewhere that intrigues you. Guides will often direct you to stay at a specific guest house for which they get a commission even though there may be better options available. Some friends did Everest Base camp with a tour company later in 2018 and spend nearly 7 times what we did on our trek (there are no luxury hotel options on the trek and flights are not included in most tours). Having the independence to travel at your own pace and stay where you want, when you want is all something that money can’t buy.
NEXT TIME: I would definitely do this trek (also Annapurna and Everest Base Camps) on my own again. While there are some incredible guides with much knowledge and enjoyable personalities, the Annapurna Circuit is just too straight forward for me to justify needing one.

FOLLOWING THE TRAIL
There are several options for trails maps. Maps are easily available in Kathmandu for about 400 rupee. These are fairly accurate and up to date. Look for one made the same year (or at least previous) as your trek date. If you buy a map in the US before traveling, it may be slightly less up to date. For example, we ended up with the September 2017 edition of Nepa Maps NA504 Around Annapurna. Now, over a year later, the latest edition I can find online is the 2014 edition.
A road that parallels the Circuit is rapidly being constructed and the trail is constantly being rerouted when its path is more desirable for the course of the road.
Free offline apps such as Maps.Me offer downloadable trail routes for the Annapurna Circuit. Other options such as Gaia can assist with terrain but I never used it. Another invaluable source that I used for information about stops along the way, distances between villages, and what to expect, was the Wikitravel Document on the Annapurna Circuit.
The main trail is marked with red and white trail markers that are fairly visible. Some of the trail simply follows the road which isn’t a bad walk during the off season. However, in high season the dust and frequent jeep traffic would make this option uninviting. Luckily, most of the way up the path there are alternative trail options which are often on the opposite side of the valley as the road. Since leeches love foliage, we opted for the foliage free road most of the way up but outside of the rainy season this shouldn’t be a problem.

ELECTRONICS
CHARGERS: I would recommend bringing one universal adapter, preferably with multiple usb outlets in it. Outlets are hard to find and while some are universal, not all are. Some places charge you to use an outlet so being able to plug multiple devices into a single outlet saves you money. With my adapter I could charge my back up battery, phone, and camera all at once from one outlet.
PHOTO AND VIDEO: If you are a casual photographer just looking for some nice photos to show friends and family, I would recommend investing in a flagship smartphone or a Gopro rather than carrying the weight of even a small interchangeable lens camera. You just don't need all that extra weight unless you want significant zoom or professional quality large prints. The Go-pro is super light, takes decent 4k video, has image stabilization built in (much better video quality), is waterproof, and is tiny. Bring multiple batteries if you plan on a lot of videos. Also bring one SD card per day to reduce the risk of losing data.
I consider myself an advanced hobbyist when it comes to photography. Currently I use a Sony a7r II. I only brought one lens, the versatile Sony 24-240mm FE f3.5-6.5. If you are really serious I'd recommend a wide angle as well (16-35mm f2.8). This would especially be nice during drier weather when you can actually see the night sky for stargazing. The mountains are so vast and towering that a wide angle is really the only way to properly capture them without doing a panorama. I chose not to bring a tripod. If you are carrying your own gear it's a lot of extra weight to carry.
NEXT TIME: I’d bring the same camera set up and add a wide angle lens and an ultralight fold-up tripod. I would bring four batteries and probably an SD card for every other day. It’s a lot of weight but the photos are so worth it.
BACKUP POWER: I used a generic large backup battery charger with two usb ports. It was rated for 20k mAh but I don’t think that was accurate. My 10k mAh Anker is lighter and holds a similar charge . Whenever there wasn't charging available, I'd plug into this and when there was charging available I'd make sure it stayed charged. Even so I bought 4 batteries for my camera. One alternative, if going when the sun's out, is to rely on solar energy for charging.
MEMORY CARDS: I brought 8 memory cards including 4 micro SD and 4 regular. If I had to do it over I’d bring more. I had one scare where the camera said it wasn't writing the files correctly and when I went to flip back through them, I got error messages. I switched cards at that time and more frequently afterward. Turns out nothing was wrong but if you are a serious photographer you want to minimize risk of loss.
DRONES: This is a subject that has not been addressed in any other blogs I've read at all. Before going I watched numerous videos of people flying drones in the Himalayas. YouTube has several vloggers who have droned their treks and filmmakers who have made beautiful drone documentaries of these great mountains.
Unfortunately none of them address one serious problem, the Annapurna Conservatory at least (and possibly all of Nepal) has banned the use of drones without a permit (some say it's easy to get one, some say it's not). In some instances police have simply confiscated people's drones on the spot. In a country where one can hardly breathe in major cities due to dust and pollution, you'd think there would be greater issues than a couple of drones flying around. After consulting with some locals who saw my drone, I concluded that there is a significant risk that the police will take your device if they catch you. Many will find this a risk well worth taking and in some places there is limited police presence. The Annapurna Circuit has a surprisingly strong police presence in several towns (Chame for example) but not everywhere.
A drone is a lot of weight to carry if you don't feel comfortable using it for risk of having it taken. If you do plan to use it, either get a permit or exercise extreme caution and don't use it around villages or locals who might feel led to alert authorities. If you are a professional, just get the permit since your gear is likely worth a lot. If you are an amateur and want to risk it, bring a small, light drone that you can hide well if need be. I don't have specific information about getting permits, but it seems like the process isn't easy or quick.
OTHER: I brought a headlamp but never used it. For outhouse runs and power outages my phone served just fine though the headlamp would be much more convenient for longer periods of darkness. I would still recommend one.

CELL SERVICE
If you want to pack super light, aren't serious about photography or filming, but want some nice shots to bring home, I'd bring a high-end Samsung Galaxy, iPhone or similar. Since I had camera gear, I ended up using a cheap Samsung J2 pro (picked up brand new in Malaysia for $125). It takes relatively bad photos and video but was really just used to post updates to my Instagram story during those rare WiFi moments.
It is easy to get a SIM card for your global compatible phone in Kathmandu and even at some locations on the trek. There are two main providers Nepal Telecom and NCELL. We went with the private company Ncell because we heard that they were faster. Unfortunately, we soon found they didn’t currently offer much coverage on the circuit. However, judging by the number of locals using their cell-phones I’m guessing Nepal Telecom offers better service up there. Data is inexpensive and definitely worth it for navigating Kathmandu.
NEXT TIME: I would go with Telecom as having some coverage is better than none at all. I would also bring a better phone with a better battery life. One less thing to worry about charging all the time if the battery lasts longer.

WATER
Drinking water can be purchased at quite regular intervals along the trail in 1 liter bottles of filtered safe water for 30-150 rupee/liter. However, this adds up quickly (2-4 liters/day) and is quite bad for the environment. Safe water filling stations are available in many towns during trekking season for 30-60 rupee/liter. These were all closed except Thorung Phedi when I trekked this July. Bringing a 1 liter bottle to refill should be plenty when the clean filling stations are all open.
Another method is to fill up from the numerous running water stations in towns and villages along the way. Some of these are running constantly and are quite clean (coming from the mountains upstream from the village). However a village further up the mountain, animal waste, or other contaminants could still get you sick. I met trekkers who drank this water without problems but I would not risk it. While it usually didn’t appear to need filtering, I would absolutely purify it first.
I brought chlorine tablets (over iodine because chlorine also kills a virus that is a common cause of water related stomach illnesses) and a Steripen. The Steripen uses ultraviolet rays to kill pathogens. It required a wide mouthed water bottle to use (won’t work with a Smart water bottle). Also any curves or hidden areas where the light might not reach the water can leave it unclean. Mine required two ca123 batteries (not common) and can only do about 50 liters/two batteries. I carried several extra batteries.
Some sort of water purification tablets were available in many stores along the way. With a method to purify water, you save money and plastic and can even get your water from a stream if needed. We found the chlorine tablets did make the water taste somewhat undesirable so you may want to bring some sort of water flavoring. Another option is the two step water treatment drops that take more time but are arguably the most effective against the most possible illnesses with the least negative effect on the flavor.
NEXT TIME: I would bring my Sawyer Mini and add chlorine tabs if the water seemed exceptionally sketchy which is rarely if ever did. The Sawyer Mini works with any lightweight water bottle or 1 liter filter bags which are light and easy to store.

FOOD
You don’t need to bring any food from your home country (and probably shouldn’t). Snacks are available at steadily increasing prices and regular intervals as you head up the trail. Snickers, potato chips, sodas, cookies, nuts and granola bars were easy to find even in the off season. If you are on a strict budget you may want to find an inexpensive supply of snacks in Kathmandu before heading up. If you want fresh produce, you will likely have to purchase from Kathmandu or along the way as there is very little on the trek.
A helpful tip: snack prices in Manang oddly aren't much more than Kathmandu (Snickers only increased from 85 to 100 rupee despite bringing more than 150 rupees in earlier towns).
Healthy options are harder to come by. Certain times of the year you can get apples but not during the summer. Most meals included cooked vegetables grown fresh in the village. Every open lodge had food available. We generally avoided the meat due to limited safe storage options. We only had minor trouble with the food. Dal Bat is the traditional meal on the trek. Garlic soup is another popular one. We really enjoyed the Tibetan Bread with Honey for breakfast. If you are trying to eat low carb, good luck. Every meal is very high in carbs. Eating vegetarian is fairly easy to do.
NEXT TIME: We tried to eat a lot of Dal Bat as it was the least expensive way to get a lot of food. Often when you are very hungry, it just makes sense as they keep refilling your plate. However, I think it's worth spending a little more to eat more variety and change things up. With so many long days of trekking, it's a good way to keep up your morale.

LODGING
We did not book a single place on the trek in advance. I had heard that during peak season places fill up and guest houses end up packing extra people in the common areas. This was not a problem during such a slow time of year. We had more of a problem finding that places were closed due to the lack of traffic. I would not recommend booking anything in advance. If you go during peak season just try to arrive early enough to find a good spot before they are all taken.
As numerous other blogs describe, the lodges are typically referred to as tea houses although to me this implies more of a small home stay. A few of the locations we stayed in were someone’s home with extra rooms for guests. Others were more like mini hotels in which a room or two was saved for the employees. They all had kitchens and dining rooms which appeared like great places to gather if we had had other guests to gather with. Most had wood burning stoves in the middle which would have been wonderful as we increased in altitude. However, it was not cold enough for them to justify burning precious wood for just a couple of trekkers.
In every village, we first walked through the entire village (most take 10 minutes to walk through) to see where we felt the most welcome. In some places like Chame, it was easy. A kind lady called out to us upon passing by and after seeing her rooms we realized they would be perfect. Other places, like Manang were larger and had more options to choose from. Here we actually looked at a couple of rooms that we just didn’t love before settling on one. A few villages had vastly differing prices (ranging from free to 700 rupees) so if you are on a budget it pays to shop around. During peak season you may not have this luxury and may just have to take what's available.
NEXT TIME: I would still not book anything ahead. I would look for places that were clean and comfortable. A shower isn’t necessary every night. And sometimes the best places are away from the main lodges. I would also try to stay in a few of the smaller villages that aren’t necessarily on the main trek. Most likely I would do this trek slower (and in better weather) so as to experience more of the culture and hopefully meet more trekkers to swap stories with along the way.

GETTING THERE FROM KATHMANDU
We went to BG Mall (400 rupee taxi ride north of Thamel) to get our bus directly to Besisahar where the trek begins. The taxi actually dropped us off at the Gongabu New Bus Station. However, upon asking around we were directed to the BG Mall around the corner.
There are mini buses (think minivans with way too many seats packed in them) going to Besisahar directly. While popular with tourists, these appeared cramped and uncomfortable to me. They also tie all the luggage outside on the top of the van so it ends up covered in exhaust and dust. One benefit is that these minibuses go direct and don't stop to pick up more passengers along the way. I've heard they run about 700 rupee.
We chose what we were told was a tourist bus. In reality it ran more like a local bus to Besisahar from BG Mall. We didn't buy tickets ahead but simply paid the driver 450 rupees each. We had our backpacks stored underneath, had our own seats, and the bus was never full. However, I think during peak season it would have been much more crowded. Even though we stopped to pick up passengers whenever we saw them, most of the delays were the terrible traffic jam coming out of Kathmandu (3-4 hour traffic jam. Even so, we made it to Besisahar by about 3pm (9 hours) without switching buses. There are supposedly non-stop “luxury” tourist buses available for a bit more. However, you won’t find anything that approaches the quality of buses available in South America or Europe.
As with all transportation in Nepal, be prepared for longer than expected journeys and over packed vehicles that wouldn’t be up to safety standards in the US. There probably won’t be air conditioning in the summer either. And the passengers tend to be quite loud the entire trip.
NEXT TIME: I would probably still risk buying a last minute ticket. That way I can assess the condition of the bus before purchasing. The mini-buses, while perhaps slightly faster, look way less enjoyable unless perhaps you have a large enough group to book the entire bus.

SOME MORE ON GEAR
You don’t need as much gear as a normal backpacking trip. While some people do choose to wild camp, most stay at the tea houses. Even if you do camp, food is so readily available, there is no need to carry large amounts with you. Bringing a tent would allow you to wake up in some truly wild, remote locations without any other humans around. It would also require you bring a sleeping pad and a warmer sleeping bag.
All the tea houses had blankets. Extras were available if we were cold though this is not the case during peak season. I would at least bring a liner if not your own bag for cleanliness and extra warmth. I think a light 30 degree quilt would be fine unless you went in the winter. There’s no heat in the rooms, but I imagine they keep more warmth in than a tent would. The coldest mornings during the summer were below freezing, but not by much in our experience. Peak season is in the fall so it will be colder for sure.
I’d probably go with my SWD long haul 50 out of my current gear. Although it would be bigger than needed, it carries really well and rolls down when not filled. You probably don’t need a backpack with a frame. Honestly, a Zimmerbuilt style QuickStep or similar would probably do just fine if you are not camping or bringing a lot of camera gear.
Any cooking supplies are superfluous unless you really want to eat freeze-dried meals or have a cup of hot tea on a random remote hilltop. There are actually small huts which serve hot tea at some of the more popular day hikes along the trek. These are only open during peak season.
I primarily hiked in shorts but if it had been much colder leggings or pants would have been nice. There’s a lot of exposure and sun during peak season (even in the summer the clouds cleared enough to get us burnt), so long sleeve shirts and maybe a hat would be nice.
Camp shoes and night clothes aren’t necessary but sure were nice to have. A change or two of underwear and socks would suffice. I brought some running shorts that double as swim trunks. There are several hot springs on the trek which are near town and close to the river. These were mostly flooded over with river water due to the monsoon.
We brought way too many toiletries and a large first aid kit. If I recall correctly some places had toilet paper in their bathrooms and it was also available at some of the shops.

BRIEF GUIDE TO KATHMANDU
We arrived in Kathmandu near the end of June to pouring rain. The airport is a mess of chaos. One had to take a bus from the plane to get to the terminal. Visas are available on arrival for US citizens and those of many other countries. We chose a 30 day visa for about $50 but there are longer options available. We took a taxi from the airport to Thamel for about $5 and settled into a hostel for the night.
Our first few nights in the hostel were nice (community atmosphere and cheap price) but we soon realized we wanted to be in a hotel and moved locations for our next three nights before the trek. You can walk Thamel in a day or less. There are plenty of decent restaurants and lots of trekkers and tourists. A few of the streets don’t allow cars which is refreshing as the dirt, dust, and exhaust they produce is overwhelming. The shops in Thamel offer everything you could imagine related to trekking but not all of it is quality. You are under constant pressure to buy something or some service you don’t want nearly everywhere you go in Thamel.
Five days in Kathmandu was too long. I’d recommend three to get accustomed to the place, buy any last minutes good for the trek, and get some cash. We left everything we had with us at the hotel including extra camera gear and a laptop. We locked it in a bag and they put it in a second floor storage room. The agreement is that you will stay with them when you return but since they didn’t have rooms we weren’t held to that. Nothing was lost, stolen, or damaged in our experience.
Lodging:
Alobar 1000 Hostel. We stayed two nights here. It was a friendly enough place with cheap water refills available and an inexpensive rooftop bar. There were all sorts of friendly travelers here from yogis and hippies to trekkers and climbers. Our private room was ok but the bathroom was shared and not always so clean. Price was approximately $10-15 per night.
Hotel Family Home. We stayed three nights here and stored our luggage here during our trek. Cost was approximately $20 per night. The rooms were ok. Not quite up to western standards. There was a free breakfast you could pick from (pancakes, smoothies, toast and eggs). The bathroom had an open window instead of a fan and was filled with bugs.
Trekkers Home: We stayed one night here after returning from our trek. It was a great price and the owners were friendly but the air conditioning didn’t work. With the pollution and the summer heat and humidity, having air conditioning is nearly essential in July. Cost was only $12 per night but didn’t include breakfast.
OYO 120 Hotel Tayoma. We stayed here three nights after the trek. It has a Pho restaurant with good food below it. The rooms are large and clean with cold air conditioning. This was probably our favorite spot in Thamel. Price included breakfast for about $20 per night.
Dining:
Himalayan Java Coffee - Thamel Chowk. This is a popular spot with trekkers and expats alike. Great coffee for the area and many baked goods as well as specialty drinks.
Western Tandoori & Naan House. We probably ate here half a dozen times. Excellent prices and amazing authentic Indian food better than anywhere I’ve had in North America and rivaling London. Local spot with nothing fancy that can get quite hot during the day. Looks a little dirty but we never got sick and enjoyed every meal here.
Northfield Cafe. Nice outdoor cafe with baked goods and a decent breakfast.
Weizen Bakery. Probably our favorite bakery in Thamel. Great chocolate cake and pastries. Half off after 8 pm!
The Cafe With No Name. Great little bar serving local micro-brewed beer and donating proceeds to charity. We went here several times and always loved the food. Definitely geared toward tourists.
Medical:
Pharmacies. There are numerous pharmacies in Thamel which don’t require a prescription to get things like Diamox, antibiotics, pain relief, or decadron. Quality is unknown of course so use with care.
CIWEC Hospital Pvt. Ltd. This is a private hospital especially for tourists that’s right outside Thamel. Due to an accident which required suturing we actually used this location and got excellent professional service. Our doctor spoke perfect English. She and her nurses all used sterile technique, practiced hand washing, and were very skilled and thorough in their care. I don’t think we would have received better care anywhere in the US. Cost was $330 USD which is a lot for Nepal but was completely covered by our travel insurance.
Transport:
Walking. This is the best way to get about Thamel and really much of Kathmandu. It's fun just to wander. There are hidden shops, alleyways, and restaurants everywhere. End to end, Thamel is only about a 15 minute walk one way.
Taxis. I don’t think we paid more than $5 for a taxi anywhere including going to the famous stupa or the airport. We paid about $4 for our taxi to the bus station which would have been a 45 minute walk. We usually negotiated the price down a dollar or two from their initial offer.
Buses. We did not ride any city buses. The main bus station for travel around the country is the Gongabu New Bus Station. The bus to Besi Sahar actually picked up about a five minute walk from here at the BG Mall which we found out on the fly the morning of our trip after our taxi dropped us off at the bus station.

This was PART I of a two part series on the Annapurna Circuit. Stay tune for the second part where I go into detail on the day-by-day journey itself.
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2020.03.24 02:11 light5577 FUTURE : Excerp from cst

A little guide to "wtf is going on"
As many of you are already aware, the mainstream media is owned by six media conglomerates: GE, Disney, Viacom, Time Warner, CBS, News Corp
They have a major influence in what we talk and think about. This is not a conspiracy theory, but facts that can be easily proven with the Socratic method. Here is one example:
On November 5, 2017, hundreds of journalists from around the world gathered together to release the Paradise Papers, a compilation of financial records providing evidence of illegal tax evasion and laundering by some of the most wealthiest in the world, including the Queen of England.
On that exact same day, the Sutherland Springs Church shooting occurred and completely dominated the news cycle and the Paradise Papers was never discussed or seen from again.
What we are currently witnessing with the mainstream coverage of the coronavirus is a recognition of our cognitive dissonance which is why we feel as if something is off.
We are so used to believing what we are told that even when simple logic and statistics are applied, we will fall for the mob mentality (this term has a negative connotation when it can be expressed positively. A lot of our language has been twisted in order for us to fall into categorical thinking that leads to division among the populace. I like to use the term “The Hundredth Monkey Effect”).
There were nearly 140,000 people who contracted the common flu each day in the year 2019.
The total reported cases of corona virus worldwide right now at the time of this writing stands at 240,000, first discovered in China, December 2019.
Even if we take into account that this number is most likely underreported due to various factors such as lack of viable tests, it is still statistically insignificant compared to the seasonal flu.
This “global lockdown” that is taking place appears to be an over-exaggerated response when taking these numbers into account.
While people are busy preaching doom and gloom, disinformation campaigns and conspiracies, I would like to offer an alternative perspective that is rooted in reality.
Over-exaggerated reactions warrant over-exaggerated solutions.
What have these over-exaggerated solutions produced so far?
-An update to every company’s sick/leave policies. This has been a major problem for many years as employees always feared getting financially crippled if they have a prolonged illness. Expect these policies to become permanent.
-Many parents are switching to homeschooling to finish off the rest of the year for their children. This not only contributes to special bonding but a growth of true individuality. Prepare for this trend to stick around as we discuss ways to revamp our education system.
-Some of the first businesses to close were restaurants and bars. Many employees of the service industry are college graduates who for one reason or another, did not find an adequate job towards their career. Now with the furlough/unemployment stimulus package that will continue for months, this will provide the focus, resources, and time needed for these college graduates to reenter the work force with their field in mind.
-Many people are now cooking at home. This greatly reduces sodium/fat intake which will contribute to higher overall well being.
-Many people are taking on new hobbies such as art and crafts. I have always predicted that our economy is going to shift towards handcrafted goods/services as more and more things become automated. This is going to be a start of that renaissance as people now have months to pursue such hobbies.
-More family time. Many people are together with their families again spending quality time. -Second baby boom. Many people in western culture are in the preconception that it is better not to have a baby in today’s age for a list of reasons that points towards pessimism. But if one was to have an open mind and indulge in the idea that the world is going to be an amazing wonderful place, wouldn’t it then be sensible to have as many babies as possible?
-World peace. There are no wars at the time of this writing. In fact, the world is actually working together in harmony. This is arguably the biggest news story of the year, we have made a peace treaty with the Taliban and will be pulling all troops out of Afghanistan by 2021. I don’t recall the last time in written history the world was in a state of complete peace. This is absolutely monumental. These are indicators that we are not in a repeating timeline anymore but breaking the mold.
-More sleep = more healing. A lot of Americans are sleep deprived which makes it so your body never fully heals 100% from joint wearing, muscle tearing, and mental stress As more and more people get their much needed rest, they will have sharper focus, energy, and rational thinking which will lead to better decisions.
-Working at home is now being evaluated as a sensible efficient business concept
-Pollution rates have plummeted worldwide, mostly due to grounded flights as aircrafts create the most damage to our ozone layer
-Construction is still allowed during the lockdown which allows a lot of infrastructure to be rebuilt quickly without disturbing daily life of citizens
-Many pets such as dogs and cats will be adopted as people have more time on their hands
-Shelters are provided for all homeless people
-People are focusing on geriatrics and allocating sufficient funding for senior care and homes (something our senior population has been in desperate need of)
-Entertainment/pro sports industries are at a standstill, less distractions for people during this introspective time
In conclusion, we are preparing to reset the American economy and making sure everyone is on the same page to avoid any civil fallout.
Important news that was overshadowed from the dominant coverage of the coronavirus in no particular order:
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/02/29/taliban-peace-deal-afghanistan-118300
https://abc7.com/5904117/
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-02-12/harvard-yale-under-u-s-investigation-over-foreign-funding
https://www.thecanary.co/uk/analysis/2020/03/14/blow-to-assange-extradition-after-chelsea-manning-is-freed-and-grand-jury-disbanded/
(https://www.justice.gov/opa/pjury-finds-los-angeles-businessman-guilty-1-billion-biodiesel-tax-fraud-scheme?utm_source=share&utm_medium=ios_app&utm_name=iossmf
https://m.theepochtimes.com/rep-doug-collins-house-wont-have-enough-votes-for-clean-fisa-reauthorization_3266253.html
https://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2020/03/09/placer-co-sheriff-homicide-investigation-underway-in-granite-bay/
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/02/hillary-clinton-email-deposition-118800
https://mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSKBN21212I?__twitter_impression=true
https://dailycaller.com/2020/03/11/white-house-executive-order-buy-american-coronavirus-medical-supply-chain-china/
https://www.statnews.com/2020/02/06/open-science-publishing-and-public-research-support-could-trump-have-it-right/
And many more but these are the ones that have big implications to the current picture.
A spreading misconception:
-The markets are imploding! All the gains are gone! We are heading into a Great Depression!
Truth: One of the main reasons the markets are “imploding” is because of the shift in energy production and allocation that is coming very very fast in our future. The USA became energy independent as of last year. We are also now the biggest supplier of oil in the world. And this other part, I have no idea how this was accomplished but watching the sequence of it blew my mind, but we negotiated a deal to have Saudi Arabia leave the oil game. This has caused a huge scramble among international oil companies as they have to constantly lower prices in order to compete and cash out in order to jump to new industries. This huge gap left in the market is from this shift that is occurring. As Trump mentioned in his Davos World Summit speech, soon America is going to have “limitless energy” as we are already shifting our focus onto clean nuclear energy and “new technologies.” This is why gas prices are decreasing at such fast rates. In some states, gas prices are 99 cents!
Yes, the coronavirus is having an impact on the markets as well but there is always an expected stock market drop with every “major” virus spread. This is intentional as you can slowly start witnessing on the news that there were insider trading among corporations and politicians. It’s clockwork. They do this every time but our short attention span jumps to the next thing like Pavlov’s Law and we forget about it.
Everyone panics when the market drops 10% but gradually regains their senses when the market goes back up 1-2% annually since the crash. The stock market has always been a major pump and dump scheme with the insiders cashing out the most. It is no longer a dependable model to judge the strength of our economy since too many banks heavily influence the markets.
Why should we remain confident in the economy? Well, simply put, the USA is filthy rich right now.
As I am sure you heard, Trump has offered “$2000” as compensation. A lot of Bernie supporters jumped in mockery to claim, “Oh look who’s socialist now!,” but as usual, they could not be any more wrong (low blow, but I couldn’t help it XD).
A good question is, why is the news barely covering Trump’s proposal for “$2000” but giving headlines to politicians who are calling for “$1000?”
It is because the money that Trump is proposing is not from tax payer dollars. We are not going to have to “pay it back” in one way or another in the future as it would be if we used our own tax dollars.
The money is from the US Treasury and it is stockpiled right now because of all the new trade deals that favor the USA. That is our money. Plain and simple. Our collective hard work has been proven through ratified tariffs in other countries. Every country has agreed to our terms. Including China. We have already accumulated over hundreds of billions in cash from last year alone.
This is why Trump said $2000 and “much much more coming very soon.” The mainstream media does not want you to know about this. They do not want you to know that taxes are not needed to begin with when you have a GDP as strong as the US. There are many functioning states that do not operate with pay roll taxes and they are economically sound. We would be able to fund any democratically accepted policy in the US with ease from just the tariffs alone.
What we are witnessing in actuality, is the battle between the current White House administration, the Federal Reserve and the centralized banks. The coronavirus is more of a covedistraction as both sides make their chess moves.
This is why as soon as Trump approved of removing student Federal loan interests, the Federal Reserve responded by pumping the banks with $1.5 trillion. A few days later, Trump double downed on approving 0% pay roll tax, the Federal Reserve responded by slashing interest rates to 0% the next day which caused the latest market crash.
We are beginning to choke the Federal Reserve by removing taxes because we did not need them to begin with. We only needed them to manage our debt and inflation since we got off the gold standard. They are not even a government entity, but a private institution that works only to enrich the big banks.
These banks will not go down easily. The last president who openly criticized and offered solutions out of the Federal Reserve was John F. Kennedy and he was assassinated for it. They have a stranglehold on the market and that stranglehold has to be removed finger by finger as not to actually implode everything. Rest assured, economic failsafes have already been instituted and prepared. Funnily enough, it was funded on the Federal dime as we borrowed that spending in record amounts, which was intentional. The Trump administration has spent more on infrastructure on borrowed money than any other president. We are preparing to “default” on the debt we owe the Federal Reserve as we make a transition back to the gold standard. The US has already secured enough gold to make this transition possible as well as printed US Treasury currency ready to be distributed at a moment’s notice.
What does this mean for you?
We are about to witness an era of prosperity the United States has never seen before once we exit this momentary lapse of confusion and panic. And these are not delusions, or “hopefully it happens,” or “that’s not possible.” I have been carefully studying all policies, executive orders, and actions of the three branches of government and can conclude that great things are on their way as I speak.
Everything has been put in place. In a bigger abstract sense, it has been ordained on December 21st, 2012 by an energy force so great and pure. Some call it God, Gaia, Supreme Being, Mother Nature, the universe, positive energy, “solar flares,” magnetic pole shifts, Schumann Resonance, 5th dimension, whatever it is, has come to take over the timeline and funnel us into the point of inevitability. Right now is an amazing time to tune into your synchronicity. A lot of clues are being laid around you right now for you to reach your higher self, to truly push the boundaries of your potential as a unique individual spirit. You are at the right place at the right time.
-Removal of the Federal Reserve = Freedom from taxes, higher incomes, better benefits. As life becomes more relaxed and leisurely, companies will be competing for your contract. Many other streams of revenue will be accessible.
-Limitless energy: it means the cost of everything plummets. Everything will become very cheap and affordable. I would even recommend people to start designing their dream homes now. Japan is already working on a prototype solar panel that can be placed in space which will have super high levels of energy output.
-As energy becomes free, costs of travel will become significantly reduced and new technologies (Pentagon black projects, recently converted into “Space Force” to be placed under public scrutiny and to disseminate the new technology that has been kept hidden from the masses) will be introduced that will increase the speed of travel to one hour, anywhere in the world. This will jumpstart the true form of globalism as you can work in any place that you want and live separately in any place as well.
-Spiritual awareness - We will all be gaining the ability to astral project! Keep your mind in good shape! Brain damage can make astral projection difficult!
-Life span will greatly increase. As you might have read the recent headline, scientists have cured a HIV patient, the 2nd time we were ever able to do so. Expect a lot more successful headlines in regards to medicine/science. It is actually happening already and a lot of it has to do with removing toxic CEOs and board directors who undermine breakthrough research that improves the human race for their own self-gain.
Resignations of the following CEOs from just the past couple months alone: CEO of Disney CEO of Tinder (why do you think people feel more lonely than ever even with dating apps? Algorithms in dating apps set you up for failure and addiction to maximize profits, but fortunately the corrupt masterminds behind these algorithms are being removed as we speak)
CEO of Hinge
CEO of OkCupid
CEO of Match
CEO of Hulu
CEO of MedMen
CEO of Victoria’s Secret
CEO of Salesforce
CEO of Harley Davidson
CEO of IBM
CEO of T-Mobile
CEO of LinkedIn
CEO of MasterCard
Board member Microsoft Bill Gates
Board member Berkshire Hathaway Bill Gates
CEO of Lockheed Martin
(Many of these were on the day after Weinstein’s arrest. A “checkpoint” that indicates their next move)
+many more in the past two months. In the past three years, resignations of notable CEOs and board members totaled over 11,000.
Where are all these CEOs going? To be honest, I already subtracted a lot of information from this single writeup alone just to condense it as much as possible and will have to unfortunately do the same here since it is a long explanation in itself. Please ignore all other theories and hypotheticals from other people in regards to the CEOs as many of them are starting to spread online. Vast disinformation campaigns are put into place to combat the growing truth.
All you really need to know is that the “good guys” have obtained enough leverage to force them all out.
Those who refuse to comply with resignation orders have a hidden scandal of theirs blown up on the news. This is why so many scandals have been coming to light, not just in the US, but worldwide.
Points I do not have the time to dive into but good to be mindful of:
-High rate of celebrities/politicians contracting coronavirus (involves the bio lab near Wuhan which produced illegal human enhancing chemical compounds) Keep note of their rapidly deteriorating health as they experience withdrawals on a grand scale -Joe Biden’s voter counts (please keep in mind that in 2016, Bernie supporters filed a joint class action lawsuit against the DNC for rigging the primaries and lost on the grounds that the DNC is a private institution and can choose to reveal results and delegates however they choose to do so) -Google/Facebook/other social media companies are uncensored now. Search results are showing authentic results that were once censored or removed from the top results before. #Pizzagate was actually trending on Twitter a couple days ago. -Here is a video from “Event 201” from October 2019 hosted by John Hopkins Center that involves Bill Gates, WHO, CDC, and other nonprofit powerhouses who conveniently set up an exercise dealing with the coronavirus just months prior: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AoLw-Q8X174
Everything I have listed is verifiable and sourced. I am more than happy to provide any additional information that backs up any of my claims.
We are living in interesting times and things are just warming up! I could literally talk for days about the exciting things that have happened and are in development.
History is watching.
Where we go one, we go all.
submitted by light5577 to DiaryOfLight [link] [comments]


2020.03.21 08:31 mistahbang A little guide to "wtf is going on"

As many of you are already aware, the mainstream media is owned by six media conglomerates: GE, Disney, Viacom, Time Warner, CBS, News Corp
They have a major influence in what we talk and think about. This is not a conspiracy theory, but facts that can be easily proven with the Socratic method. Here is one example:
On November 5, 2017, hundreds of journalists from around the world gathered together to release the Paradise Papers, a compilation of financial records providing evidence of illegal tax evasion and laundering by some of the most wealthiest in the world, including the Queen of England.
On that exact same day, the Sutherland Springs Church shooting occurred and completely dominated the news cycle and the Paradise Papers was never discussed or seen from again.
What we are currently witnessing with the mainstream coverage of the coronavirus is a recognition of our cognitive dissonance which is why we feel as if something is off.
We are so used to believing what we are told that even when simple logic and statistics are applied, we will fall for the mob mentality (this term has a negative connotation when it can be expressed positively. A lot of our language has been twisted in order for us to fall into categorical thinking that leads to division among the populace. I like to use the term “The Hundredth Monkey Effect”).
There were nearly 140,000 people who contracted the common flu each day in the year 2019.
The total reported cases of corona virus worldwide right now at the time of this writing stands at 240,000, first discovered in China, December 2019.
Even if we take into account that this number is most likely underreported due to various factors such as lack of viable tests, it is still statistically insignificant compared to the seasonal flu.
This “global lockdown” that is taking place appears to be an over-exaggerated response when taking these numbers into account.
While people are busy preaching doom and gloom, disinformation campaigns and conspiracies, I would like to offer an alternative perspective that is rooted in reality.
Over-exaggerated reactions warrant over-exaggerated solutions.
What have these over-exaggerated solutions produced so far?
-An update to every company’s sick/leave policies. This has been a major problem for many years as employees always feared getting financially crippled if they have a prolonged illness. Expect these policies to become permanent.
-Many parents are switching to homeschooling to finish off the rest of the year for their children. This not only contributes to special bonding but a growth of true individuality. Prepare for this trend to stick around as we discuss ways to revamp our education system.
-Some of the first businesses to close were restaurants and bars. Many employees of the service industry are college graduates who for one reason or another, did not find an adequate job towards their career. Now with the furlough/unemployment stimulus package that will continue for months, this will provide the focus, resources, and time needed for these college graduates to reenter the work force with their field in mind.
-Many people are now cooking at home. This greatly reduces sodium/fat intake which will contribute to higher overall well being.
-Many people are taking on new hobbies such as art and crafts. I have always predicted that our economy is going to shift towards handcrafted goods/services as more and more things become automated. This is going to be a start of that renaissance as people now have months to pursue such hobbies.
-More family time. Many people are together with their families again spending quality time. -Second baby boom. Many people in western culture are in the preconception that it is better not to have a baby in today’s age for a list of reasons that points towards pessimism. But if one was to have an open mind and indulge in the idea that the world is going to be an amazing wonderful place, wouldn’t it then be sensible to have as many babies as possible?
-World peace. There are no wars at the time of this writing. In fact, the world is actually working together in harmony. This is arguably the biggest news story of the year, we have made a peace treaty with the Taliban and will be pulling all troops out of Afghanistan by 2021. I don’t recall the last time in written history the world was in a state of complete peace. This is absolutely monumental. These are indicators that we are not in a repeating timeline anymore but breaking the mold.
-More sleep = more healing. A lot of Americans are sleep deprived which makes it so your body never fully heals 100% from joint wearing, muscle tearing, and mental stress As more and more people get their much needed rest, they will have sharper focus, energy, and rational thinking which will lead to better decisions.
-Working at home is now being evaluated as a sensible efficient business concept
-Pollution rates have plummeted worldwide, mostly due to grounded flights as aircrafts create the most damage to our ozone layer
-Construction is still allowed during the lockdown which allows a lot of infrastructure to be rebuilt quickly without disturbing daily life of citizens
-Many pets such as dogs and cats will be adopted as people have more time on their hands
-Shelters are provided for all homeless people
-People are focusing on geriatrics and allocating sufficient funding for senior care and homes (something our senior population has been in desperate need of)
-Entertainment/pro sports industries are at a standstill, less distractions for people during this introspective time
In conclusion, we are preparing to reset the American economy and making sure everyone is on the same page to avoid any civil fallout.
Important news that was overshadowed from the dominant coverage of the coronavirus in no particular order:
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/02/29/taliban-peace-deal-afghanistan-118300
https://abc7.com/5904117/
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-02-12/harvard-yale-under-u-s-investigation-over-foreign-funding
https://www.thecanary.co/uk/analysis/2020/03/14/blow-to-assange-extradition-after-chelsea-manning-is-freed-and-grand-jury-disbanded/
(https://www.justice.gov/opa/pjury-finds-los-angeles-businessman-guilty-1-billion-biodiesel-tax-fraud-scheme?utm_source=share&utm_medium=ios_app&utm_name=iossmf
https://m.theepochtimes.com/rep-doug-collins-house-wont-have-enough-votes-for-clean-fisa-reauthorization_3266253.html
https://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2020/03/09/placer-co-sheriff-homicide-investigation-underway-in-granite-bay/
https://www.politico.com/news/2020/03/02/hillary-clinton-email-deposition-118800
https://mobile.reuters.com/article/amp/idUSKBN21212I?__twitter_impression=true
https://dailycaller.com/2020/03/11/white-house-executive-order-buy-american-coronavirus-medical-supply-chain-china/
https://www.statnews.com/2020/02/06/open-science-publishing-and-public-research-support-could-trump-have-it-right/
And many more but these are the ones that have big implications to the current picture.
A spreading misconception:
-The markets are imploding! All the gains are gone! We are heading into a Great Depression!
Truth: One of the main reasons the markets are “imploding” is because of the shift in energy production and allocation that is coming very very fast in our future. The USA became energy independent as of last year. We are also now the biggest supplier of oil in the world. And this other part, I have no idea how this was accomplished but watching the sequence of it blew my mind, but we negotiated a deal to have Saudi Arabia leave the oil game. This has caused a huge scramble among international oil companies as they have to constantly lower prices in order to compete and cash out in order to jump to new industries. This huge gap left in the market is from this shift that is occurring. As Trump mentioned in his Davos World Summit speech, soon America is going to have “limitless energy” as we are already shifting our focus onto clean nuclear energy and “new technologies.” This is why gas prices are decreasing at such fast rates. In some states, gas prices are 99 cents!
Yes, the coronavirus is having an impact on the markets as well but there is always an expected stock market drop with every “major” virus spread. This is intentional as you can slowly start witnessing on the news that there were insider trading among corporations and politicians. It’s clockwork. They do this every time but our short attention span jumps to the next thing like Pavlov’s Law and we forget about it.
Everyone panics when the market drops 10% but gradually regains their senses when the market goes back up 1-2% annually since the crash. The stock market has always been a major pump and dump scheme with the insiders cashing out the most. It is no longer a dependable model to judge the strength of our economy since too many banks heavily influence the markets.
Why should we remain confident in the economy? Well, simply put, the USA is filthy rich right now.
As I am sure you heard, Trump has offered “$2000” as compensation. A lot of Bernie supporters jumped in mockery to claim, “Oh look who’s socialist now!,” but as usual, they could not be any more wrong (low blow, but I couldn’t help it XD).
A good question is, why is the news barely covering Trump’s proposal for “$2000” but giving headlines to politicians who are calling for “$1000?”
It is because the money that Trump is proposing is not from tax payer dollars. We are not going to have to “pay it back” in one way or another in the future as it would be if we used our own tax dollars.
The money is from the US Treasury and it is stockpiled right now because of all the new trade deals that favor the USA. That is our money. Plain and simple. Our collective hard work has been proven through ratified tariffs in other countries. Every country has agreed to our terms. Including China. We have already accumulated over hundreds of billions in cash from last year alone.
This is why Trump said $2000 and “much much more coming very soon.” The mainstream media does not want you to know about this. They do not want you to know that taxes are not needed to begin with when you have a GDP as strong as the US. There are many functioning states that do not operate with pay roll taxes and they are economically sound. We would be able to fund any democratically accepted policy in the US with ease from just the tariffs alone.
What we are witnessing in actuality, is the battle between the current White House administration, the Federal Reserve and the centralized banks. The coronavirus is more of a covedistraction as both sides make their chess moves.
This is why as soon as Trump approved of removing student Federal loan interests, the Federal Reserve responded by pumping the banks with $1.5 trillion. A few days later, Trump double downed on approving 0% pay roll tax, the Federal Reserve responded by slashing interest rates to 0% the next day which caused the latest market crash.
We are beginning to choke the Federal Reserve by removing taxes because we did not need them to begin with. We only needed them to manage our debt and inflation since we got off the gold standard. They are not even a government entity, but a private institution that works only to enrich the big banks.
These banks will not go down easily. The last president who openly criticized and offered solutions out of the Federal Reserve was John F. Kennedy and he was assassinated for it. They have a stranglehold on the market and that stranglehold has to be removed finger by finger as not to actually implode everything. Rest assured, economic failsafes have already been instituted and prepared. Funnily enough, it was funded on the Federal dime as we borrowed that spending in record amounts, which was intentional. The Trump administration has spent more on infrastructure on borrowed money than any other president. We are preparing to “default” on the debt we owe the Federal Reserve as we make a transition back to the gold standard. The US has already secured enough gold to make this transition possible as well as printed US Treasury currency ready to be distributed at a moment’s notice.
What does this mean for you?
We are about to witness an era of prosperity the United States has never seen before once we exit this momentary lapse of confusion and panic. And these are not delusions, or “hopefully it happens,” or “that’s not possible.” I have been carefully studying all policies, executive orders, and actions of the three branches of government and can conclude that great things are on their way as I speak.
Everything has been put in place. In a bigger abstract sense, it has been ordained on December 21st, 2012 by an energy force so great and pure. Some call it God, Gaia, Supreme Being, Mother Nature, the universe, positive energy, “solar flares,” magnetic pole shifts, Schumann Resonance, 5th dimension, whatever it is, has come to take over the timeline and funnel us into the point of inevitability. Right now is an amazing time to tune into your synchronicity. A lot of clues are being laid around you right now for you to reach your higher self, to truly push the boundaries of your potential as a unique individual spirit. You are at the right place at the right time.
-Removal of the Federal Reserve = Freedom from taxes, higher incomes, better benefits. As life becomes more relaxed and leisurely, companies will be competing for your contract. Many other streams of revenue will be accessible.
-Limitless energy: it means the cost of everything plummets. Everything will become very cheap and affordable. I would even recommend people to start designing their dream homes now. Japan is already working on a prototype solar panel that can be placed in space which will have super high levels of energy output.
-As energy becomes free, costs of travel will become significantly reduced and new technologies (Pentagon black projects, recently converted into “Space Force” to be placed under public scrutiny and to disseminate the new technology that has been kept hidden from the masses) will be introduced that will increase the speed of travel to one hour, anywhere in the world. This will jumpstart the true form of globalism as you can work in any place that you want and live separately in any place as well.
-Spiritual awareness - We will all be gaining the ability to astral project! Keep your mind in good shape! Brain damage can make astral projection difficult!
-Life span will greatly increase. As you might have read the recent headline, scientists have cured a HIV patient, the 2nd time we were ever able to do so. Expect a lot more successful headlines in regards to medicine/science. It is actually happening already and a lot of it has to do with removing toxic CEOs and board directors who undermine breakthrough research that improves the human race for their own self-gain.
Resignations of the following CEOs from just the past couple months alone: CEO of Disney CEO of Tinder (why do you think people feel more lonely than ever even with dating apps? Algorithms in dating apps set you up for failure and addiction to maximize profits, but fortunately the corrupt masterminds behind these algorithms are being removed as we speak)
CEO of Hinge
CEO of OkCupid
CEO of Match
CEO of Hulu
CEO of MedMen
CEO of Victoria’s Secret
CEO of Salesforce
CEO of Harley Davidson
CEO of IBM
CEO of T-Mobile
CEO of LinkedIn
CEO of MasterCard
Board member Microsoft Bill Gates
Board member Berkshire Hathaway Bill Gates
CEO of Lockheed Martin
(Many of these were on the day after Weinstein’s arrest. A “checkpoint” that indicates their next move)
+many more in the past two months. In the past three years, resignations of notable CEOs and board members totaled over 11,000.
Where are all these CEOs going? To be honest, I already subtracted a lot of information from this single writeup alone just to condense it as much as possible and will have to unfortunately do the same here since it is a long explanation in itself. Please ignore all other theories and hypotheticals from other people in regards to the CEOs as many of them are starting to spread online. Vast disinformation campaigns are put into place to combat the growing truth.
All you really need to know is that the “good guys” have obtained enough leverage to force them all out.
Those who refuse to comply with resignation orders have a hidden scandal of theirs blown up on the news. This is why so many scandals have been coming to light, not just in the US, but worldwide.
Points I do not have the time to dive into but good to be mindful of:
-High rate of celebrities/politicians contracting coronavirus (involves the bio lab near Wuhan which produced illegal human enhancing chemical compounds) Keep note of their rapidly deteriorating health as they experience withdrawals on a grand scale -Joe Biden’s voter counts (please keep in mind that in 2016, Bernie supporters filed a joint class action lawsuit against the DNC for rigging the primaries and lost on the grounds that the DNC is a private institution and can choose to reveal results and delegates however they choose to do so) -Google/Facebook/other social media companies are uncensored now. Search results are showing authentic results that were once censored or removed from the top results before. #Pizzagate was actually trending on Twitter a couple days ago. -Here is a video from “Event 201” from October 2019 hosted by John Hopkins Center that involves Bill Gates, WHO, CDC, and other nonprofit powerhouses who conveniently set up an exercise dealing with the coronavirus just months prior: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AoLw-Q8X174
Everything I have listed is verifiable and sourced. I am more than happy to provide any additional information that backs up any of my claims.
We are living in interesting times and things are just warming up! I could literally talk for days about the exciting things that have happened and are in development.
History is watching.
Where we go one, we go all.
submitted by mistahbang to C_S_T [link] [comments]


2020.03.02 17:32 CuteBananaMuffin 5 Conspiracy Theories that Turned out to be True [Quite Big Post]

5 Conspiracy Theories that Turned out to be True [Quite Big Post]
by Jonathan Elinoff
2011
from NewWorldOrderReport Website
You can see the documentary, "Core of Corruption - In the Shadows".
In the 1st installment of the film, I cover the grounds that the attacks of 9/11 had complicit parties that have not yet been charged with the crime and the United States is largely unaware of the fact that the attacks on 9/11 were the result of a much larger network of terrorists that go unnamed and are not being pursued. These terrorists include complicit figures from with powerful establishments and governments.
Evidence has mounted that Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Israel and even the United States have a small rogue element from within its intelligence community, namely the counter-intelligence community, that may have had some involvement in the financing, training or carrying out of the attacks. I know it sounds crazy at first, but watch the above documentary on 9/11 and I think you will see the overwhelming evidence for this case.
After reading the article released by Cracked.com, I decided to update and revise their work. The article gave me a chuckle because it lacked many famous and much larger conspiracy theories that became known. Their article had only listed seven.
I can name 33 and I am about to release a revised list soon with 75.
The article I read at Cracked can be viewed here, but don't waste your time, all of that is in this article and more.
Most people can't resist getting the details on the latest conspiracy theories, no matter how far-fetched they may seem. At the same time, many people quickly denounce any conspiracy theory as untrue... and sometimes as unpatriotic or just plain ridiculous.
Lets not forget all of the thousands of conspiracies out of Wall Street like Bernie Madoff and many others to commit fraud and extortion, among many crimes of conspiracy.
USA Today reports that over 75% of personal ads in the paper and on craigslist are married couples posing as single for a one night affair.
When someone knocks on your door to sell you a set of knives or phone cards, anything for that matter, do they have a profit motive? What is conspiracy other than just a scary way of saying “alternative agenda”? When 2 friends go to a bar and begin to plan their wingman approach on 2 girls they see at the bar, how often are they planning on lying to those girls?"I own a small business and am in town for a short while. Oh yeah, you look beautiful.”
Conspiracy theory is a term that originally was a neutral descriptor for any claim of civil, criminal or political conspiracy.
However, it has come almost exclusively to refer to any fringe theory which explains a historical or current event as the result of a secret plot by conspirators of almost superhuman power and cunning.
To conspire means,
"to join in a secret agreement to do an unlawful or wrongful act or to use such means to accomplish a lawful end."
The term "conspiracy theory" is frequently used by scholars and in popular culture to identify secret military, banking, or political actions aimed at stealing power, money, or freedom, from "the people".
To many, conspiracy theories are just human nature. Not all people in this world are honest, hard working and forthcoming about their intentions. Certainly we can all agree on this.
So how did the term “conspiracy theory” get grouped in with fiction, fantasy and folklore? Maybe that’s a conspiracy, just kidding. Or am I?
Skeptics are important in achieving an objective view of reality, however, skeptics is not the same as reinforcing the official storyline. In fact, a conspiracy theory can be argued as an alternative to the official or “mainstream” story of events. Therefore, when skeptics attempt to ridicule a conspiracy theory by using the official story as a means of proving the conspiracy wrong, in effect, they are just reinforcing the original “mainstream” view of history, and actually not being skeptical.
This is not skeptics, it is just a convenient way for the establishment view of things to be seen as the correct version, all the time, every time.
In fact, it is common for "hit pieces" or "debunking articles" to pick extremely fringe and not very populated conspiracy theories. This in turn makes all conspiracies on a subject matter look crazy. Skeptics magazine and Popular Mechanics, among many others, did this with 9/11.
They referred to less than 10% of the many different conspiracy theories about 9/11 and picked the less popular ones, in fact, they picked the fringe, highly improbable points that only a few people make. This was used as the "final investigation" for looking into the conspiracy theories.
Convenient, huh?
In fact, if one were to look into conspiracy theories, they will largely find that thinking about a conspiracy is associated with lunacy and paranoia.
Some websites suggest it as an illness. It is also not surprising to see so many people on the internet writing about conspiracy theories in a condescending tone, usually with the words "kool-aid," "crack pot," or "nut job" in their articulation.
This must be obvious to anyone that emotionally writing about such serious matter insults the reader more than the conspiracy theorist because there is no need to resort to this kind of behavior. It is employed often with an "expert" who will say something along the lines of, "for these conspiracies to be true, you would need hundreds if not thousands of people to be involved. It's just not conceivable."
I find it extremely odd that the assumption is on thousands of participants in a conspiracy. I, for one, find it hard to believe any conspiracy involving more than a handful of people but the fact remains that there have been conspiracies in our world, proven and not made up, that involved many hundreds of people. It's not a matter of opinion, it's a matter of fact.
One more thing to consider, have you noticed that if the conspiracy is involving powerful interests with the ability to bribe, threaten or manipulate major institutions (like the mafia, big corporations or government) then don't you find it odd when people use one of those as the "credible" counter-argument?
What I mean is, if you are discussing a conspiracy about the mafia, and someone hands you a debunking article that was written by the Mafia, it doesn't seem like it would take rocket science to look at that with serious criticism and credibility.
This is the case with many conspiracies. In fact, I am handed debunking pieces all the time written in many cases by the conspirators in question. Doesn't this seem odd to anybody else but me?
While intelligent cynicism certainly can be healthy, though, some of the greatest discoveries of all time were initially received (often with great vitriol) as blasphemous conspiracy theories - think of the revelation that the earth was not the center of the universe, or that the world was not flat but actually round.
What follows are some of these most shocking modern conspiracy theories that turned out true after thorough investigation by our society. Some through congressional hearings, others through investigative journalism. Many of these, however, were just admitted to by those involved. These are just 33 of them, and I still had a long list of others to add.
There are a total of 33 in this article.
Many of these are listed with original and credible news clips on the matter, as well as documentaries.
  1. The Dreyfus Affair
In the late 1800s in France, Jewish artillery officer Alfred Dreyfus was wrongfully convicted of treason based on false government documents, and sentenced to life in prison. The French government did attempt to cover this up, but Dreyfus was eventually pardoned after the affair was made public (an act that is credited to writer Émile Zola).
  1. The Mafia
This secret crime society was virtually unknown until the 1960s, when member Joe Valachi first revealed the society's secrets to law enforcement officials. What was known was that organized crime existed, but not that the extent of their control included working with the CIA, politicians and the biggest businesses in the world. - Many people do not realize that J. Edgar Hoover, the first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States, was appointed director of the Bureau of Investigation - predecessor to the FBI - in 1924 and was instrumental in founding the FBI in 1935, where he remained director until his death in 1972. - Hoover is credited with building the FBI into a large and efficient crime-fighting agency, and with instituting a number of modern innovations to police technology, such as a centralized fingerprint file and forensic laboratories. For the majority of his time as FBI Director, there were numerous Mafia shootings as a result of Prohibition. Hoover continued to deny the very existence of organized crime. Many figures in politics and media denied the existence of the Mafia, which had no official title. - Gangsters like Gambino and Capone were thought of as Street Kings only, just running local operations. It was not until the 1960's until people began to learn that a very organized system of superiors and control existed within the organized crime world. Arnold Rothstein, the man who rigged the World Series, started the major drug trade and is credited as being the "King of the Roaring 20's." - In his biography, he is said to have brought Lucky Luciano into his business and trained him to start "The Commission." Five families in New York would work together and pay their dues. Throughout the entire time the media and the FBI denied the mafia existed, in reality, not only did it exist, but it operated in multiple territories. - Each region had a boss and underboss, with soldiers underneath them. - Above the boss was a Don and even above a Don was more figures. As it went up, regions got larger. It was extremely organized, down to the books. In the 1950's, crime bosses from around the United States met to centralize their power and organize their system. All this time, the public was told that the organized crime world didn't exist, and that all the crimes were committed by local gangsters... - Even with all we knew about how organized the mafia was during prohibition, people still laugh at the idea of organized crime conspiracies taking place in politics. - Usually the excuse people will give you is something along the lines of, "I just don't think people are that organized..." Funny how easy it must be to get away with stuff these days, no one believes its possible.... -

3. MK-ULTRA


Jared Lee Loughner
If you don't know what MK Ultra is, read the 3rd paragraph.
You need to so that you understand conspiracy theorists context in referring to Loughner, the shooter in Arizona, as potential MK Ultra.
Well this is weird, Loughner's attorney, who defended "Unabomber" Ted Kaczynski, also may have represented Tim McVeigh. Tim McVeigh, a lot of people don't know, was seeing the #2 mind sciences doctor in the country ordered by the military from his years in Desert Storm. Some people, like Alex Jones, believe McVeigh was Mk Ultra as well.
It appears Loughner was seen dazed, confused and smiling like a lunatic after the shooting. Very similar to programming side affects, but not evidence yet. One story online shows there is a 2nd man they are seeking for arrest in the shooting, someone who was with Loughner right before the shooting who was meeting with him. They have video of this man from surveillance cameras near by.
I can say this with confidence, it appears there is enough evidence to start the rumor mill over MK Ultra. I expect you will hear conspiracy theorists discussing this shooting for a while, especially if some kind of bill, law or anti-terror act is passed quickly as a result of the trauma and tragedy. What is MK Ultra? Mk Ultra was a code name declassified in the 1970's Church Committee and other lawsuits brought against the government where the public was informed that thousands of people, patients from hospitals, mental health patients, prisoners in the... justice system, and even public citizens were selected for testing without their consent.
Testing was conducted in the 50s, 60s, 70s, 80s and 90s. Some claim they still go on today and provide evidence. The testing includes torture, drugs and exotic hypnosis experiments in an effort to explore the mind, propaganda and other related patterns.
One sub department of the operation included a group of lunatic scientists who were looking to create an assassins program, to see if it was possible to kidnap someone, say an enemy in a country, conduct hypnosis and other techniques learned in Mk Ultra, and send them back to the country with a plan to assassinate their leaders.
That plan is what scares people most. MK Ultra was carried out by the CIA illegally and in the 1970s, hundreds of patients sued the federal government for damages, and the government settled and paid millions of dollars.
Now here is the really trippy, scary info.
Some of these patients where MK Ultra was used include,
Ted Kazinsky (the unabomber) Mark David Chapman (the man who shot Lennon) Sirhan Sirhan (the man who shot Bobby Kennedy) Lee Harvey Oswald is rumored to have attended a base in Japan before heading to Russia where MK Ultra experiments were taking place
David Ferrie, Oswald's boss for a long period of time, is said to have been an MK Ultra specialist and specialized in hypnosis and believe it or not, sexual molestation to mess with his patients heads. David Ferrie was a convicted child predator who left the Catholic Church to train Black Operations hitmen for the invasion of Cuba.
David Ferrie taught the Louisiana Civil Air Patrol where both Lee Harvey Oswald and Barry Seal joined as 15 year old children. Barry Seal became the primary operative in Iran-Contra who ran drugs for the CIA and was an active contract hitman, Oswald was accused of killing John F Kennedy.
David Ferrie was murdered, made to look like a suicide, the night before his testimony in a trial Jim Garrison brought against the CIA where he accused Ferrie and others of using Oswald as a patsy...
I have tons more info on this subject matter for my film "Convenient Deaths: History of Assassinations, Black Operations and the CIA"
George H.W. Bush was Director of the CIA during the time many of the MK Ultra cases were brought against the government. He was a major oil tycoon and Skull and Bones man who was active in CIA operations before that and after his director position at the CIA was Vice President of the CIA.
H.W. Bush later became president after previously sitting as Vice President during the Reagan Years.
Many people have pointed out George HW Bush's connections to the Kennedy Assassination during the years Bush Sr. was involved with CIA Operations against Cuba while he owned Zapata Oil. Lee Harvey Oswald even attended a social dinner with CIA operatives where Bush Sr. was present years before the assassination, as pointed out in many books and research by investigators.
One good book that will fill you in on all this is "Family of Secrets."
A film that came out a few years ago attempted to show the connections of Bush Sr. to Kennedy's assassination called JFK II which you can view here:
THE VIDEO WAS DELETED.
John Hinckley, Jr. and President Reagan
In 1980, Hinckley Sr. was a Texas oilman who, the records show, strove mightily to get fellow Texas oilman George H.W. Bush the Republican nomination for president.
The Bushes and the Hinckleys were frequent dinner companions. An almost bewildered John Chancellor on NBC Nightly News reported "the bizarre coincidence" that Vice President Bush's son, Neil, and Scott Hinckley had dinner plans for March 31, 1981 - now cancelled, of course.
[But even Chancellor failed to mention the close friendship between the the assassin's father and Vice President Bush - let alone the rest of the corporate media.]
Here is the NBC Clip that I found in archives and shared with the internet a while ago. This same clip, along with countless others, were collected for the documentary film series, Core of Corruption and they were also given to Jason Bermas to appear in Invisible Empire.
Reports indicate that the Bush family strove mightily to keep this information from the American people. And some reports list this incredible "coincidence" - directly linked to the assassination attempt of President Reagan - as one of the most spiked stories of the last century.
In other words, the brother of the shooter and the son of the vice-president (and their wives) had a dinner date for the day after the shooting. But it really wasn’t such "a bizarre coincidence." Those two families were very close; but the press never focused on that critical fact as it should have. If Reagan had died, the oilmen’s interests would have been served.
The weirdest part about it was that Hinkley was able to make and receive phone calls from his hotel room but chose to walk a great distance and wait by a public payphone where he waited for contacts everyday, as though it was apart of a conspiracy with co-conspirators...
A very good read on the Hinckley-Bush connections is a book that came out about 20 years ago, entitled, "The Afternoon of March 30." It was published as a novel in order to protect the author.
Neil Bush, a landman for Amoco Oil, told Denver reporters he had met Scott Hinckley at a surprise party at the Bush home January 23, 1981 [Nine weeks before Hinckley's brother John Jr. attempted to assassinate President Reagan - which would have elevated Bush Sr. to the presidency], and approximately three weeks after the U.S. Department of Energy had begun what was termed a "routine audit" of the books of the Vanderbilt Energy Corporation, the Hinckley oil company.
In an incredible coincidence, on the morning of March 30 [the day of the Reagan assassination attempt by John Hinckley, Jr.], three representatives of the U.S. Department of Energy told Scott Hinckley, John Hinckley Jr.'s older brother and Vanderbilt's vice president of operations, that auditors had uncovered evidence of pricing violations on crude oil sold by the company from 1977 through 1980.
The auditors announced that the federal government was considering a penalty of two million dollars. [This, on the same day that his brother John - the youngest son of Vice President Bush's close friend - attempted the assassination!]
Scott Hinckley reportedly requested "several hours to come up with an explanation" of the serious overcharges.
The meeting ended a little more than an hour before John Hinckly Jr. shot President Reagan.
Excerpts from an interview by Theresa Walla United Press International March 9, 1985
Journalism professor Nathaniel Blumberg was so disturbed about the investigation into the attempted assassination of President Reagan that he turned his suspicions into a 377-page novel. In The Afternoon of March 30 , Blumberg blends fact and fiction in looking at the unreported "connections" between Hinckley's family and that of Vice President George Bush, the man who came within a heartbeat of the presidency of the United States. "What I'm really after is the case to be officially reopened," said the Rhodes scholar and former dean of the University of Montana journalism school.
"If they can answer all the questions satisfactorily, I'll be delighted," he said in an interview. "In truth, I don't think all the questions can be answered without opening up a whole new can of worms." Blumberg's unease is now focused on the indifference shown to what he calls "the story behind the story."
Bush, he said, has questions to answer in connection with the attempt. So do the FBI and the judge who presided over Hinckley's trial, according to Blumberg. "I'm not saying there was a conspiracy to assassinate Reagan," Blumberg emphasized. "I'm saying there was a conspiracy to keep significant information from the public that it has a right to know." Blumberg asks his readers to consider his contentions that journalists were fed a barely believable story full of inconsistencies. A long-time media critic, he decided the example warranted more than a critique of press performance in a crisis. Such efforts, he said, usually "go out there and die."
Instead, he chose to weave his questions into a novel so it would reach a broader audience and allow him to probe problems in society and corruption in government, as well as maladies of the U.S. press.
Here are some of the videos of the testimony from MK Ultra survivors during court cases against the government:
VIDEOS DELETED. (i will try to find other sources for the deleted videos) there are 12 deleted videos.

In the 1950s to the 1970s, the CIA mind-control project was aimed at finding a "truth serum" to use on communist spies.
Test subjects were given LSD and other drugs, often without consent, and some were tortured. At least one man, civilian biochemist Frank Olson, who was working for the government, died as a result of the experiments. The project was finally exposed after investigations by the Rockefeller Commission.
Watch a video about MK-ULTRA from a documentary called Secrets of The CIA...

4. Operation Mockingbird

Also in the 1950s to '70s, the CIA paid a number of well-known domestic and foreign journalists (from big-name media outlets like Time, The Washington Post, The New York Times, CBS and others) to publish CIA propaganda.
The CIA also reportedly funded at least one movie, the animated "Animal Farm," by George Orwell.
The Church Committee finally exposed the activities in 1975.
In 1953, Joseph Alsop, then one of America's leading syndicated columnists, went to the Philippines to cover an election.
He did not go because he was asked to do so by his syndicate. He did not go because he was asked to do so by the newspapers that printed his column. He went at the request of the CIA. Alsop is one of more than 400 American journalists who in the past 25 years have secretly carried out assignments for the Central Intelligence Agency according to documents on file at CIA headquarters. Some of these journalists' relationships with the Agency were tacit; some were explicit. There was cooperation, accommodation and overlap.
Journalists provided a full range of clandestine services - from simple intelligence-gathering to serving as go-betweens with spies in Communist countries. Reporters shared their notebooks with the CIA. Editors shared their staffs. Some of the journalists were Pulitzer Prize winners, distinguished reporters who considered themselves ambassadors without portfolio for their country.
Most were less exalted: foreign correspondents who found that their association with the Agency helped their work; stringers and freelancers who were as interested in the derring-do of the spy business as in filing articles; and, the smallest category, full-time CIA employees masquerading as journalists abroad.
In many instances, CIA documents show, journalists were engaged to perform tasks for the CIA with the consent of the managements of America's leading news organizations. The history of the CIA's involvement with the American press continues to be shrouded by an official policy of obfuscation and deception for the following principal reasons: The use of journalists has been among the most productive means of intelligence-gathering employed by the CIA. Although the agency has cut back sharply on the use of reporters since 1973 (primarily as a result of pressure from the media), some journalists are still posted abroad.
Further investigation into the matter, CIA officials say, would inevitably reveal a series of embarrassing relationships in the 1950's and 1960's with some of the most powerful organizations and individuals in American journalism. Among the executives who lent their cooperation to the Agency were: William Paley of the Columbia Broadcasting System Henry Luce of Time Inc. Arthur Hays Sulzberger of the New York Times Barry Bingham Sr. of the Louisville Courier-Journal James Copley of the Copley News Services Other organizations which cooperated with the CIA include: the American Broadcasting Company the National Broadcasting Company the Associated Press United Press International Reuters Hearst Newspapers Scripps-Howard Newsweek magazine the Mutual Broadcasting System the Miami Herald the old Saturday Evening Post New York Herald-Tribune By far the most valuable of these associations, according to CIA officials, have been with, the New York Times CBS Time Inc. [...] Appropriately, the CIA uses the term 'reporting' to describe much of what cooperating journalists did for the Agency. "We would ask them, 'Will you do us a favor?'" said a senior CIA official.
"'We understand you're going to be in Yugoslavia. Have they paved all the streets? Where did you see planes? Were there any signs of military presence? How many Soviets did you see? If you happen to meet a Soviet, get his name and spell it right... Can you set up a meeting for us? Or arrange a message?'" Many CIA officials regarded these helpful journalists as operatives: the journalists tended to see themselves as trusted friends of the Agency who performed occasional favors - usually without pay - in the national interest. [...] Two of the Agency's most valuable relationships in the 1960's, according to CIA officials, were with reporters who covered Latin America - Jerry O'Leary of the Washington Star and Hal Hendrix of Miami News, a Pulitzer Prize winner who became a high official of the International Telephone and Telegraph Corporation.
Hendrix was extremely helpful to the Agency in providing information about individuals in Miami's Cuban exile community. [....]
A note about Hendrix - he was the one who Seth Kantor, reporting on the JFK assassination, was told to call for 'background' on Oswald after Oswald's arrest.
Hendrix, from Miami, had all the info on Oswald's pro-Castro leafleting activities in New Orleans, details about Oswald's defection to the Soviet Union, etc.
Only years later did Kantor realize the significance of a guy like Hendrix, CIA, having so much info on Oswald so soon after the assassination.
"The Central Intelligence Agency owns everyone of any significance in the major media." - William Colby, former CIA Director, quoted by Dave Mcgowan, Derailing Democracy "You could get a journalist cheaper than a good call girl, for a couple hundred dollars a month." - CIA operative, discussing the availability and prices of journalists willing to peddle CIA propaganda and cover stories. Katherine the Great, by Deborah Davis "There is quite an incredible spread of relationships. You don’t need to manipulate Time magazine, for example, because there are [Central Intelligence] Agency people at the management level." - William B. Bader, former CIA intelligence officer, briefing members of the Senate Intelligence Committee, The CIA and the Media, by Carl Bernstein "The Agency's relationship with [The New York] Times was by far its most valuable among newspapers, according to CIA officials. [It was] general Times policy ... to provide assistance to the CIA whenever possible." - The CIA and the Media, by Carl Bernstein "Senator William Proxmire has pegged the number of employees of the federal intelligence community at 148,000 ... though Proxmire's number is itself a conservative one. The "intelligence community" is officially defined as including only those organizations that are members of the U.S. Intelligence Board (USIB); a dozen other agencies, charged with both foreign and domestic intelligence chores, are not encompassed by the term... The number of intelligence workers employed by the federal government is not 148,000, but some undetermined multiple of that number." - Jim Hougan, Spooks "For some time I have been disturbed by the way the CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the government.... I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations." - former President Harry Truman, 22 December 1963, one month after the JFK assassination, op-ed section of the Washington Post, early edition

5. Manhattan Project

The Manhattan Project was the codename for a project conducted during World War II to develop the first atomic bomb.
The project was led by the United States, and included participation from the United Kingdom and Canada. Formally designated as the Manhattan Engineer District (MED), it refers specifically to the period of the project from 1942-1946 under the control of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, under the administration of General Leslie R. Groves.
The scientific research was directed by American physicist 'J. Robert OppenhMafia.'
The project's roots lay in scientists' fears since the 1930s that Nazi Germany was also investigating nuclear weapons of its own. Born out of a small research program in 1939, the Manhattan Project eventually employed more than 130,000 people and cost nearly US$2 billion ($22 billion in current value).
It resulted in the creation of multiple production and research sites that operated in secret. With the total involved, this makes it one of the largest conspiracies in history. Entire towns were built for short periods of time, employing people, all under secrecy and top national secrecy at that.
The government never admitted to it, the media never reported on it, and people had no idea for over 25 years.
Project research took place at over thirty sites across the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. The three primary research and production sites of the project were the plutonium-production facility at what is now the Hanford Site, the uranium-enrichment facilities at Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and the weapons research and design laboratory now known as Los Alamos National Laboratory.
The MED maintained control over U.S. weapons production until the formation of the Atomic Energy Commission in January 1947.
submitted by CuteBananaMuffin to conspiracy [link] [comments]


2019.11.27 02:35 play_it_safe [OFFER] Take Uber/Lyft ride, I'll pay you $3 for it AND you get $5 x 2 bonus from them, no minimum cashout amount (Freebird app)

US only, need debit card to cash out to (no minimum withdrawal), need to sign in to CC/debit account and pay with that card
You'll pay for first ride out of pocket, and get $5 referral credit on first ride (and $3 from me) and then another $5 on second ride (and can probably get promo code to apply for second one)
Freebird is essentially a ridesharing (Uber mostly, now Lyft, too) cashback app that acts like a portal to Uber and Lyft, much like eBates in a way. This is all guaranteed to work with Uber, so I'm sticking with that.
This is a bit involved but well worth it and very straightforward. Exact instructions follow.
1) Download Freebird app (NOT Freebirds, the burrito place!) by clicking the follwing link: https://my.fbird.co/G30ebkDrzT
2) Make an account by linking your Uber account, and then go to Profile>Promo Codes in Freebird app and enter the referral code p96b1 (just in case it didn't apply through using the above link).
PM me at this point with your first name and I will confirm for you that your signup is indeed tied to my referal for the $5 x 2 from the app later on
3) Go to Profile>Payment Methods to link the CC/debit card you use for your regular Uber app. They must be the same. Now you're all set up! You can take the ride whenever you want after this.
4) When you're ready to take your ride, do the following:
Book a ride using above payment method through the Freebird app, not through Uber app! It says to a movie theater but can be anywhere.
After the ride is complete, you'll get a $5 referral bonus and you can cash it out with no minimum withdrawal required to a debit card.
5) PM me the name you sent me after Step 2 and your Paypal email. If it checks out, I'll send $3 to your PayPal. It may take me up to an hour or so to verify get you the funds -- I'm only checking my reddit periodically! So don't freak out if I don't respond immediately
6) Take the second ride if you want. I won't be paying anything for this one, but the second one will get you another $5 referral promo and before taking the ride, you should put in the codes at the end of this post to see if one works
Here is how the screen should look with promo code applied; make sure promo code you want to use shows.
If you have more than one phone numbeUber account, I'll pay out for each time you do it.
If you have any questions at all, PM or comment, and also let me know if my instructions are uncleaneed revising.
Photo proof of how the promo codes load and cash out
Previous times I ran this offer with payout confirmations there too: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
My rep profile
And my GCExchange profile
PROMO codes to try right now AFTER first ride with my referral code are V2DEA, GO2TEN, 3TENBACK, and URBDAY1 (app will tell you if they do or don't when you enter them on the promo code screen).
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The Arbitrator will render an award within the timeframe specified in the AAA Rules. Judgment on the arbitration award may be entered in any court having competent jurisdiction to do so. The Arbitrator may award declaratory or injunctive relief only in favor of the claimant and only to the extent necessary to provide relief warranted by the claimant's individual claim. An Arbitrator’s decision shall be final and binding on all parties. An Arbitrator’s decision and judgment thereon shall have no precedential or collateral estoppel effect. The party that prevails in arbitration will be entitled to an award of attorneys' fees and expenses, to the extent allowedunder applicable law.
If any portion of this Arbitration Agreement is found to be unenforceable or unlawful for any reason, (1) the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall be severed from these Terms; (2) severance of the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall have no impact whatsoever on the remainder of the Arbitration Agreement or the parties’ ability to compel arbitration of any remaining claims on an individual basis pursuant to the Arbitration Agreement; and (3) to the extent that any claims must therefore proceed on a class, collective, consolidated, or representative basis, such claims must be litigated in a civil court of competent jurisdiction and not in arbitration, and the parties agree that litigation of those claims shall be stayed pending the outcome of any individual claims in arbitration.
User Accounts, Feedback and Copyrightable Content When you download the Application, you will be required to set up an account with Freebird Rides (“Account”). As part of the registration process, you will berequired to give us certain information such as your name, address, mobile phone number and age, as well as banking information for deposits of amounts to be reimbursed to you. You agree to maintain accurate, complete, and up-to-date information in your Account. Your failure to do so may result in your inability to access or use the Services. You may only have one Account and may not allow any third party to use your Account for any purpose.
You are responsible for any costs or fees related to network access and data or messaging fees for your mobile device and for the security of your loginIDand password related to your Account, as well as for all activity that occurs under your Account.
You must be 18 or older to access the Services, and you warrant andrepresent that you are 18 or over. You may not assign these Terms to any third party. If you do, Freebird Rides may, at its sole option, retroactively declare any such assignment void at the moment of assignment. You may not use your Account or access theServices for any purpose not in compliance with applicable law, and you may not use the Services in a manner that causes nuisance, annoyance, damage, or inconvenience to any third party.
The Services may permit you to submit feedback, user community contributions and comments, technical support information, suggestions, enhancement requests, recommendations, and messages relating to the use and operation of the Service(“User Content”). You grant to us a royalty-free, fully paid, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, transferable license to display, use, copy, modify, publish, perform, translate, create derivative works from, sublicense, distribute, and otherwise exploit User Contentwithout restriction.
We respect the intellectual propertyrights of others. We reserve the right to remove any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's copyright, trademark or other intellectual property right, and/or terminate, discontinue, suspend or restrict the account or ability to visit and/or use the Services or remove, edit, or disable any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's intellectual property rights. We provide this policy pursuant to Section 512 of the Copyright Revision Act, as enacted through the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA").
A valid complaint under the DMCA must provide the following information in writing: An electronic or physical signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Identification of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed. Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing and where it is located on the Service. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact you, such as your address, telephone number, and, email address. A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or law. A statement, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information is accurate, and that you are the copyright owner or are authorized to act on behalf of the owner.
FEDERAL LAW PROVIDES THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE MATERIAL IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY AND CIVIL PENALTIES, INCLUDING MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS' FEES.
The above information must be submitted to Freebird at: [email protected]
Payment Terms Payment Process: When you download the Application and register for an Account, you will receive access to available offers made by Member Businesses (each an “Offer”). If you accept an Offer and hail a ride pursuant to an Offer, payment for the total amount of the ride will be made to the rideshare operator using your credit card or other payment method on file with such rideshare operator. Payment will be governed by your agreement with the rideshare operator and any applicable agreement with your credit card company.
You must link one or more of your credit or debit cards with Freebird Rides to enable Freebird Rides to validate you have made a purchase at the Member Business establishment (each a “Linked Card”). When you reach the Member Business establishment and make a purchase there with a Linked Card, Freebird Rides will receive notice of the purchase and other payment information, including the date and time of purchase, amount of purchase, last four digits of the credit card number, city/state/zip code, and payment card type (“Payment Information”). You give permission to each Member Business and credit card processing company to share the Payment Information with Freebird Rides. Providing this information to Freebird Rides allows Freebird Rides to track the value of the Services on behalf of Member Businesses. Freebird Rides will keep confidential all Payment Information in accordance with applicable law and best industry practices and will not use such Payment Information for any purpose whatsoever, other than as set forth herein.
Upon receipt of notice that you have made a purchase, Freebird Rides will transfer credit from the Member Business’s account with Freebird Rides directly to your Account subject to the operating procedures of your bank. The amount will show as pending until such time as settlement occurs (usually within 72 hours), at which time you may transfer the credit into the bank account you have given us for the purposes of making reimbursements to you.
You are required to make a purchase at the Member Business before receiving reimbursement, but no specific amount of purchase is required.
If, for any reason, you do not make a purchase at the Member Business, you will not be reimbursed for the amount paid to the rideshare operator. If you have not created a Linked Card that matches the card you used to make a purchase at the Member Business within 45 days of such purchase, you will no longer be entitled to receive the Member Offer for that purchase. If, for any reason, your Linked Card does not match your transaction at a Member Business and you do not receive the Member Offer, you must report the issue to Freebird Rides by creating a ticket with Freebird Rides customer support within 45 days of your transaction date. If you do not create a support ticket within 45 days of such ride to a Member Business, you will forfeit your unclaimed Member Offer. Freebird Rides makes reimbursements based on the conditions set forth herein, and any exceptions or other allowances will be at the sole discretion of Freebird Rides.
Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability; Indemnity Disclaimer: THE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." FREEBIRD RIDES DISCLAIMS ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, NOT EXPRESSLY SET OUT IN THESE TERMS, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN ADDITION, FREEBIRD RIDES MAKES NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, OR GUARANTEE REGARDING THE RELIABILITY, TIMELINESS, QUALITY, SUITABILITY, OR AVAILABILITY OF THE SERVICES OR ANY SERVICES REQUESTED THROUGH THE USE OF THE SERVICES OR GOODS OBTAINED AT ANY MEMBER BUSINESS, OR THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE QUALITY, SUITABILITY, SAFETY OR ABILITY OF THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS. YOU AGREE THAT THE ENTIRE RISK ARISING OUT OF YOUR USE OF THE SERVICES, AND ANY SERVICE OR GOOD REQUESTED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH, REMAINS SOLELY WITH YOU, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW.
Limitation of Liability: FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA, PERSONAL INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RELATED TO, IN CONNECTION WITH, OR OTHERWISE RESULTING FROM ANY USE OF THE SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE NEGLIGENCE (EITHER ACTIVE, AFFIRMATIVE, SOLE, OR CONCURRENT) OF FREEBIRD RIDES, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, LIABILITY OR LOSSES ARISING OUT OF: (i) YOUR USE OF OR RELIANCE ON THE SERVICES OR YOUR INABILITY TO ACCESS OR USE THE SERVICES; OR (ii) ANY TRANSACTION OR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND ANY THIRD PARTY PROVIDER, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DELAY OR FAILURE IN PERFORMANCE RESULTING FROM CAUSES BEYOND FREEBIRD RIDES'S REASONABLE CONTROL. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION SERVICES, ACCOMMODATIONS, MEALS OR OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS MAY NOT BE PROFESSIONALLY LICENSED OR PERMITTED.
THE SERVICES MAY BE USED BY YOU TO REQUEST AND SCHEDULE TRANSPORTATION WTH THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS, BUT YOU AGREE THAT FREEBIRD RIDES HAS NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY TO YOU RELATED TO ANY TRANSPORTATION PROVIDED TO YOU BY THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS OR GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBER BUSINESSES OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS.
THE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER IN THIS SECTION DO NOT PURPORT TO LIMIT LIABILITY OR ALTER YOUR RIGHTS AS A CONSUMER THAT CANNOT BE EXCLUDED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF OR THE LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, IN SUCH STATES OR JURISDICTIONS, FREEBIRD RIDES’S LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. THIS PROVISION SHALL HAVE NO EFFECT ON FREEBIRD RIDES’S CHOICE OF LAW PROVISION SET FORTH BELOW.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE TO YOU, OR ANY OTHER PARTY, FOR TAXES OR OTHER LIABILITIES RELATED TO THE RECEIPT OF CASH PRIZES, NON-MONETARY PRIZES OR REWARDS OR ANY OTHER INCOME YOU MAY RECEIVE FROM USE OF THE SERVICES. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE BY USING THE SERVICES THAT YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY AND ALL SUCH LIABILITIES.
Indemnity: You agree to defend, indemnify and hold Freebird Rides and its affiliates and their officers, directors, employees, and agents harmless from and against any and all claims, demands, losses, liabilities, and expenses (including attorneys' fees), arising out of or related to: (i) your use of the Services or services or goods obtained through your use of the Services; (ii) your breach or violation of any of these Terms; (iii) the acts or omissions of any third-party provider, Member Business, or third party, including any claim related to a personal injury occurring en route to a Member Business and any claim related to a good purchased from a Member Business; or (iv) your violation of the rights of any third party, including third party providers.
Choice of Law These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., without reference to or application of its conflict of law principles, except as may be otherwise provided in the Arbitration Agreement above. The foregoing choice of law and forum selection provisions do not apply to the arbitration clause in the Terms or to any arbitrable disputes as defined therein. Instead, the Federal Arbitration Act shall apply to any such disputes.
Notice Freebird Rides may give notice by means of a general notice on the Services, electronic mail to your email address in your Account, telephone or text message to any phone number provided in connection with your account, or by written communication sent by first class mail or pre-paid post to any address connected with your Account. Such notice shall be deemed to have been given upon the expiration of 48 hours after mailing or posting (if sent by first class mail or pre-paid post) or 12 hours after sending (if sent by email or telephone). You may give notice to Freebird Rides, with such notice deemed given when received by Freebird Rides, at any time by first class mail or pre-paid post to Mobileoffer, Inc., 26500 Agora Road, Calabasas, CA 91302. You may also give notice to Freebird Rides via e-mail directed to [email protected]. E-mail notice shall be deemed delivered when affirmatively acknowledged by Freebird Rides.
General No joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you or Freebird Rides as a result of these Terms or use of the Services. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision shall be struck and the remaining provisions shall be enforced to the fullest extent possible under law. Freebird Rides' failure to enforce any right or provision in these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by Freebird Rides in writing. This provision shall not affect any portion of the Arbitration Agreement of these Terms. These Terms are the complete and fully integrated expression of the parties’ agreement with respect to the matters addressed herein and may be modified or supplemented only by written agreement signed by the parties or as set forth in the Terms.
submitted by play_it_safe to signupsforpay [link] [comments]


2019.11.21 16:44 play_it_safe [OFFER] Take Uber/Lyft ride, I'll pay you $3 for it AND you get $5 x 2 bonus from them, no minimum cashout amount (Freebird app)

US only, need debit card to cash out to (no minimum withdrawal), need to sign in to CC/debit account and pay with that card
You'll pay for first ride out of pocket, and get $5 referral credit on first ride (and $3 from me) and then another $5 on second ride (and can probably get promo code to apply for second one)
Freebird is essentially a ridesharing (Uber mostly, now Lyft, too) cashback app that acts like a portal to Uber and Lyft, much like eBates in a way. This is all guaranteed to work with Uber, so I'm sticking with that.
This is a bit involved but well worth it and very straightforward. Exact instructions follow.
1) Download Freebird app (NOT Freebirds, the burrito place!) by clicking the follwing link: https://my.fbird.co/G30ebkDrzT
2) Make an account by linking your Uber account, and then go to Profile>Promo Codes in Freebird app and enter the referral code p96b1 (just in case it didn't apply through using the above link).
PM me at this point with your first name and I will confirm for you that your signup is indeed tied to my referal for the $5 x 2 from the app later on
3) Go to Profile>Payment Methods to link the CC/debit card you use for your regular Uber app. They must be the same. Now you're all set up! You can take the ride whenever you want after this.
4) When you're ready to take your ride, do the following:
Book a ride using above payment method through the Freebird app, not through Uber app! It says to a movie theater but can be anywhere.
After the ride is complete, you'll get a $5 referral bonus and you can cash it out with no minimum withdrawal required to a debit card.
5) PM me the name you sent me after Step 2 and your Paypal email. If it checks out, I'll send $3 to your PayPal. It may take me up to an hour or so to verify get you the funds -- I'm only checking my reddit periodically! So don't freak out if I don't respond immediately
6) Take the second ride if you want. I won't be paying anything for this one, but the second one will get you another $5 referral promo and before taking the ride, you should put in the codes at the end of this post to see if one works
Here is how the screen should look with promo code applied; make sure promo code you want to use shows.
If you have more than one phone numbeUber account, I'll pay out for each time you do it.
If you have any questions at all, PM or comment, and also let me know if my instructions are uncleaneed revising.
Photo proof of how the promo codes load and cash out
Previous times I ran this offer with payout confirmations there too: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
My rep profile
And my GCExchange profile
PROMO codes to try right now AFTER first ride with my referral code are V2DEA, GO2TEN, 3TENBACK, and URBDAY1 (app will tell you if they do or don't when you enter them on the promo code screen).
Terms and conditions
Last Updated: April 2, 2019
Welcome to Mobileoffer, Inc. dba Freebird Rides –the world’s first and only platform that allows you to earn valuable points and cash rewards for simply riding with a rideshare service. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THAT FREEBIRD RIDES PROVIDES A REFERRAL SERVICE, SIMPLY CONNECTING YOU WITH ONE OR MORE RIDESHARE SERVICES THAT MAY TAKE YOU TO THE ESTABLISHMENTS OF VARIOUS BUSINESSES. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY RIDESHARE SERVICES, AND IT DOES NOT OFFER ANY OF THE SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT MAY BE OFFERED BY ANY ESTABLISHMENT TO WHICH THE RIDESHARE SERVICE CONVEYS YOU. YOU AGREE THAT ANY RIDESHARE SERVICE AND ANY ESTABLISHMENT YOU VISIT ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR CONDUCT AND LIABILITIES. FREEBIRD RIDES’ SOLE RESPONSIBILITIES AND LIABILITIES ARE THOSE SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS OF SERVICE.
IN ADDITION, THESE TERMSCONTAIN AN ARIBTRATION THAT REQUIRES YOU TO RESOLVE ANY DISPUTE WITH MOBILEOFFER, INC. dba FREEBIRD RIDES THROUGH BINDING ARBITRATION. THEREFORE,PLEASE REVIEW THE ARBITRATION AGREEMENT SET FORTH BELOW CAREFULLY. BY AGREEING TOTHESETERMS OF SERVICE, YOUEXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL OF THE ARBITRATION TERMS, AS WELL AS THE OTHER TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ABIDE BY THOSE TERMS. PLEASE TAKE THE TIME TO READ THEM CAREFULLY, AS THEY CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION REGARDING YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS, REMEDIES, AND OBLIGATIONS, INCLUDING LIABILITY LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS.
Contract Formation These Terms of Service ("Terms") govern your access or use of the applications, websites, content, products, and services (the "Services")made available by Freebird Rides and its affiliates, employees, agents, and officers (collectively, "Freebird Rides", "we", "us" and "our").These Terms create a binding, enforceable legal agreement between Freebird Rides and you. These Terms may therefore be referred to herein as the "Agreement". In these Terms, the words "including" and "include" mean "including, but not limited to."
By accessing or using the Services, you confirm your agreement to be bound by these Terms. If you do not agree to these Terms, you may not access or use the Services. These Terms expressly supersede any prior agreements or arrangements with you. Freebird Rides may immediately terminate these Terms or any Services with respect to you, or generally cease offering or deny access to the Services or any portion thereof, at any time for any reason.
Freebird Rides may also amend these Terms from time to time. Your continued use of the Servicesafter these Terms have been changed or revised (as indicated by the “Last Updated” date set forth above)indicates your ongoing acceptance of these Terms, including any amendedor revisedTerms.
You agree that this Agreementis entered into electronically and that Freebird Rides may contact you electronically at the e-mail address and mobile telephone number connected with your account, whether provided to us directly or through Uber, for the purposes of communicating with you about your account and for marketing purposes. You may opt out of any marketing messages by sending us notice of your opt out to [email protected]. Please review our Privacy Policy located at https://www.freebirdrides.com/privacy/ as you must also agree to the terms and conditions of said Privacy Policy in order to use the Services.
The Services Freebird Rides is a referral service. Freebird Rides contracts with businesses that wish to encourage customers to visit their places of business (“Member Businesses”) by offering to reimburse their potential customers for some or all of their costs of obtaining transportation from a third party rideshare service such as Uber or Lyft. Freebird Rides’ Services include access to a mobile application and related tools (the “Application”) that integrate with the rideshare services, track the offers of Member Businesses, and communicate them to you. When you become a customer of a Member Business by making a purchase at the Member Business, the Application handles reimbursement to you in the amount of the offer from the Member Business or the cost of the ride, whichever is less.
The Services are made available to you for your own personal and non-commercial use. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT PROVIDING THE SERVICES DOES NOT MAKE FREEBIRD RIDES A TRANSPORTATION PROVIDER, DELIVERY SERVICE, OR CARRIER.
Please note that if you have not completed a ride on Freebird for six consecutive months, any Freebird reward points that you may have accrued will expire with no value. Freebird may also offset the reward points you are owed against any amount you owe Freebird.
License and Restrictions Related to the Services Subject to your compliance with these Terms, Freebird Rides grants you a limited, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, revocable, non-transferable license to: (i) access and use the Application on your personal device solely in connection with your use of the Services; and (ii) access and use any content, information and related materials that may be made available through the Services, in each case solely for your personal, noncommercial use. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Freebird Rides. You may not use any of Freebird Rides’ trademarks, logos, or other intellectual property except as expressly provided in theseTerms.
You may not: (i) remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary notices from any portion of the Services; (ii) reproduce, modify, prepare derivative works based upon, distribute, license, lease, sell, resell,transfer, publicly display, publicly perform, transmit, stream, broadcast or otherwise exploit the Services except as expressly permitted by Freebird Rides; (iii) decompile, reverse engineer or disassemble the Services except as may be permitted by applicable law; (iv) link to, mirror or frame any portion of the Services; (v) cause or launch any programs or scripts for the purpose of scraping, indexing, surveying, or otherwise data mining any portion of the Services or unduly burdening or hindering the operation and/or functionality of any aspect of the Services; or (vi) attempt to gain unauthorized access to or impair any aspect of the Services or its related systems or networks.
In connection with the Services, you may access services offered by third parties (“Third-Party Services”). Those Third-Party Services may involve drink and food specials from Member Businesses and other advertising offered by third parties. These third parties and the Third-Party Services are not governed by these Terms, and you acknowledge that your relationships with such third parties, including any liability relating to those relationships, are governed by your contracts and other legal relationships with those parties. This includes your relationships with rideshare providers,Member Businesses, and any other third parties who may advertise using the Services or with whom you may come in contact through the Services.
Agreement to Binding Arbitration You and Freebird Rides agree that any dispute, claim or controversy arising out of or relating to (a) these Terms or the existence, breach, termination, enforcement, interpretation or validity thereof, or (b) your access to or use of the Services at any time, whether before or after the date you agreed to the Terms, will be settledby binding arbitration between you and Freebird Rides, and not in a court of law.
You acknowledge and agree that you and Freebird Rides are each waiving the right to a trial by jury or to participate as a plaintiff or class member in any purported class action or representative proceeding. Unless both you and Freebird Rides otherwise agree in writing, any arbitration will be conducted only on an individual basis and not in a class, collective, consolidated, or representative proceeding. However, you and Freebird Rides each retain the right to bring an individual action in small claims court and the right to seek injunctive or other equitable relief in a court of competent jurisdiction to prevent the actual or threatened infringement, misappropriation or violation of a party's copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents or other intellectual property rights.
The arbitration will be administered by the American Arbitration Association ("AAA") in accordance with the AAA’s Consumer Arbitration Rules and the Supplementary Procedures for Consumer Related Disputes (the "AAA Rules") then in effect, except as modified by this Arbitration Agreement. The AAA Rules are available at www.adr.org/arb_med or by calling the AAA at1-800-778-7879.
The parties agree that the arbitrator (“Arbitrator”), and not any federal, state, or local court or agency, shall have exclusive authority to resolve any disputes relating to the interpretation, applicability, enforceability or formation of this Arbitration Agreement, including any claim that all or any part of this Arbitration Agreement is void or voidable. The Arbitrator shall also be responsible for determining all threshold arbitrability issues, including issues relating to whether theTerms are unconscionable or illusory and any defense to arbitration, including waiver, delay, laches, or estoppel.
Notwithstanding any choice of law or other provision in the Terms, the parties agree and acknowledge that this Arbitration Agreement evidences a transaction involving interstate commerce and that the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1 et seq. (“FAA”), will govern its interpretation and enforcement and proceedings pursuant thereto. It is the intent of the parties that the FAA and AAA Rules shall preempt all state laws to the fullest extent permitted by law. If the FAA and AAA Rules are found to not apply to any issue that arises under this Arbitration Agreement or the enforcement thereof,then that issue shall be resolved under the laws of the State of Californiawithout reference to or application of any conflict of law rules.
The Arbitrator will render an award within the timeframe specified in the AAA Rules. Judgment on the arbitration award may be entered in any court having competent jurisdiction to do so. The Arbitrator may award declaratory or injunctive relief only in favor of the claimant and only to the extent necessary to provide relief warranted by the claimant's individual claim. An Arbitrator’s decision shall be final and binding on all parties. An Arbitrator’s decision and judgment thereon shall have no precedential or collateral estoppel effect. The party that prevails in arbitration will be entitled to an award of attorneys' fees and expenses, to the extent allowedunder applicable law.
If any portion of this Arbitration Agreement is found to be unenforceable or unlawful for any reason, (1) the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall be severed from these Terms; (2) severance of the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall have no impact whatsoever on the remainder of the Arbitration Agreement or the parties’ ability to compel arbitration of any remaining claims on an individual basis pursuant to the Arbitration Agreement; and (3) to the extent that any claims must therefore proceed on a class, collective, consolidated, or representative basis, such claims must be litigated in a civil court of competent jurisdiction and not in arbitration, and the parties agree that litigation of those claims shall be stayed pending the outcome of any individual claims in arbitration.
User Accounts, Feedback and Copyrightable Content When you download the Application, you will be required to set up an account with Freebird Rides (“Account”). As part of the registration process, you will berequired to give us certain information such as your name, address, mobile phone number and age, as well as banking information for deposits of amounts to be reimbursed to you. You agree to maintain accurate, complete, and up-to-date information in your Account. Your failure to do so may result in your inability to access or use the Services. You may only have one Account and may not allow any third party to use your Account for any purpose.
You are responsible for any costs or fees related to network access and data or messaging fees for your mobile device and for the security of your loginIDand password related to your Account, as well as for all activity that occurs under your Account.
You must be 18 or older to access the Services, and you warrant andrepresent that you are 18 or over. You may not assign these Terms to any third party. If you do, Freebird Rides may, at its sole option, retroactively declare any such assignment void at the moment of assignment. You may not use your Account or access theServices for any purpose not in compliance with applicable law, and you may not use the Services in a manner that causes nuisance, annoyance, damage, or inconvenience to any third party.
The Services may permit you to submit feedback, user community contributions and comments, technical support information, suggestions, enhancement requests, recommendations, and messages relating to the use and operation of the Service(“User Content”). You grant to us a royalty-free, fully paid, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, transferable license to display, use, copy, modify, publish, perform, translate, create derivative works from, sublicense, distribute, and otherwise exploit User Contentwithout restriction.
We respect the intellectual propertyrights of others. We reserve the right to remove any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's copyright, trademark or other intellectual property right, and/or terminate, discontinue, suspend or restrict the account or ability to visit and/or use the Services or remove, edit, or disable any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's intellectual property rights. We provide this policy pursuant to Section 512 of the Copyright Revision Act, as enacted through the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA").
A valid complaint under the DMCA must provide the following information in writing: An electronic or physical signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Identification of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed. Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing and where it is located on the Service. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact you, such as your address, telephone number, and, email address. A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or law. A statement, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information is accurate, and that you are the copyright owner or are authorized to act on behalf of the owner.
FEDERAL LAW PROVIDES THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE MATERIAL IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY AND CIVIL PENALTIES, INCLUDING MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS' FEES.
The above information must be submitted to Freebird at: [email protected]
Payment Terms Payment Process: When you download the Application and register for an Account, you will receive access to available offers made by Member Businesses (each an “Offer”). If you accept an Offer and hail a ride pursuant to an Offer, payment for the total amount of the ride will be made to the rideshare operator using your credit card or other payment method on file with such rideshare operator. Payment will be governed by your agreement with the rideshare operator and any applicable agreement with your credit card company.
You must link one or more of your credit or debit cards with Freebird Rides to enable Freebird Rides to validate you have made a purchase at the Member Business establishment (each a “Linked Card”). When you reach the Member Business establishment and make a purchase there with a Linked Card, Freebird Rides will receive notice of the purchase and other payment information, including the date and time of purchase, amount of purchase, last four digits of the credit card number, city/state/zip code, and payment card type (“Payment Information”). You give permission to each Member Business and credit card processing company to share the Payment Information with Freebird Rides. Providing this information to Freebird Rides allows Freebird Rides to track the value of the Services on behalf of Member Businesses. Freebird Rides will keep confidential all Payment Information in accordance with applicable law and best industry practices and will not use such Payment Information for any purpose whatsoever, other than as set forth herein.
Upon receipt of notice that you have made a purchase, Freebird Rides will transfer credit from the Member Business’s account with Freebird Rides directly to your Account subject to the operating procedures of your bank. The amount will show as pending until such time as settlement occurs (usually within 72 hours), at which time you may transfer the credit into the bank account you have given us for the purposes of making reimbursements to you.
You are required to make a purchase at the Member Business before receiving reimbursement, but no specific amount of purchase is required.
If, for any reason, you do not make a purchase at the Member Business, you will not be reimbursed for the amount paid to the rideshare operator. If you have not created a Linked Card that matches the card you used to make a purchase at the Member Business within 45 days of such purchase, you will no longer be entitled to receive the Member Offer for that purchase. If, for any reason, your Linked Card does not match your transaction at a Member Business and you do not receive the Member Offer, you must report the issue to Freebird Rides by creating a ticket with Freebird Rides customer support within 45 days of your transaction date. If you do not create a support ticket within 45 days of such ride to a Member Business, you will forfeit your unclaimed Member Offer. Freebird Rides makes reimbursements based on the conditions set forth herein, and any exceptions or other allowances will be at the sole discretion of Freebird Rides.
Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability; Indemnity Disclaimer: THE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." FREEBIRD RIDES DISCLAIMS ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, NOT EXPRESSLY SET OUT IN THESE TERMS, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN ADDITION, FREEBIRD RIDES MAKES NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, OR GUARANTEE REGARDING THE RELIABILITY, TIMELINESS, QUALITY, SUITABILITY, OR AVAILABILITY OF THE SERVICES OR ANY SERVICES REQUESTED THROUGH THE USE OF THE SERVICES OR GOODS OBTAINED AT ANY MEMBER BUSINESS, OR THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE QUALITY, SUITABILITY, SAFETY OR ABILITY OF THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS. YOU AGREE THAT THE ENTIRE RISK ARISING OUT OF YOUR USE OF THE SERVICES, AND ANY SERVICE OR GOOD REQUESTED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH, REMAINS SOLELY WITH YOU, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW.
Limitation of Liability: FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA, PERSONAL INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RELATED TO, IN CONNECTION WITH, OR OTHERWISE RESULTING FROM ANY USE OF THE SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE NEGLIGENCE (EITHER ACTIVE, AFFIRMATIVE, SOLE, OR CONCURRENT) OF FREEBIRD RIDES, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, LIABILITY OR LOSSES ARISING OUT OF: (i) YOUR USE OF OR RELIANCE ON THE SERVICES OR YOUR INABILITY TO ACCESS OR USE THE SERVICES; OR (ii) ANY TRANSACTION OR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND ANY THIRD PARTY PROVIDER, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DELAY OR FAILURE IN PERFORMANCE RESULTING FROM CAUSES BEYOND FREEBIRD RIDES'S REASONABLE CONTROL. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION SERVICES, ACCOMMODATIONS, MEALS OR OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS MAY NOT BE PROFESSIONALLY LICENSED OR PERMITTED.
THE SERVICES MAY BE USED BY YOU TO REQUEST AND SCHEDULE TRANSPORTATION WTH THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS, BUT YOU AGREE THAT FREEBIRD RIDES HAS NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY TO YOU RELATED TO ANY TRANSPORTATION PROVIDED TO YOU BY THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS OR GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBER BUSINESSES OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS.
THE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER IN THIS SECTION DO NOT PURPORT TO LIMIT LIABILITY OR ALTER YOUR RIGHTS AS A CONSUMER THAT CANNOT BE EXCLUDED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF OR THE LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, IN SUCH STATES OR JURISDICTIONS, FREEBIRD RIDES’S LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. THIS PROVISION SHALL HAVE NO EFFECT ON FREEBIRD RIDES’S CHOICE OF LAW PROVISION SET FORTH BELOW.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE TO YOU, OR ANY OTHER PARTY, FOR TAXES OR OTHER LIABILITIES RELATED TO THE RECEIPT OF CASH PRIZES, NON-MONETARY PRIZES OR REWARDS OR ANY OTHER INCOME YOU MAY RECEIVE FROM USE OF THE SERVICES. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE BY USING THE SERVICES THAT YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY AND ALL SUCH LIABILITIES.
Indemnity: You agree to defend, indemnify and hold Freebird Rides and its affiliates and their officers, directors, employees, and agents harmless from and against any and all claims, demands, losses, liabilities, and expenses (including attorneys' fees), arising out of or related to: (i) your use of the Services or services or goods obtained through your use of the Services; (ii) your breach or violation of any of these Terms; (iii) the acts or omissions of any third-party provider, Member Business, or third party, including any claim related to a personal injury occurring en route to a Member Business and any claim related to a good purchased from a Member Business; or (iv) your violation of the rights of any third party, including third party providers.
Choice of Law These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., without reference to or application of its conflict of law principles, except as may be otherwise provided in the Arbitration Agreement above. The foregoing choice of law and forum selection provisions do not apply to the arbitration clause in the Terms or to any arbitrable disputes as defined therein. Instead, the Federal Arbitration Act shall apply to any such disputes.
Notice Freebird Rides may give notice by means of a general notice on the Services, electronic mail to your email address in your Account, telephone or text message to any phone number provided in connection with your account, or by written communication sent by first class mail or pre-paid post to any address connected with your Account. Such notice shall be deemed to have been given upon the expiration of 48 hours after mailing or posting (if sent by first class mail or pre-paid post) or 12 hours after sending (if sent by email or telephone). You may give notice to Freebird Rides, with such notice deemed given when received by Freebird Rides, at any time by first class mail or pre-paid post to Mobileoffer, Inc., 26500 Agora Road, Calabasas, CA 91302. You may also give notice to Freebird Rides via e-mail directed to [email protected]. E-mail notice shall be deemed delivered when affirmatively acknowledged by Freebird Rides.
General No joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you or Freebird Rides as a result of these Terms or use of the Services. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision shall be struck and the remaining provisions shall be enforced to the fullest extent possible under law. Freebird Rides' failure to enforce any right or provision in these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by Freebird Rides in writing. This provision shall not affect any portion of the Arbitration Agreement of these Terms. These Terms are the complete and fully integrated expression of the parties’ agreement with respect to the matters addressed herein and may be modified or supplemented only by written agreement signed by the parties or as set forth in the Terms.
submitted by play_it_safe to signupsforpay [link] [comments]


2019.11.18 05:09 play_it_safe [OFFER] Take Uber/Lyft ride, I'll pay you $3 for it AND you get $5 x 2 bonus from them, no minimum cashout amount (Freebird app)

US only, need debit card to cash out to (no minimum withdrawal), need to sign in to CC/debit account and pay with that card
You'll pay for first ride out of pocket, and get $5 referral credit on first ride (and $3 from me) and then another $5 on second ride (and can probably get promo code to apply for second one)
Freebird is essentially a ridesharing (Uber mostly, now Lyft, too) cashback app that acts like a portal to Uber and Lyft, much like eBates in a way. This is all guaranteed to work with Uber, so I'm sticking with that.
This is a bit involved but well worth it and very straightforward. Exact instructions follow.
1) Download Freebird app (NOT Freebirds, the burrito place!) by clicking the follwing link: https://my.fbird.co/G30ebkDrzT
2) Make an account by linking your Uber account, and then go to Profile>Promo Codes in Freebird app and enter the referral code p96b1 (just in case it didn't apply through using the above link).
PM me at this point with your first name and I will confirm for you that your signup is indeed tied to my referal for the $5 x 2 from the app later on
3) Go to Profile>Payment Methods to link the CC/debit card you use for your regular Uber app. They must be the same. Now you're all set up! You can take the ride whenever you want after this.
4) When you're ready to take your ride, do the following:
Book a ride using above payment method through the Freebird app, not through Uber app! It says to a movie theater but can be anywhere.
After the ride is complete, you'll get a $5 referral bonus and you can cash it out with no minimum withdrawal required to a debit card.
5) PM me the name you sent me after Step 2 and your Paypal email. If it checks out, I'll send $3 to your PayPal. It may take me up to an hour or so to verify get you the funds -- I'm only checking my reddit periodically! So don't freak out if I don't respond immediately
6) Take the second ride if you want. I won't be paying anything for this one, but the second one will get you another $5 referral promo and before taking the ride, you should put in the codes at the end of this post to see if one works
Here is how the screen should look with promo code applied; make sure promo code you want to use shows.
If you have more than one phone numbeUber account, I'll pay out for each time you do it.
If you have any questions at all, PM or comment, and also let me know if my instructions are uncleaneed revising.
Photo proof of how the promo codes load and cash out
Previous times I ran this offer with payout confirmations there too: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
My rep profile
And my GCExchange profile
PROMO codes to try right now AFTER first ride with my referral code are V2DEA, GO2TEN, 3TENBACK, and URBDAY1 (app will tell you if they do or don't when you enter them on the promo code screen).
Terms and conditions
Last Updated: April 2, 2019
Welcome to Mobileoffer, Inc. dba Freebird Rides –the world’s first and only platform that allows you to earn valuable points and cash rewards for simply riding with a rideshare service. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THAT FREEBIRD RIDES PROVIDES A REFERRAL SERVICE, SIMPLY CONNECTING YOU WITH ONE OR MORE RIDESHARE SERVICES THAT MAY TAKE YOU TO THE ESTABLISHMENTS OF VARIOUS BUSINESSES. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY RIDESHARE SERVICES, AND IT DOES NOT OFFER ANY OF THE SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT MAY BE OFFERED BY ANY ESTABLISHMENT TO WHICH THE RIDESHARE SERVICE CONVEYS YOU. YOU AGREE THAT ANY RIDESHARE SERVICE AND ANY ESTABLISHMENT YOU VISIT ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR CONDUCT AND LIABILITIES. FREEBIRD RIDES’ SOLE RESPONSIBILITIES AND LIABILITIES ARE THOSE SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS OF SERVICE.
IN ADDITION, THESE TERMSCONTAIN AN ARIBTRATION THAT REQUIRES YOU TO RESOLVE ANY DISPUTE WITH MOBILEOFFER, INC. dba FREEBIRD RIDES THROUGH BINDING ARBITRATION. THEREFORE,PLEASE REVIEW THE ARBITRATION AGREEMENT SET FORTH BELOW CAREFULLY. BY AGREEING TOTHESETERMS OF SERVICE, YOUEXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL OF THE ARBITRATION TERMS, AS WELL AS THE OTHER TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ABIDE BY THOSE TERMS. PLEASE TAKE THE TIME TO READ THEM CAREFULLY, AS THEY CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION REGARDING YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS, REMEDIES, AND OBLIGATIONS, INCLUDING LIABILITY LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS.
Contract Formation These Terms of Service ("Terms") govern your access or use of the applications, websites, content, products, and services (the "Services")made available by Freebird Rides and its affiliates, employees, agents, and officers (collectively, "Freebird Rides", "we", "us" and "our").These Terms create a binding, enforceable legal agreement between Freebird Rides and you. These Terms may therefore be referred to herein as the "Agreement". In these Terms, the words "including" and "include" mean "including, but not limited to."
By accessing or using the Services, you confirm your agreement to be bound by these Terms. If you do not agree to these Terms, you may not access or use the Services. These Terms expressly supersede any prior agreements or arrangements with you. Freebird Rides may immediately terminate these Terms or any Services with respect to you, or generally cease offering or deny access to the Services or any portion thereof, at any time for any reason.
Freebird Rides may also amend these Terms from time to time. Your continued use of the Servicesafter these Terms have been changed or revised (as indicated by the “Last Updated” date set forth above)indicates your ongoing acceptance of these Terms, including any amendedor revisedTerms.
You agree that this Agreementis entered into electronically and that Freebird Rides may contact you electronically at the e-mail address and mobile telephone number connected with your account, whether provided to us directly or through Uber, for the purposes of communicating with you about your account and for marketing purposes. You may opt out of any marketing messages by sending us notice of your opt out to [email protected]. Please review our Privacy Policy located at https://www.freebirdrides.com/privacy/ as you must also agree to the terms and conditions of said Privacy Policy in order to use the Services.
The Services Freebird Rides is a referral service. Freebird Rides contracts with businesses that wish to encourage customers to visit their places of business (“Member Businesses”) by offering to reimburse their potential customers for some or all of their costs of obtaining transportation from a third party rideshare service such as Uber or Lyft. Freebird Rides’ Services include access to a mobile application and related tools (the “Application”) that integrate with the rideshare services, track the offers of Member Businesses, and communicate them to you. When you become a customer of a Member Business by making a purchase at the Member Business, the Application handles reimbursement to you in the amount of the offer from the Member Business or the cost of the ride, whichever is less.
The Services are made available to you for your own personal and non-commercial use. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT PROVIDING THE SERVICES DOES NOT MAKE FREEBIRD RIDES A TRANSPORTATION PROVIDER, DELIVERY SERVICE, OR CARRIER.
Please note that if you have not completed a ride on Freebird for six consecutive months, any Freebird reward points that you may have accrued will expire with no value. Freebird may also offset the reward points you are owed against any amount you owe Freebird.
License and Restrictions Related to the Services Subject to your compliance with these Terms, Freebird Rides grants you a limited, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, revocable, non-transferable license to: (i) access and use the Application on your personal device solely in connection with your use of the Services; and (ii) access and use any content, information and related materials that may be made available through the Services, in each case solely for your personal, noncommercial use. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Freebird Rides. You may not use any of Freebird Rides’ trademarks, logos, or other intellectual property except as expressly provided in theseTerms.
You may not: (i) remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary notices from any portion of the Services; (ii) reproduce, modify, prepare derivative works based upon, distribute, license, lease, sell, resell,transfer, publicly display, publicly perform, transmit, stream, broadcast or otherwise exploit the Services except as expressly permitted by Freebird Rides; (iii) decompile, reverse engineer or disassemble the Services except as may be permitted by applicable law; (iv) link to, mirror or frame any portion of the Services; (v) cause or launch any programs or scripts for the purpose of scraping, indexing, surveying, or otherwise data mining any portion of the Services or unduly burdening or hindering the operation and/or functionality of any aspect of the Services; or (vi) attempt to gain unauthorized access to or impair any aspect of the Services or its related systems or networks.
In connection with the Services, you may access services offered by third parties (“Third-Party Services”). Those Third-Party Services may involve drink and food specials from Member Businesses and other advertising offered by third parties. These third parties and the Third-Party Services are not governed by these Terms, and you acknowledge that your relationships with such third parties, including any liability relating to those relationships, are governed by your contracts and other legal relationships with those parties. This includes your relationships with rideshare providers,Member Businesses, and any other third parties who may advertise using the Services or with whom you may come in contact through the Services.
Agreement to Binding Arbitration You and Freebird Rides agree that any dispute, claim or controversy arising out of or relating to (a) these Terms or the existence, breach, termination, enforcement, interpretation or validity thereof, or (b) your access to or use of the Services at any time, whether before or after the date you agreed to the Terms, will be settledby binding arbitration between you and Freebird Rides, and not in a court of law.
You acknowledge and agree that you and Freebird Rides are each waiving the right to a trial by jury or to participate as a plaintiff or class member in any purported class action or representative proceeding. Unless both you and Freebird Rides otherwise agree in writing, any arbitration will be conducted only on an individual basis and not in a class, collective, consolidated, or representative proceeding. However, you and Freebird Rides each retain the right to bring an individual action in small claims court and the right to seek injunctive or other equitable relief in a court of competent jurisdiction to prevent the actual or threatened infringement, misappropriation or violation of a party's copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents or other intellectual property rights.
The arbitration will be administered by the American Arbitration Association ("AAA") in accordance with the AAA’s Consumer Arbitration Rules and the Supplementary Procedures for Consumer Related Disputes (the "AAA Rules") then in effect, except as modified by this Arbitration Agreement. The AAA Rules are available at www.adr.org/arb_med or by calling the AAA at1-800-778-7879.
The parties agree that the arbitrator (“Arbitrator”), and not any federal, state, or local court or agency, shall have exclusive authority to resolve any disputes relating to the interpretation, applicability, enforceability or formation of this Arbitration Agreement, including any claim that all or any part of this Arbitration Agreement is void or voidable. The Arbitrator shall also be responsible for determining all threshold arbitrability issues, including issues relating to whether theTerms are unconscionable or illusory and any defense to arbitration, including waiver, delay, laches, or estoppel.
Notwithstanding any choice of law or other provision in the Terms, the parties agree and acknowledge that this Arbitration Agreement evidences a transaction involving interstate commerce and that the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1 et seq. (“FAA”), will govern its interpretation and enforcement and proceedings pursuant thereto. It is the intent of the parties that the FAA and AAA Rules shall preempt all state laws to the fullest extent permitted by law. If the FAA and AAA Rules are found to not apply to any issue that arises under this Arbitration Agreement or the enforcement thereof,then that issue shall be resolved under the laws of the State of Californiawithout reference to or application of any conflict of law rules.
The Arbitrator will render an award within the timeframe specified in the AAA Rules. Judgment on the arbitration award may be entered in any court having competent jurisdiction to do so. The Arbitrator may award declaratory or injunctive relief only in favor of the claimant and only to the extent necessary to provide relief warranted by the claimant's individual claim. An Arbitrator’s decision shall be final and binding on all parties. An Arbitrator’s decision and judgment thereon shall have no precedential or collateral estoppel effect. The party that prevails in arbitration will be entitled to an award of attorneys' fees and expenses, to the extent allowedunder applicable law.
If any portion of this Arbitration Agreement is found to be unenforceable or unlawful for any reason, (1) the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall be severed from these Terms; (2) severance of the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall have no impact whatsoever on the remainder of the Arbitration Agreement or the parties’ ability to compel arbitration of any remaining claims on an individual basis pursuant to the Arbitration Agreement; and (3) to the extent that any claims must therefore proceed on a class, collective, consolidated, or representative basis, such claims must be litigated in a civil court of competent jurisdiction and not in arbitration, and the parties agree that litigation of those claims shall be stayed pending the outcome of any individual claims in arbitration.
User Accounts, Feedback and Copyrightable Content When you download the Application, you will be required to set up an account with Freebird Rides (“Account”). As part of the registration process, you will berequired to give us certain information such as your name, address, mobile phone number and age, as well as banking information for deposits of amounts to be reimbursed to you. You agree to maintain accurate, complete, and up-to-date information in your Account. Your failure to do so may result in your inability to access or use the Services. You may only have one Account and may not allow any third party to use your Account for any purpose.
You are responsible for any costs or fees related to network access and data or messaging fees for your mobile device and for the security of your loginIDand password related to your Account, as well as for all activity that occurs under your Account.
You must be 18 or older to access the Services, and you warrant andrepresent that you are 18 or over. You may not assign these Terms to any third party. If you do, Freebird Rides may, at its sole option, retroactively declare any such assignment void at the moment of assignment. You may not use your Account or access theServices for any purpose not in compliance with applicable law, and you may not use the Services in a manner that causes nuisance, annoyance, damage, or inconvenience to any third party.
The Services may permit you to submit feedback, user community contributions and comments, technical support information, suggestions, enhancement requests, recommendations, and messages relating to the use and operation of the Service(“User Content”). You grant to us a royalty-free, fully paid, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, transferable license to display, use, copy, modify, publish, perform, translate, create derivative works from, sublicense, distribute, and otherwise exploit User Contentwithout restriction.
We respect the intellectual propertyrights of others. We reserve the right to remove any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's copyright, trademark or other intellectual property right, and/or terminate, discontinue, suspend or restrict the account or ability to visit and/or use the Services or remove, edit, or disable any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's intellectual property rights. We provide this policy pursuant to Section 512 of the Copyright Revision Act, as enacted through the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA").
A valid complaint under the DMCA must provide the following information in writing: An electronic or physical signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Identification of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed. Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing and where it is located on the Service. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact you, such as your address, telephone number, and, email address. A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or law. A statement, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information is accurate, and that you are the copyright owner or are authorized to act on behalf of the owner.
FEDERAL LAW PROVIDES THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE MATERIAL IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY AND CIVIL PENALTIES, INCLUDING MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS' FEES.
The above information must be submitted to Freebird at: [email protected]
Payment Terms Payment Process: When you download the Application and register for an Account, you will receive access to available offers made by Member Businesses (each an “Offer”). If you accept an Offer and hail a ride pursuant to an Offer, payment for the total amount of the ride will be made to the rideshare operator using your credit card or other payment method on file with such rideshare operator. Payment will be governed by your agreement with the rideshare operator and any applicable agreement with your credit card company.
You must link one or more of your credit or debit cards with Freebird Rides to enable Freebird Rides to validate you have made a purchase at the Member Business establishment (each a “Linked Card”). When you reach the Member Business establishment and make a purchase there with a Linked Card, Freebird Rides will receive notice of the purchase and other payment information, including the date and time of purchase, amount of purchase, last four digits of the credit card number, city/state/zip code, and payment card type (“Payment Information”). You give permission to each Member Business and credit card processing company to share the Payment Information with Freebird Rides. Providing this information to Freebird Rides allows Freebird Rides to track the value of the Services on behalf of Member Businesses. Freebird Rides will keep confidential all Payment Information in accordance with applicable law and best industry practices and will not use such Payment Information for any purpose whatsoever, other than as set forth herein.
Upon receipt of notice that you have made a purchase, Freebird Rides will transfer credit from the Member Business’s account with Freebird Rides directly to your Account subject to the operating procedures of your bank. The amount will show as pending until such time as settlement occurs (usually within 72 hours), at which time you may transfer the credit into the bank account you have given us for the purposes of making reimbursements to you.
You are required to make a purchase at the Member Business before receiving reimbursement, but no specific amount of purchase is required.
If, for any reason, you do not make a purchase at the Member Business, you will not be reimbursed for the amount paid to the rideshare operator. If you have not created a Linked Card that matches the card you used to make a purchase at the Member Business within 45 days of such purchase, you will no longer be entitled to receive the Member Offer for that purchase. If, for any reason, your Linked Card does not match your transaction at a Member Business and you do not receive the Member Offer, you must report the issue to Freebird Rides by creating a ticket with Freebird Rides customer support within 45 days of your transaction date. If you do not create a support ticket within 45 days of such ride to a Member Business, you will forfeit your unclaimed Member Offer. Freebird Rides makes reimbursements based on the conditions set forth herein, and any exceptions or other allowances will be at the sole discretion of Freebird Rides.
Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability; Indemnity Disclaimer: THE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." FREEBIRD RIDES DISCLAIMS ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, NOT EXPRESSLY SET OUT IN THESE TERMS, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN ADDITION, FREEBIRD RIDES MAKES NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, OR GUARANTEE REGARDING THE RELIABILITY, TIMELINESS, QUALITY, SUITABILITY, OR AVAILABILITY OF THE SERVICES OR ANY SERVICES REQUESTED THROUGH THE USE OF THE SERVICES OR GOODS OBTAINED AT ANY MEMBER BUSINESS, OR THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE QUALITY, SUITABILITY, SAFETY OR ABILITY OF THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS. YOU AGREE THAT THE ENTIRE RISK ARISING OUT OF YOUR USE OF THE SERVICES, AND ANY SERVICE OR GOOD REQUESTED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH, REMAINS SOLELY WITH YOU, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW.
Limitation of Liability: FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA, PERSONAL INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RELATED TO, IN CONNECTION WITH, OR OTHERWISE RESULTING FROM ANY USE OF THE SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE NEGLIGENCE (EITHER ACTIVE, AFFIRMATIVE, SOLE, OR CONCURRENT) OF FREEBIRD RIDES, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, LIABILITY OR LOSSES ARISING OUT OF: (i) YOUR USE OF OR RELIANCE ON THE SERVICES OR YOUR INABILITY TO ACCESS OR USE THE SERVICES; OR (ii) ANY TRANSACTION OR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND ANY THIRD PARTY PROVIDER, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DELAY OR FAILURE IN PERFORMANCE RESULTING FROM CAUSES BEYOND FREEBIRD RIDES'S REASONABLE CONTROL. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION SERVICES, ACCOMMODATIONS, MEALS OR OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS MAY NOT BE PROFESSIONALLY LICENSED OR PERMITTED.
THE SERVICES MAY BE USED BY YOU TO REQUEST AND SCHEDULE TRANSPORTATION WTH THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS, BUT YOU AGREE THAT FREEBIRD RIDES HAS NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY TO YOU RELATED TO ANY TRANSPORTATION PROVIDED TO YOU BY THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS OR GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBER BUSINESSES OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS.
THE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER IN THIS SECTION DO NOT PURPORT TO LIMIT LIABILITY OR ALTER YOUR RIGHTS AS A CONSUMER THAT CANNOT BE EXCLUDED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF OR THE LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, IN SUCH STATES OR JURISDICTIONS, FREEBIRD RIDES’S LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. THIS PROVISION SHALL HAVE NO EFFECT ON FREEBIRD RIDES’S CHOICE OF LAW PROVISION SET FORTH BELOW.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE TO YOU, OR ANY OTHER PARTY, FOR TAXES OR OTHER LIABILITIES RELATED TO THE RECEIPT OF CASH PRIZES, NON-MONETARY PRIZES OR REWARDS OR ANY OTHER INCOME YOU MAY RECEIVE FROM USE OF THE SERVICES. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE BY USING THE SERVICES THAT YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY AND ALL SUCH LIABILITIES.
Indemnity: You agree to defend, indemnify and hold Freebird Rides and its affiliates and their officers, directors, employees, and agents harmless from and against any and all claims, demands, losses, liabilities, and expenses (including attorneys' fees), arising out of or related to: (i) your use of the Services or services or goods obtained through your use of the Services; (ii) your breach or violation of any of these Terms; (iii) the acts or omissions of any third-party provider, Member Business, or third party, including any claim related to a personal injury occurring en route to a Member Business and any claim related to a good purchased from a Member Business; or (iv) your violation of the rights of any third party, including third party providers.
Choice of Law These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., without reference to or application of its conflict of law principles, except as may be otherwise provided in the Arbitration Agreement above. The foregoing choice of law and forum selection provisions do not apply to the arbitration clause in the Terms or to any arbitrable disputes as defined therein. Instead, the Federal Arbitration Act shall apply to any such disputes.
Notice Freebird Rides may give notice by means of a general notice on the Services, electronic mail to your email address in your Account, telephone or text message to any phone number provided in connection with your account, or by written communication sent by first class mail or pre-paid post to any address connected with your Account. Such notice shall be deemed to have been given upon the expiration of 48 hours after mailing or posting (if sent by first class mail or pre-paid post) or 12 hours after sending (if sent by email or telephone). You may give notice to Freebird Rides, with such notice deemed given when received by Freebird Rides, at any time by first class mail or pre-paid post to Mobileoffer, Inc., 26500 Agora Road, Calabasas, CA 91302. You may also give notice to Freebird Rides via e-mail directed to [email protected]. E-mail notice shall be deemed delivered when affirmatively acknowledged by Freebird Rides.
General No joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you or Freebird Rides as a result of these Terms or use of the Services. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision shall be struck and the remaining provisions shall be enforced to the fullest extent possible under law. Freebird Rides' failure to enforce any right or provision in these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by Freebird Rides in writing. This provision shall not affect any portion of the Arbitration Agreement of these Terms. These Terms are the complete and fully integrated expression of the parties’ agreement with respect to the matters addressed herein and may be modified or supplemented only by written agreement signed by the parties or as set forth in the Terms.
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2019.11.05 06:15 JFK_Megaposts Discussing JFK's torso wounds, Part 3: Pre-autopsy witnesses to the back wound

Skip to Part 4: Missing autopsy photographs showing the interior body/lungs
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Pre-autopsy witnesses to the back wound
The staff at Parkland Memorial Hospital did not report seeing the wound in Kennedy's back which was spotted during the autopsy at Bethesda Naval Hospital.
As explained by the Warren Report, "Since the Dallas doctors directed all their efforts to controlling the massive bleeding caused by the head wound, and to reconstructing an airway to his lungs, the President remained on his back throughout his medical treatment at Parkland" (WC, p. 55, Chapter 2: The Assassination, Treatment of President Kennedy). But even if the body was not turned over during the attempted resuscitation, Nurses Diana Bowron and Margaret Henchliffe described washing the body and wrapping it in sheets before it was placed in it's casket (WC Vol. 21, p. 203, Bowron's hospital report; WC Vol. 6, p. 134, Bowron's WC testimony, 5/24/1964 [text]); WC Vol. 6, p. 139, Henchliffe's WC testimony, 3/21/1964 [text]). Reports show at least three other witnesses may have seen the body being handled at this time - Nurse Patricia Hutton, Nurse Doris Nelson, and orderly David Sanders (WC Vol. 21, p. 150, CE 392, Medical reports from doctors at Parkland Hospital, Dallas, Tex., concerning treatment of President Kennedy at that hospital on November 22, 1963 [text]; WC Vol. 6, p. 143, Nelson's WC testimony, 3/20/1964 [text]).
When Parkland's Dr. Marion Jenkins was later interviewed by researcher John Lattimer, he claimed to remember feeling a wound in the back with his finger while lifting up the body (Lattimer, Kennedy and Lincoln: Medical and Ballistic Comparisons of Their Assassinations, 1980, p. 153). Jenkins wrote, in a 2/9/1979 letter to Lattimer, "While using my right hand on the breathing bag to respire for the patient, I used my left hand rather instinctively as anesthesiologists do to feel for a temporal pulse, to feel for a carotid pulse, and to position the head and stabilize it better while the tracheostomy was being done. With an exploring finger I also found the wound of entrance on the back. I exercised no thought at all about entrance and exit for the head wound. In retrospect I think I automatically accepted the fact that if a bullet came from the back to traverse his neck, another bullet came from the back to go through the skull". Jenkins did not mention this in his hospital report (WC Vol. 17, p. 14 [text]) or his testimony to the Warren Commission on 3/25/1964 (WC Vol. 6, p. 45 [text]). When interviewed on 3/4/1981 by journalist Ben Bradlee, Jenkins said:
A. [...] I knew he had a hole, a bullet hole in the back of his neck.
Q. You did?
A. Because I had found that. But, but I hadn't, you know, you ask me about looking for the head, and I'd have to answer correctly that I didn't really look at the head. But, in feeling it, you want to be a patient here? To get a complete picture of this, you need to have the patient [...] down that I'm telling you about.
Q. Are you asking me to lie down? Do you think I'll gain something from it?
A. Well, I think so. Mr. Bradlee didn't want to lie down, but I'll tell you about this, why some of the reasons people were confused about it. OK. In order to pull his neck back, to get better to do the tracheostomy, this was a low wound in his neck in front. Well, I had to do that, I had to stabilize his head for that. So in putting my hand back there, I put my finger in a bullet wound.
A. So you were one of the few people here who was aware that there was a wound back there. That was something you told Lattimer only recently, isn't it.
A. I don't, no, I put it in my reports.
Q. You did, initially? That you felt a bullet wound back there?
A. I dictated a report and the FBI or somebody picked up.
Q. That's not the same report that was published by the Warren Commission?
A. I don't know, I haven't read it.
Q. Because we did read that as it was published there, and there is no reference to it, that I recall.
When Nurse Bowron was interviewed by researcher Harrison Livingstone, she claimed to remember seeing a back wound while washing the body (Livingstone, Killing The Truth: Deceit and Deception in the JFK Case, 1993, Chapter 6: Diana Bowron; Interviewed by Livingstone 1/8/1993, 3/15/1993, 5/2/1993, Corresponded 4/25/1993 and 5/11/1993). However, Bowron did not mention a wound in the back when testifying to the Warren Commission on 3/24/1964, and when asked "Did you notice any other wound on the President's body?", she replied "No, sir" (WC Vol. 6, p. 134 [text]).
The lack of any other back wound sighting from Parkland has lead to some speculation that there originally was no back wound, and that all evidence of a back wound from the autopsy and clothing was somehow faked. Dr. Malcolm Perry, who performed the tracheotomy, told the Warren Commission that lead autopsy pathologist Dr. James Humes asked him over the phone "if we had made any wounds in the back. I told him that I had not examined the back nor had I knowledge of any wounds of the back" (WC Vol. 6, p. 7, 3/25/1964 testimony [text]). This would be a strange question to ask if the back wound was really an obvious bullet entrance.
In 1965, the autopsy's assisting forensic pathologist Dr. Pierre Finck addressed a report to his superior General Joseph Blumberg. One passage includes the out-of-place phrase "black fouling": "...In my opinion, the oval wound in the right posterior superior aspect of the chest of Kennedy was an ENTRY. The edges were fairly regular and there was black fouling of the edges" (ARRB MD 28). According to scientific literature on gunshot wounds, "fouling" refers to the residue of burned gunpowder and soot spread from the discharge of a firearm at very CLOSE RANGE (JCLC, 1948; AJCP, 1953; CSLR, 1964; AJCP, 1969). Officially, Finck's reference to "black fouling of the edges" can only be interpreted as a mistake.
There is one interesting witness in regards to the hole in the back of Kennedy's coat. Glen Bennett was the Secret Service Agent seated in the right rear of the car following behind the Presidential Limousine. Bennett claimed that he literally saw a bullet hole punch through the back of Kennedy's coat at the time of the shooting.
From Bennett's handwritten notes, dated 5:30 PM 11/22/1963:
The President's auto moved down a slight grade and the crowd was very sparse. At this point I heard a noise that immediately reminded me of a firecracker. I immediately, upon hearing the supposed firecracker, looked at the Boss's car. At this exact time I saw a shot that hit the Boss about 4 inches down from the right shoulder; a second shot followed immediately and hit the right rear high of the Boss's head.
(WC Vol. 24, p. 541)
From a 11/23/1964 formal statement by Bennett:
About thirty minutes after leaving Love Field, about 12:25 P.M., the motorcade entered an intersection and then proceded down a grade. At this point, the well-wishers numbered but a few; the motorcade continued down this grade en route to the Trade Mart. At this point, I heard what sounded like a firecracker. I immediately looked from the right/crowd/physical area/ and looked towards the President who was seated in the right rear seat of his limousine open convertible. At the moment I looked at the back of the President I heard another firecracker noise and saw the shot hit the President about four inches down from the right shoulder. A second shot followed immediately and hit the right rear high of the President’s head.
(WC Vol. 18, p.760)
The Warren Report explained the significance of this allegation:
Substantial weight may be given Bennett's observations. Although his formal statement was dated November 23, 1963, his notes indicate that he recorded what he saw and heard at 5:30 p.m., November 22, 1963, on the airplane en route back to Washington, prior to the autopsy, when it was not yet known that the President had been hit in the back.338 It is possible, of course, that Bennett did not observe the hole in the President's back, which might have been there immediately after the first noise.
(WC, p. 111, Chapter 3: The Shots from the Texas School Book Depository, The Shot that Missed, The First Shot)
On 1/30/1978, Bennett was interviewed by the House Select Committee on Assassinations. As reported, "He remembers hearing what he hoped was a firecracker. He then heard another noise and saw what appeared to be a nick in the back of President Kennedy's coat below the shoulder. He thought the President had been hit in the back. Bennett stated that he does not recall any agents reacting before the third shot" (HSCA 180-10082-10452).
There are some serious problems with Bennett's story. The pictures taken in Dealey Plaza show that he was about 50 feet away from the Presidential Limousine when the shooting started. As researcher David Lifton asked, "Could a person see a bullet strike dark clothing at about fifty feet?". If Bennett was not telling the truth, this could possibly reveal an attempt to manufacture witness evidence (Lifton, Best Evidence: Disguise and Deception in the Assassination of John F. Kennedy, 1980, Part III. A Search For New Evidence, Chapter 11. The Tracheotomy Incision: Dallas vs. Bethesda). Even lone-gunman author David Von Pein said in a 2018 online discussion "That type of vision is reserved for a guy named Superman. Anyway, do you think Bennett had a tape measure with him when he estimated where the bullet entered the President's back?".
Two photographs taken in Dealey Plaza at the time of the shooting show Bennett's head turned sharply to the right, not turned towards the direction of Kennedy (PatSpeer.com, A New Perspective on the Kennedy Assassination by Pat Speer, Chapter 5b: Primary Pieces, Isolating Bennett). First, there is Willis photo #5, synchronous with frame 202 of the Zapruder Film (Richard E. Sprague, 10/15/1967; Don Olson and Ralph F. Turner, October 1971; HSCA Vol. 6, p. 121). Second, there is Altgens photo #6, synchronous with z255 (WC, p. 255; WC Vol. 5, p. 138; HSCA Vol. 6, p. 318).
https://i.imgur.com/6lRULzv.jpg - Willis photo #5, with President Kennedy and Agent Bennett circled. Also notice how Kennedy's back is enveloped in dark shadows, making it even more doubtful that Bennett saw what he claimed.
https://i.imgur.com/v4KWioX.jpg - Altgens photo #6. Kennedy's hands are raised towards his neck, while Bennett's head is turned as it is in the Willis photo.
The Zapruder Film shows Kennedy starting to raise his arms by the z220's. This body language is officially explained by one bullet entering the back and exiting the throat. If Bennett's head remained turned between the time of the Willis and Altgens photographs, then it is doubtful that he could've seen the bullet hole punch through the back of Kennedy's coat. The Zapruder Film reportedly runs at 18.3 frames per second (WC, p. 97; WC Vol. 5, p. 135; WC Vol. 5, p. 138), so there was about a 3-second span between the Willis and Altgens photos.
On the other hand, if Bennett's statements were true and honest, they still bring the official story into question. Anybody proposing a lone gunman must explain what happened to the first shot fired: either it missed, or it successfully entered Kennedy's back (Warren Report, Chapter 3: The Shots from the Texas School Book Depository, Number of Shots). Bennett's statements could only be reconciled with the official version by proposing the first shot missed. This limits the possibilities for a lone gunman scenario to be argued. There is another possibility to consider: what if Bennett saw the back shot AFTER Kennedy raised his hands towards his neck? If the back wound was created after the throat wound, this would nullify the official story.
Then there are the questionable statements from Roy Kellerman, the Secret Service Agent seated in the front passenger side of the Presidential Limousine. Kellerman claimed to have heard President Kennedy say something after the first loud gunshot. While Kellerman was waiting in the morgue at Bethesda Naval Hospital during the autopsy, he had a conversation with two attending FBI Agents, James Sibert and Francis X. O'Neill. Sibert and O'Neill relayed Kellerman's story in a report:
He advised he heard a shot and immediately turned around, looking at Governor Connally, who was seated directly in back of him, to the President. He observed the President slum forward and heard him say, "Get me to a hospital." Mr. Kellerman then heard Mrs. Kennedy say, "Oh, no!", as the President leaned toward her. He immediately advised the driver to take the President to the nearest hospital [...]
(WC D 7, p. 3)
On 11/27/1963, Sibert and O'Neill interviewed Kellerman again. As reported:
KELLERMAN said he heard a noise like a firecracker.
At this point, KELLERMAN advised he had been in almost daily contact for the past three years, with the President, and said he could pick his voice out from any group of people.
Upon hearing a noise like firecracker, he distinctly and positively heard the President say "My God, I’ve been hit". KELLERMAN advised he immediately turned his head to the left rear and almost instantaneously heard two additional shots.
Upon turning his head to the left, he observed President Kennedy with his left hand in back of him appearing to be reaching to a point on his right shoulder, the President fell on Mrs. Kennedy’s lap. She stated "my God, what are they doing to you?" Governor Connally never said a word. Through the corner of his eye, he noticed that Governor Connally appeared to be falling back face up in the lap of his wife. KELLERMAN stated he immediately turned around and advised Mr. Greer, "Get going, we’ve been hit."
(WC D 7, p. 7)
Did Kellerman hear "Get me to a hospital" or "My God, I've been hit"? Either way, it would have been impossible for President Kennedy to speak if a bullet had just passed through his trachea. According to the official story, Kellerman must be wrong.
From Kellerman's own statement, dated 11/29/1963:
[...] We were still traveling at the normal rate of speed of from 12 to 15 miles per hour when I heard a noise, similar to a firecracker, exploding in the area to the rear of the car, about 12:30 pm.
Immediately I heard what I firmly believe was the President's voice, "My God, I'm hit!" I turned around to find out what happened when two additional shots rang out, and the President slumped into Mrs. Kennedy's lap and Governor Connally fell to Mrs. Connally's lap. I heard Mrs. Kennedy shout, "What are they doing to you?"
I yelled at William Greer (the driver) to "Step on it, we're hit!" and grabbed the mike from the car radio, called to SA Lawson in the police lead car that we were hit and to get us to a hospital.
(WC Vol. 18 724 [text)
From Kellerman's 3/9/1964 testimony to the Warren Commission:
Mr. KELLERMAN. As we turned off Houston onto Elm and made the short little dip to the left going down grade, as I said, we were away from buildings, and were there was a sign on the side of the road which I don't recall what it was or what it said, but we no more than passed that and you are out in the open, and there is a report like a firecracker, pop. And I turned my head to the right because whatever this noise was I was sure that it came from the right and perhaps into the rear, and as I turned my head to the right to view whatever it was or see whatever it was, I heard a voice from the back seat and I firmly believe it was the President's, "My God, I am hit," and I turned around and he has got his hands up here like this.
Mr. SPECTER. Indicating right hand up toward his neck?
Mr. KELLERMAN. That is right, sir. In fact, both hands were up in that direction.
Senator COOPER. Which side of his neck?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Beg pardon?
Senator COOPER. Which side of his neck?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Both hands were up, sir; this one is like this here and here we are with the hands--
Mr. SPECTER. Indicating the left hand is up above the head.
Mr. KELLERMAN. In the collar section.
Mr. SPECTER. As you are positioning yourself in the witness chair, your right hand is up with the finger at the ear level as if clutching from the right of the head; would that be an accurate description of the position you pictured there?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Yes. Good. There was enough for me to verify that the man was hit. So, in the same motion I come right back and grabbed the speaker and said to the driver, "Let's get out of here; we are hit," and grabbed the mike and I said, "Lawson, this is Kellerman,"--this is Lawson, who is in the front car. "We are hit; get us to the hospital immediately." Now, in the seconds that I talked just now, a flurry of shells come into the car. I then looked back and this time Mr. Hill, who was riding on the left front bumper of our followup car, was on the back trunk of that car; the President was sideways down into the back seat.
[...]
Mr. KELLERMAN. Mr. Congressman, I have driven that car many times, and I never cease to be amazed even to this day with the weight of the automobile plus the power that is under the hood; we just literally jumped out of the God-damn road.
Representative FORD. As soon as this noise was heard, or as soon as you transmitted this message to Lawson?
Mr. KELLERMAN. As soon as I transmitted to the driver first as I went to Lawson. I just leaned sideways to, him and said, "Let's get out of here. We are hit."
Representative FORD. That comment was made to Greer; not to Lawson?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Yes, sir; that is right.
Representative FORD. And the subsequent message was to Lawson?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Correct. That is right.
Mr. SPECTER. With relationship to that first noise that you have described, when did you hear the voice?
Mr. KELLERMAN. His voice?
Mr. SPECTER. We will start with his voice.
Mr. KELLERMAN. Ok. From the noise of which I was in the process of turning to determine where it was or what it was, it carried on right then. Why I am so positive, gentlemen, that it was his voice there is only one man in that back seat that was from Boston, and the accents carried very clearly.
Mr. SPECTER. Well, had you become familiar with the President's voice prior to that day?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Yes; very much so.
Mr. SPECTER. And what was the basis for your becoming familiar with his voice prior to that day?
Mr. KELLERMAN. I had been with him for 3 years.
Mr. SPECTER. And had you talked with him on a very frequent basis during the course of that association?
Mr. KELLERMAN. He was a very free man to talk to; yes. He knew most all the men, most everybody who worked in the White House as well as everywhere, and he would call you.
Mr. SPECTER. And from your experience would you say that you could recognize the voice?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Very much, sir; I would.
Mr. SPECTER. Now, I think you may have answered this, but I want to pin-point just when you heard that statement which you have attributed to President Kennedy in relationship to the sound which you described as a firecracker.
Mr. KELLERMAN. This noise which I attribute as a firecracker, when this occurred and I am in the process of determining where it comes because I am sure it came off my right rear somewhere; the voice broke in right then.
Mr. SPECTER. At about the same time?
Mr. KELLERMAN. That is correct, sir. That is right.
Mr. SPECTER. Now, did President Kennedy say anything beside, "My God, I am hit."
Mr. KELLERMAN. That is the last words he said, sir.
Mr. SPECTER. Did Mrs. Kennedy say anything at that specific time?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Mr. Specter, there was an awful lot of confusion in that back seat. She did a lot of talking which I can't recall all the phrases.
Mr. SPECTER. Well, pinpoint--
Mr. KELLERMAN. But after the flurry of shots, I recall her saying, "What are they doing to you?" Now again, of course, my comparison of the voice of her speech--certainly, I have heard it many times, and in the car there was conversation she was carrying on through shock, I am sure.
Mr. SPECTER. Well, going back to the precise time that you heard the President say, "My God, I am hit," do you recollect whether she said anything at that time?
Mr. KELLERMAN. No.
Mr. SPECTER. Whether or not you can re-create what she said?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Not that I can recall right then sir. This statement, or whatever she said, happened after all the shooting was over.
Mr. SPECTER. All right. Now, you have described hearing a noise which sounded like a firecracker and you have described turning to your right and described hearing the President's voice and, again, what was your next motion, if any, or movement, if any?
Mr. KELLERMAN. After I was sure that his statement was right that he was hit, turned from the back I come right down--
Mr. SPECTER. You just indicated that you had turned to the left. Had you turned to the left after hearing his voice?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Yes; certainly.
Mr. SPECTER. And what did you see? You have described what you saw in terms of position of his hands.
Mr. KELLERMAN. That was it.
Mr. SPECTER. What did you do next?
Mr. KELLERMAN. That is when I completely turned to my right and grabbed for the mike in the same motion, sideways telling the driver, "Let's get out of here; we are hit."
[...]
Mr. SPECTER. When was it that Mrs. Kennedy made the statement which you have described, "My God, what are they doing?"
Mr. KELLERMAN. This occurred after the flurry of shots.
[...]
Mr. SPECTER. Mr. Kellerman, there is a report from the Federal Bureau of Investigation designated "Bureau File No. 105"--I believe there is an "S", although it is somewhat illegible on my copy--"S2555, report of Special Agent Robert P. Gemberling," dated December 10, 1963, which refers to an interview of you by Special Agent Francis X. O'Neill, Jr., and James W. Sibert, in which the following is set forth: "He"--and this obviously refers to you--"advised that he heard a shot and immediately turned around looking past Governor Connally who was seated directly in back of him, to the President. He observed the President slumped forward and heard him say 'get me to a hospital.' Mr. Kellerman then heard Mrs. Kennedy say, 'Oh, no, as the President leaned toward her." That is the end of the quotation. My question is: Did you hear him; did you hear President Kennedy say, "Get me to a hospital"?
Mr. KELLERMAN. No, sir.
Mr. SPECTER. Did you hear Mrs. Kennedy say, "Oh, no"?
Mr. KELLERMAN. No, sir.
Mr. SPECTER. Do you have any knowledge or explanation as to why you would have been so quoted in the report of the FBI?
Mr. KELLERMAN. When these two gentlemen talked to me, I don't know where they got those quotes, because the only two things that I told them, they were interested in what I heard from the people in the back seat, and one said "my God, I have been hit," which was President Kennedy, and Mrs. Kennedy said, "What are they doing to you?"
Mr. SPECTER. You were interviewed, however, by Mr. O'Neill and Mr. Sibert on November 22, 1963?
Mr. KELLERMAN. November what?
Mr. SPECTER. November 22.
Mr. KELLERMAN. No. November 22 is when they were in the morgue with me. They interviewed me in the office that--it was around the 27th. This was after the funeral.
Mr. SPECTER. Did they have any conversation with you about these events in the morgue?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Not that I recall, sir.
[...]
Mr. SPECTER. Mr. Kellerman, I have read to you a part of what Special Agents O'Neill and Sibert have attributed to you in an interview which they have written about on November 22, 1963. Referring to that in the portion which I have read to you and which I will reread, I want you to direct your attention to the issue about which way you turned. The report states, "He advised he heard a shot and immediately turned around looking past Governor Connally who was seated directly in back of him to the President." Now, did that describe a turn to the right or to the left? This is a difficult question. Let me interject one thing. We are presupposing here, based on your testimony, that you did not discuss with Special Agents O'Neill or Sibert these specific events on November 22, to the best of your recollection as we sit here today.
Mr. KELLERMAN. That is right.
Mr. SPECTER. So that the question really goes to a situation where perhaps they have an inaccurate day or your recollection is inaccurate as to some of the things you might have told them. So, my prefatory question would be whether that is an accurate statement and is something you told them at some time.
Mr. KELLERMAN. I don't believe I did. I think I will stand on my original statement.
Representative FORD. The original statement you made here today?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Yes, sir; very much.
Mr. SPECTER. So that the statement I just read to you, so far as your best--
Mr. KELLERMAN. I can't--
Mr. SPECTER. So far as your best testimony is at this time, it was simply not made by you on November 22?
Mr. KELLERMAN. That is right, sir.
Mr. SPECTER. All right, now. Was that statement I just read to you, the short one about your turn, to the best of your recollection at this moment, did you ever make that statement to Special Agents O'Neill and/or Sibert?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Mr. Specter, everybody I have talked to I have always turned to the right when I first heard the noise. I turned to my left to view the people in my back seat because it is a more comfortable position. So I don't think the turning is correct, sir.
Mr. SPECTER. Would you say the report is incorrect?
Mr. KELLERMAN. That is right.
Representative FORD. May I ask--you have viewed these colored motion pictures which were taken during the assassination. Have you looked at those to see what your own actions were during this period of time?
Mr. KELLERMAN. Yes, sir.
Representative FORD. Do they coincide with what you have testified to here today?
Mr. KELLERMAN. They certainly do.
(WC Vol. 2, p. 61 [text])
On 3/12/1964, the Warren Commission's assistant council Arlen Specter interviewed Sibert and O'Neill, asking them about their interactions with Kellerman. As Specter reported:
I also questioned SA Sibert and SA O'Neill about their interviews of ASAIC Kellerman and SA Greer on the portions of the FBI report which Kellerman and Greer have repudiated.
SAs Sibert and O'Neill stated that they interviewed SAs Kellerman and Greer formally on November 27, 1963, and talked to them only informally at the autopsy. SA O'Neill stated that he is certain that he had a verbatim note on Kellerman's statement that the President said "Get me to a hospital" and also that Mrs. Kennedy said "Oh, no." SA O'Neill stated that he was sure those were direct quotes from Kellerman because O'Neill used quotation marks in his report which indicated that he had written those precise words in his notes, which notes have since been destroyed after the report was dictated. SA O'Neill noted that Mr. Kellerman did not repeat that language in the interview of November 27, 1963, and that in the later interview O'Neill took down what Kellerman said without leading or directing him in any way.
(ARRB MD 154)
In later interviews, O'Neill recalled Kellerman telling him that President Kennedy was the only one in the car with a Boston accent (Interview by Harrison Livingstone, 5/20/1991; 4/2/1992 panel discussion at the Franklin Pierce Law Center; ARRB deposition, 9/12/1997 [audio]; Interviews by William Law, In the Eye of History, 2004; Interview by Brian R. Hollstein, 4/6/2005).
No other witnesses claimed to hear the President vocalize words during the shooting. Texas Goveror John Connally, seated in the right-center of the Limousine, told the Warren Commission that after he felt himself being shot, he said "Oh, no, no, no" and "My God, they are going to kill us all". When asked "Did President Kennedy make any statement during the time of the shooting or immediately prior thereto?", Connally replied "He never uttered a sound at all that I heard" (WC Vol. 4, p. 129, 4/21/1964 testimony [text]). First Lady Jacqueline "Jackie" Kennedy, in the left-rear seat, said she heard Connally saying "Oh, no, no, no", but no other words before the fatal head shot (WC Vol. 5, p. 178, 6/5/1964 WC testimony [text]). Mrs. Idanell "Nellie" Connally, in the left-center seat, said that President Kennedy "made no utterance, no cry", and that she heard the Governor say "Oh, no, no, no" and "My God, they are going to kill us all" (WC Vol. 4, p. 146, 4/21/1964 WC testimony [text). Secret Service Agent William Greer, the driver in the left front seat, was asked "Did you hear anyone in the car say anything from the time of the first shot until the time of the third shot?", to which he replied "Not to the best of my recollection, I don't remember" (WC Vol. 2, p. 112, 3/9/1964 WC testimony [text]).
NEXT - Part 4: Missing autopsy photographs showing the interior body/lungs
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My rep profile
And my GCExchange profile
PROMO codes to try right now AFTER first ride with my referral code are V2DEA, GO2TEN, 3TENBACK, and URBDAY1 (app will tell you if they do or don't when you enter them on the promo code screen).
Terms and conditions
Last Updated: April 2, 2019
Welcome to Mobileoffer, Inc. dba Freebird Rides –the world’s first and only platform that allows you to earn valuable points and cash rewards for simply riding with a rideshare service. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THAT FREEBIRD RIDES PROVIDES A REFERRAL SERVICE, SIMPLY CONNECTING YOU WITH ONE OR MORE RIDESHARE SERVICES THAT MAY TAKE YOU TO THE ESTABLISHMENTS OF VARIOUS BUSINESSES. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY RIDESHARE SERVICES, AND IT DOES NOT OFFER ANY OF THE SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT MAY BE OFFERED BY ANY ESTABLISHMENT TO WHICH THE RIDESHARE SERVICE CONVEYS YOU. YOU AGREE THAT ANY RIDESHARE SERVICE AND ANY ESTABLISHMENT YOU VISIT ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR CONDUCT AND LIABILITIES. FREEBIRD RIDES’ SOLE RESPONSIBILITIES AND LIABILITIES ARE THOSE SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS OF SERVICE.
IN ADDITION, THESE TERMSCONTAIN AN ARIBTRATION THAT REQUIRES YOU TO RESOLVE ANY DISPUTE WITH MOBILEOFFER, INC. dba FREEBIRD RIDES THROUGH BINDING ARBITRATION. THEREFORE,PLEASE REVIEW THE ARBITRATION AGREEMENT SET FORTH BELOW CAREFULLY. BY AGREEING TOTHESETERMS OF SERVICE, YOUEXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL OF THE ARBITRATION TERMS, AS WELL AS THE OTHER TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ABIDE BY THOSE TERMS. PLEASE TAKE THE TIME TO READ THEM CAREFULLY, AS THEY CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION REGARDING YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS, REMEDIES, AND OBLIGATIONS, INCLUDING LIABILITY LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS.
Contract Formation These Terms of Service ("Terms") govern your access or use of the applications, websites, content, products, and services (the "Services")made available by Freebird Rides and its affiliates, employees, agents, and officers (collectively, "Freebird Rides", "we", "us" and "our").These Terms create a binding, enforceable legal agreement between Freebird Rides and you. These Terms may therefore be referred to herein as the "Agreement". In these Terms, the words "including" and "include" mean "including, but not limited to."
By accessing or using the Services, you confirm your agreement to be bound by these Terms. If you do not agree to these Terms, you may not access or use the Services. These Terms expressly supersede any prior agreements or arrangements with you. Freebird Rides may immediately terminate these Terms or any Services with respect to you, or generally cease offering or deny access to the Services or any portion thereof, at any time for any reason.
Freebird Rides may also amend these Terms from time to time. Your continued use of the Servicesafter these Terms have been changed or revised (as indicated by the “Last Updated” date set forth above)indicates your ongoing acceptance of these Terms, including any amendedor revisedTerms.
You agree that this Agreementis entered into electronically and that Freebird Rides may contact you electronically at the e-mail address and mobile telephone number connected with your account, whether provided to us directly or through Uber, for the purposes of communicating with you about your account and for marketing purposes. You may opt out of any marketing messages by sending us notice of your opt out to [email protected]. Please review our Privacy Policy located at https://www.freebirdrides.com/privacy/ as you must also agree to the terms and conditions of said Privacy Policy in order to use the Services.
The Services Freebird Rides is a referral service. Freebird Rides contracts with businesses that wish to encourage customers to visit their places of business (“Member Businesses”) by offering to reimburse their potential customers for some or all of their costs of obtaining transportation from a third party rideshare service such as Uber or Lyft. Freebird Rides’ Services include access to a mobile application and related tools (the “Application”) that integrate with the rideshare services, track the offers of Member Businesses, and communicate them to you. When you become a customer of a Member Business by making a purchase at the Member Business, the Application handles reimbursement to you in the amount of the offer from the Member Business or the cost of the ride, whichever is less.
The Services are made available to you for your own personal and non-commercial use. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT PROVIDING THE SERVICES DOES NOT MAKE FREEBIRD RIDES A TRANSPORTATION PROVIDER, DELIVERY SERVICE, OR CARRIER.
Please note that if you have not completed a ride on Freebird for six consecutive months, any Freebird reward points that you may have accrued will expire with no value. Freebird may also offset the reward points you are owed against any amount you owe Freebird.
License and Restrictions Related to the Services Subject to your compliance with these Terms, Freebird Rides grants you a limited, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, revocable, non-transferable license to: (i) access and use the Application on your personal device solely in connection with your use of the Services; and (ii) access and use any content, information and related materials that may be made available through the Services, in each case solely for your personal, noncommercial use. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Freebird Rides. You may not use any of Freebird Rides’ trademarks, logos, or other intellectual property except as expressly provided in theseTerms.
You may not: (i) remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary notices from any portion of the Services; (ii) reproduce, modify, prepare derivative works based upon, distribute, license, lease, sell, resell,transfer, publicly display, publicly perform, transmit, stream, broadcast or otherwise exploit the Services except as expressly permitted by Freebird Rides; (iii) decompile, reverse engineer or disassemble the Services except as may be permitted by applicable law; (iv) link to, mirror or frame any portion of the Services; (v) cause or launch any programs or scripts for the purpose of scraping, indexing, surveying, or otherwise data mining any portion of the Services or unduly burdening or hindering the operation and/or functionality of any aspect of the Services; or (vi) attempt to gain unauthorized access to or impair any aspect of the Services or its related systems or networks.
In connection with the Services, you may access services offered by third parties (“Third-Party Services”). Those Third-Party Services may involve drink and food specials from Member Businesses and other advertising offered by third parties. These third parties and the Third-Party Services are not governed by these Terms, and you acknowledge that your relationships with such third parties, including any liability relating to those relationships, are governed by your contracts and other legal relationships with those parties. This includes your relationships with rideshare providers,Member Businesses, and any other third parties who may advertise using the Services or with whom you may come in contact through the Services.
Agreement to Binding Arbitration You and Freebird Rides agree that any dispute, claim or controversy arising out of or relating to (a) these Terms or the existence, breach, termination, enforcement, interpretation or validity thereof, or (b) your access to or use of the Services at any time, whether before or after the date you agreed to the Terms, will be settledby binding arbitration between you and Freebird Rides, and not in a court of law.
You acknowledge and agree that you and Freebird Rides are each waiving the right to a trial by jury or to participate as a plaintiff or class member in any purported class action or representative proceeding. Unless both you and Freebird Rides otherwise agree in writing, any arbitration will be conducted only on an individual basis and not in a class, collective, consolidated, or representative proceeding. However, you and Freebird Rides each retain the right to bring an individual action in small claims court and the right to seek injunctive or other equitable relief in a court of competent jurisdiction to prevent the actual or threatened infringement, misappropriation or violation of a party's copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents or other intellectual property rights.
The arbitration will be administered by the American Arbitration Association ("AAA") in accordance with the AAA’s Consumer Arbitration Rules and the Supplementary Procedures for Consumer Related Disputes (the "AAA Rules") then in effect, except as modified by this Arbitration Agreement. The AAA Rules are available at www.adr.org/arb_med or by calling the AAA at1-800-778-7879.
The parties agree that the arbitrator (“Arbitrator”), and not any federal, state, or local court or agency, shall have exclusive authority to resolve any disputes relating to the interpretation, applicability, enforceability or formation of this Arbitration Agreement, including any claim that all or any part of this Arbitration Agreement is void or voidable. The Arbitrator shall also be responsible for determining all threshold arbitrability issues, including issues relating to whether theTerms are unconscionable or illusory and any defense to arbitration, including waiver, delay, laches, or estoppel.
Notwithstanding any choice of law or other provision in the Terms, the parties agree and acknowledge that this Arbitration Agreement evidences a transaction involving interstate commerce and that the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1 et seq. (“FAA”), will govern its interpretation and enforcement and proceedings pursuant thereto. It is the intent of the parties that the FAA and AAA Rules shall preempt all state laws to the fullest extent permitted by law. If the FAA and AAA Rules are found to not apply to any issue that arises under this Arbitration Agreement or the enforcement thereof,then that issue shall be resolved under the laws of the State of Californiawithout reference to or application of any conflict of law rules.
The Arbitrator will render an award within the timeframe specified in the AAA Rules. Judgment on the arbitration award may be entered in any court having competent jurisdiction to do so. The Arbitrator may award declaratory or injunctive relief only in favor of the claimant and only to the extent necessary to provide relief warranted by the claimant's individual claim. An Arbitrator’s decision shall be final and binding on all parties. An Arbitrator’s decision and judgment thereon shall have no precedential or collateral estoppel effect. The party that prevails in arbitration will be entitled to an award of attorneys' fees and expenses, to the extent allowedunder applicable law.
If any portion of this Arbitration Agreement is found to be unenforceable or unlawful for any reason, (1) the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall be severed from these Terms; (2) severance of the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall have no impact whatsoever on the remainder of the Arbitration Agreement or the parties’ ability to compel arbitration of any remaining claims on an individual basis pursuant to the Arbitration Agreement; and (3) to the extent that any claims must therefore proceed on a class, collective, consolidated, or representative basis, such claims must be litigated in a civil court of competent jurisdiction and not in arbitration, and the parties agree that litigation of those claims shall be stayed pending the outcome of any individual claims in arbitration.
User Accounts, Feedback and Copyrightable Content When you download the Application, you will be required to set up an account with Freebird Rides (“Account”). As part of the registration process, you will berequired to give us certain information such as your name, address, mobile phone number and age, as well as banking information for deposits of amounts to be reimbursed to you. You agree to maintain accurate, complete, and up-to-date information in your Account. Your failure to do so may result in your inability to access or use the Services. You may only have one Account and may not allow any third party to use your Account for any purpose.
You are responsible for any costs or fees related to network access and data or messaging fees for your mobile device and for the security of your loginIDand password related to your Account, as well as for all activity that occurs under your Account.
You must be 18 or older to access the Services, and you warrant andrepresent that you are 18 or over. You may not assign these Terms to any third party. If you do, Freebird Rides may, at its sole option, retroactively declare any such assignment void at the moment of assignment. You may not use your Account or access theServices for any purpose not in compliance with applicable law, and you may not use the Services in a manner that causes nuisance, annoyance, damage, or inconvenience to any third party.
The Services may permit you to submit feedback, user community contributions and comments, technical support information, suggestions, enhancement requests, recommendations, and messages relating to the use and operation of the Service(“User Content”). You grant to us a royalty-free, fully paid, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, transferable license to display, use, copy, modify, publish, perform, translate, create derivative works from, sublicense, distribute, and otherwise exploit User Contentwithout restriction.
We respect the intellectual propertyrights of others. We reserve the right to remove any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's copyright, trademark or other intellectual property right, and/or terminate, discontinue, suspend or restrict the account or ability to visit and/or use the Services or remove, edit, or disable any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's intellectual property rights. We provide this policy pursuant to Section 512 of the Copyright Revision Act, as enacted through the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA").
A valid complaint under the DMCA must provide the following information in writing: An electronic or physical signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Identification of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed. Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing and where it is located on the Service. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact you, such as your address, telephone number, and, email address. A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or law. A statement, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information is accurate, and that you are the copyright owner or are authorized to act on behalf of the owner.
FEDERAL LAW PROVIDES THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE MATERIAL IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY AND CIVIL PENALTIES, INCLUDING MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS' FEES.
The above information must be submitted to Freebird at: [email protected]
Payment Terms Payment Process: When you download the Application and register for an Account, you will receive access to available offers made by Member Businesses (each an “Offer”). If you accept an Offer and hail a ride pursuant to an Offer, payment for the total amount of the ride will be made to the rideshare operator using your credit card or other payment method on file with such rideshare operator. Payment will be governed by your agreement with the rideshare operator and any applicable agreement with your credit card company.
You must link one or more of your credit or debit cards with Freebird Rides to enable Freebird Rides to validate you have made a purchase at the Member Business establishment (each a “Linked Card”). When you reach the Member Business establishment and make a purchase there with a Linked Card, Freebird Rides will receive notice of the purchase and other payment information, including the date and time of purchase, amount of purchase, last four digits of the credit card number, city/state/zip code, and payment card type (“Payment Information”). You give permission to each Member Business and credit card processing company to share the Payment Information with Freebird Rides. Providing this information to Freebird Rides allows Freebird Rides to track the value of the Services on behalf of Member Businesses. Freebird Rides will keep confidential all Payment Information in accordance with applicable law and best industry practices and will not use such Payment Information for any purpose whatsoever, other than as set forth herein.
Upon receipt of notice that you have made a purchase, Freebird Rides will transfer credit from the Member Business’s account with Freebird Rides directly to your Account subject to the operating procedures of your bank. The amount will show as pending until such time as settlement occurs (usually within 72 hours), at which time you may transfer the credit into the bank account you have given us for the purposes of making reimbursements to you.
You are required to make a purchase at the Member Business before receiving reimbursement, but no specific amount of purchase is required.
If, for any reason, you do not make a purchase at the Member Business, you will not be reimbursed for the amount paid to the rideshare operator. If you have not created a Linked Card that matches the card you used to make a purchase at the Member Business within 45 days of such purchase, you will no longer be entitled to receive the Member Offer for that purchase. If, for any reason, your Linked Card does not match your transaction at a Member Business and you do not receive the Member Offer, you must report the issue to Freebird Rides by creating a ticket with Freebird Rides customer support within 45 days of your transaction date. If you do not create a support ticket within 45 days of such ride to a Member Business, you will forfeit your unclaimed Member Offer. Freebird Rides makes reimbursements based on the conditions set forth herein, and any exceptions or other allowances will be at the sole discretion of Freebird Rides.
Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability; Indemnity Disclaimer: THE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." FREEBIRD RIDES DISCLAIMS ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, NOT EXPRESSLY SET OUT IN THESE TERMS, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN ADDITION, FREEBIRD RIDES MAKES NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, OR GUARANTEE REGARDING THE RELIABILITY, TIMELINESS, QUALITY, SUITABILITY, OR AVAILABILITY OF THE SERVICES OR ANY SERVICES REQUESTED THROUGH THE USE OF THE SERVICES OR GOODS OBTAINED AT ANY MEMBER BUSINESS, OR THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE QUALITY, SUITABILITY, SAFETY OR ABILITY OF THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS. YOU AGREE THAT THE ENTIRE RISK ARISING OUT OF YOUR USE OF THE SERVICES, AND ANY SERVICE OR GOOD REQUESTED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH, REMAINS SOLELY WITH YOU, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW.
Limitation of Liability: FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA, PERSONAL INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RELATED TO, IN CONNECTION WITH, OR OTHERWISE RESULTING FROM ANY USE OF THE SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE NEGLIGENCE (EITHER ACTIVE, AFFIRMATIVE, SOLE, OR CONCURRENT) OF FREEBIRD RIDES, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, LIABILITY OR LOSSES ARISING OUT OF: (i) YOUR USE OF OR RELIANCE ON THE SERVICES OR YOUR INABILITY TO ACCESS OR USE THE SERVICES; OR (ii) ANY TRANSACTION OR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND ANY THIRD PARTY PROVIDER, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DELAY OR FAILURE IN PERFORMANCE RESULTING FROM CAUSES BEYOND FREEBIRD RIDES'S REASONABLE CONTROL. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION SERVICES, ACCOMMODATIONS, MEALS OR OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS MAY NOT BE PROFESSIONALLY LICENSED OR PERMITTED.
THE SERVICES MAY BE USED BY YOU TO REQUEST AND SCHEDULE TRANSPORTATION WTH THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS, BUT YOU AGREE THAT FREEBIRD RIDES HAS NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY TO YOU RELATED TO ANY TRANSPORTATION PROVIDED TO YOU BY THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS OR GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBER BUSINESSES OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS.
THE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER IN THIS SECTION DO NOT PURPORT TO LIMIT LIABILITY OR ALTER YOUR RIGHTS AS A CONSUMER THAT CANNOT BE EXCLUDED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF OR THE LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, IN SUCH STATES OR JURISDICTIONS, FREEBIRD RIDES’S LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. THIS PROVISION SHALL HAVE NO EFFECT ON FREEBIRD RIDES’S CHOICE OF LAW PROVISION SET FORTH BELOW.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE TO YOU, OR ANY OTHER PARTY, FOR TAXES OR OTHER LIABILITIES RELATED TO THE RECEIPT OF CASH PRIZES, NON-MONETARY PRIZES OR REWARDS OR ANY OTHER INCOME YOU MAY RECEIVE FROM USE OF THE SERVICES. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE BY USING THE SERVICES THAT YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY AND ALL SUCH LIABILITIES.
Indemnity: You agree to defend, indemnify and hold Freebird Rides and its affiliates and their officers, directors, employees, and agents harmless from and against any and all claims, demands, losses, liabilities, and expenses (including attorneys' fees), arising out of or related to: (i) your use of the Services or services or goods obtained through your use of the Services; (ii) your breach or violation of any of these Terms; (iii) the acts or omissions of any third-party provider, Member Business, or third party, including any claim related to a personal injury occurring en route to a Member Business and any claim related to a good purchased from a Member Business; or (iv) your violation of the rights of any third party, including third party providers.
Choice of Law These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., without reference to or application of its conflict of law principles, except as may be otherwise provided in the Arbitration Agreement above. The foregoing choice of law and forum selection provisions do not apply to the arbitration clause in the Terms or to any arbitrable disputes as defined therein. Instead, the Federal Arbitration Act shall apply to any such disputes.
Notice Freebird Rides may give notice by means of a general notice on the Services, electronic mail to your email address in your Account, telephone or text message to any phone number provided in connection with your account, or by written communication sent by first class mail or pre-paid post to any address connected with your Account. Such notice shall be deemed to have been given upon the expiration of 48 hours after mailing or posting (if sent by first class mail or pre-paid post) or 12 hours after sending (if sent by email or telephone). You may give notice to Freebird Rides, with such notice deemed given when received by Freebird Rides, at any time by first class mail or pre-paid post to Mobileoffer, Inc., 26500 Agora Road, Calabasas, CA 91302. You may also give notice to Freebird Rides via e-mail directed to [email protected]. E-mail notice shall be deemed delivered when affirmatively acknowledged by Freebird Rides.
General No joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you or Freebird Rides as a result of these Terms or use of the Services. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision shall be struck and the remaining provisions shall be enforced to the fullest extent possible under law. Freebird Rides' failure to enforce any right or provision in these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by Freebird Rides in writing. This provision shall not affect any portion of the Arbitration Agreement of these Terms. These Terms are the complete and fully integrated expression of the parties’ agreement with respect to the matters addressed herein and may be modified or supplemented only by written agreement signed by the parties or as set forth in the Terms.
submitted by play_it_safe to signupsforpay [link] [comments]


2019.10.30 13:17 ScrewTheAverage Extensive List and Ideas of What to Do and Prepare (Or at Least Consider) before Long-Term Travel, Becoming Location Independent, Moving Abroad, or Embarking on an Extended Travel Adventure

Sorry for the length everyone, but we wanted to be as thorough as possible. :-)
Edit: For the most up to date list (including a downloadable PDF checklist) with improved formatting, more thorough explanations, itemized backpack/gear (his and hers), award travel hacks/tips, mistakes and lessons learned, budget and expenses (less than $25 p/p!) tips, house sitting guide (and so on), checkout our looking back on our travels article.
We’re a married couple (IT and Project Management and Training consultants) in our 30’s and in 2016, we sold 95% of our belongings (/minimalist) and set off to become/purse independence (location, financial, employment, etc.) (digitalnomad, leanfire, financialindependence). Our goal was to travel abroad continually (mainly Europe, longtermtravel) out of one 36L backpack each (and about 15lbs/7kgs), Osprey Manta AG 36s (/onebagging, onebag, HerOneBag). In our first year we were fortunate to visit three continents, 23 countries, 60 cities, and do 18 house sits.
Since our initial year, we've continued to travel and are now house sitting full time (nearly 50).
With that being said, there was a lot of preparation, beyond the backpack and gear, which needed to be done before embarking on our new and pursuant lifestyle. We hope this list may be of help to other aspiring expats and travelers who are contemplating long-term overseas travel. However, keep in mind that this list is made up of the things we did/considered, and depending on your situation/travel style/sense of adventure, some or all of it, may not apply/be relevant to you.
In others words, feel free to take what's relevant to you and leave the rest. :-)
List of recommendations to do/consider before embarking on extended (perhaps overseas travel):
Power To Fly Working Nomads We Work Remotely Remotely Awesome Jobs Hacker News Jobs United Nations Development Jobs Flex Jobs The Training Associates Angel List Remote OK Awesome Remote Job (GitHub)
Sample Providers
Med Jet Assist
Insure My Trip
Allianz Travel Insurance
World Nomads
Global Benefits Group
WEA
These links are in regards to 'things to consider' when shopping for travel insurance and medical travel insurance:
Perpetual TravelUS State DepartmentRick Steves
Also, don't forget that a credit card can sometimes have built-in travel insurance (although, usually not as robust as a standalone policy).
We ordered, for no additional cost (as of the time we ordered ours), a passport with extra pages (52 vs the standard 20), by checking the box for “Large Book” on the application form. Also, before 2016, travelers could request additional pages be added to an existing passport, but now you need to order an entirely new passport if you fill up the pages on your current one.
Well, there you have it, sorry again for the length! We’ve found that having these things in order has dramatically reduced our need to scramble and/or solve issues while pursuing this type of lifestyle. Obviously, nothing is 100%, but doing and/or considering these things has served us well over the last 19-months. The idea is too try and be proactive instead of reactive,

And again, deciding on what items to keep, sell, or donate may be the hardest part of beginning a long-term journey...but remember, it's just stuff!

We’re sure we’ve forgotten some things, but we hope the community finds the information helpful!
Safe and Happy travels!
submitted by ScrewTheAverage to travel [link] [comments]


2019.10.22 18:12 ScrewTheAverage Extensive List and Ideas of What to Do and Prepare (Or at Least Consider) Before Moving Abroad (Expat), Long-Term Travel, or Becoming Location Independent

Sorry for the length everyone, but we wanted to be as thorough as possible. :-)
Edit: For the most up to date list (including a downloadable PDF checklist) with improved formatting, more thorough explanations, itemized backpack/gear (his and hers), award travel hacks/tips, mistakes and lessons learned, budget and expenses (less than $25 p/p!) tips, house sitting guide (and so on), checkout our looking back on our travels article.
We’re a married couple (IT and Project Management and Training consultants) in our 30’s and in 2016, we sold 95% of our belongings (/minimalist) and set off to become/purse independence (location, financial, employment, etc.) (digitalnomad, leanfire, financialindependence). Our goal was to travel abroad continually (mainly Europe, longtermtravel) out of one 36L backpack each (and about 15lbs/7kgs), Osprey Manta AG 36s (/onebagging, onebag, HerOneBag). In our first year we were fortunate to visit three continents, 23 countries, 60 cities, and do 18 house sits.
Since our initial year, we've continued to travel and are now house sitting full time (nearly 50).
With that being said, there was a lot of preparation, beyond the backpack and gear, which needed to be done before embarking on our new and pursuant lifestyle. We hope this list may be of help to other aspiring expats and travelers who are contemplating long-term overseas travel. However, keep in mind that this list is made up of the things we did/considered, and depending on your situation/travel style/sense of adventure, some or all of it, may not apply/be relevant to you.
In others words, feel free to take what's relevant to you and leave the rest. :-)
List of recommendations to do/consider before embarking on extended (perhaps overseas travel):
Power To Fly Working Nomads We Work Remotely Remotely Awesome Jobs Hacker News Jobs United Nations Development Jobs Flex Jobs The Training Associates Angel List Remote OK Awesome Remote Job (GitHub)
Sample Providers
Med Jet Assist
Insure My Trip
Allianz Travel Insurance
World Nomads
Global Benefits Group
WEA
These links are in regards to 'things to consider' when shopping for travel insurance and medical travel insurance:
Perpetual TravelUS State DepartmentRick Steves
Also, don't forget that a credit card can sometimes have built-in travel insurance (although, usually not as robust as a standalone policy).
We ordered, for no additional cost (as of the time we ordered ours), a passport with extra pages (52 vs the standard 20), by checking the box for “Large Book” on the application form. Also, before 2016, travelers could request additional pages be added to an existing passport, but now you need to order an entirely new passport if you fill up the pages on your current one.
Well, there you have it, sorry again for the length! We’ve found that having these things in order has dramatically reduced our need to scramble and/or solve issues while pursuing this type of lifestyle. Obviously, nothing is 100%, but doing and/or considering these things has served us well over the last 19-months. The idea is too try and be proactive instead of reactive,

And again, deciding on what items to keep, sell, or donate may be the hardest part of beginning a long-term journey...but remember, it's just stuff!

We’re sure we’ve forgotten some things, but we hope the community finds the information helpful!
Safe and Happy travels!
submitted by ScrewTheAverage to expat [link] [comments]


2019.10.21 14:56 play_it_safe [OFFER] Take Uber/Lyft ride, I'll pay you $3 for it AND you get $5 x 2 bonus from them, no minimum cashout amount (Freebird app)

US only, need debit card to cash out to (no minimum withdrawal), need to sign in to CC/debit account and pay with that card
You'll pay for first ride out of pocket, and get $5 referral credit on first ride (and $3 from me) and then another $5 on second ride (and can probably get promo code to apply for second one)
Freebird is essentially a ridesharing (Uber mostly, now Lyft, too) cashback app that acts like a portal to Uber and Lyft, much like eBates in a way. This is all guaranteed to work with Uber, so I'm sticking with that.
This is a bit involved but well worth it and very straightforward. Exact instructions follow.
1) Download Freebird app (NOT Freebirds, the burrito place!) by clicking the follwing link: https://my.fbird.co/G30ebkDrzT
2) Make an account by linking your Uber account, and then go to Profile>Promo Codes in Freebird app and enter the referral code p96b1 (just in case it didn't apply through using the above link).
PM me at this point with your first name and I will confirm for you that your signup is indeed tied to my referal for the $5 x 2 from the app later on
3) Go to Profile>Payment Methods to link the CC/debit card you use for your regular Uber app. They must be the same. Now you're all set up! You can take the ride whenever you want after this.
4) When you're ready to take your ride, do the following:
Book a ride using above payment method through the Freebird app, not through Uber app! It says to a movie theater but can be anywhere.
After the ride is complete, you'll get a $5 referral bonus and you can cash it out with no minimum withdrawal required to a debit card.
5) PM me the name you sent me after Step 2 and your Paypal email. If it checks out, I'll send $3 to your PayPal. It may take me up to an hour or so to verify get you the funds -- I'm only checking my reddit periodically! So don't freak out if I don't respond immediately
6) Take the second ride if you want. I won't be paying anything for this one, but the second one will get you another $5 referral promo and before taking the ride, you should put in the codes at the end of this post to see if one works
Here is how the screen should look with promo code applied; make sure promo code you want to use shows.
If you have more than one phone numbeUber account, I'll pay out for each time you do it.
If you have any questions at all, PM or comment, and also let me know if my instructions are uncleaneed revising.
Photo proof of how the promo codes load and cash out
Previous times I ran this offer with payout confirmations there too: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
My rep profile
And my GCExchange profile
PROMO codes to try right now AFTER first ride with my referral code are V2DEA, GO2TEN, 3TENBACK, and URBDAY1 (app will tell you if they do or don't when you enter them on the promo code screen).
Terms and conditions
Last Updated: April 2, 2019
Welcome to Mobileoffer, Inc. dba Freebird Rides –the world’s first and only platform that allows you to earn valuable points and cash rewards for simply riding with a rideshare service. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THAT FREEBIRD RIDES PROVIDES A REFERRAL SERVICE, SIMPLY CONNECTING YOU WITH ONE OR MORE RIDESHARE SERVICES THAT MAY TAKE YOU TO THE ESTABLISHMENTS OF VARIOUS BUSINESSES. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY RIDESHARE SERVICES, AND IT DOES NOT OFFER ANY OF THE SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT MAY BE OFFERED BY ANY ESTABLISHMENT TO WHICH THE RIDESHARE SERVICE CONVEYS YOU. YOU AGREE THAT ANY RIDESHARE SERVICE AND ANY ESTABLISHMENT YOU VISIT ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR CONDUCT AND LIABILITIES. FREEBIRD RIDES’ SOLE RESPONSIBILITIES AND LIABILITIES ARE THOSE SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS OF SERVICE.
IN ADDITION, THESE TERMSCONTAIN AN ARIBTRATION THAT REQUIRES YOU TO RESOLVE ANY DISPUTE WITH MOBILEOFFER, INC. dba FREEBIRD RIDES THROUGH BINDING ARBITRATION. THEREFORE,PLEASE REVIEW THE ARBITRATION AGREEMENT SET FORTH BELOW CAREFULLY. BY AGREEING TOTHESETERMS OF SERVICE, YOUEXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL OF THE ARBITRATION TERMS, AS WELL AS THE OTHER TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ABIDE BY THOSE TERMS. PLEASE TAKE THE TIME TO READ THEM CAREFULLY, AS THEY CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION REGARDING YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS, REMEDIES, AND OBLIGATIONS, INCLUDING LIABILITY LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS.
Contract Formation These Terms of Service ("Terms") govern your access or use of the applications, websites, content, products, and services (the "Services")made available by Freebird Rides and its affiliates, employees, agents, and officers (collectively, "Freebird Rides", "we", "us" and "our").These Terms create a binding, enforceable legal agreement between Freebird Rides and you. These Terms may therefore be referred to herein as the "Agreement". In these Terms, the words "including" and "include" mean "including, but not limited to."
By accessing or using the Services, you confirm your agreement to be bound by these Terms. If you do not agree to these Terms, you may not access or use the Services. These Terms expressly supersede any prior agreements or arrangements with you. Freebird Rides may immediately terminate these Terms or any Services with respect to you, or generally cease offering or deny access to the Services or any portion thereof, at any time for any reason.
Freebird Rides may also amend these Terms from time to time. Your continued use of the Servicesafter these Terms have been changed or revised (as indicated by the “Last Updated” date set forth above)indicates your ongoing acceptance of these Terms, including any amendedor revisedTerms.
You agree that this Agreementis entered into electronically and that Freebird Rides may contact you electronically at the e-mail address and mobile telephone number connected with your account, whether provided to us directly or through Uber, for the purposes of communicating with you about your account and for marketing purposes. You may opt out of any marketing messages by sending us notice of your opt out to [email protected]. Please review our Privacy Policy located at https://www.freebirdrides.com/privacy/ as you must also agree to the terms and conditions of said Privacy Policy in order to use the Services.
The Services Freebird Rides is a referral service. Freebird Rides contracts with businesses that wish to encourage customers to visit their places of business (“Member Businesses”) by offering to reimburse their potential customers for some or all of their costs of obtaining transportation from a third party rideshare service such as Uber or Lyft. Freebird Rides’ Services include access to a mobile application and related tools (the “Application”) that integrate with the rideshare services, track the offers of Member Businesses, and communicate them to you. When you become a customer of a Member Business by making a purchase at the Member Business, the Application handles reimbursement to you in the amount of the offer from the Member Business or the cost of the ride, whichever is less.
The Services are made available to you for your own personal and non-commercial use. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT PROVIDING THE SERVICES DOES NOT MAKE FREEBIRD RIDES A TRANSPORTATION PROVIDER, DELIVERY SERVICE, OR CARRIER.
Please note that if you have not completed a ride on Freebird for six consecutive months, any Freebird reward points that you may have accrued will expire with no value. Freebird may also offset the reward points you are owed against any amount you owe Freebird.
License and Restrictions Related to the Services Subject to your compliance with these Terms, Freebird Rides grants you a limited, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, revocable, non-transferable license to: (i) access and use the Application on your personal device solely in connection with your use of the Services; and (ii) access and use any content, information and related materials that may be made available through the Services, in each case solely for your personal, noncommercial use. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Freebird Rides. You may not use any of Freebird Rides’ trademarks, logos, or other intellectual property except as expressly provided in theseTerms.
You may not: (i) remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary notices from any portion of the Services; (ii) reproduce, modify, prepare derivative works based upon, distribute, license, lease, sell, resell,transfer, publicly display, publicly perform, transmit, stream, broadcast or otherwise exploit the Services except as expressly permitted by Freebird Rides; (iii) decompile, reverse engineer or disassemble the Services except as may be permitted by applicable law; (iv) link to, mirror or frame any portion of the Services; (v) cause or launch any programs or scripts for the purpose of scraping, indexing, surveying, or otherwise data mining any portion of the Services or unduly burdening or hindering the operation and/or functionality of any aspect of the Services; or (vi) attempt to gain unauthorized access to or impair any aspect of the Services or its related systems or networks.
In connection with the Services, you may access services offered by third parties (“Third-Party Services”). Those Third-Party Services may involve drink and food specials from Member Businesses and other advertising offered by third parties. These third parties and the Third-Party Services are not governed by these Terms, and you acknowledge that your relationships with such third parties, including any liability relating to those relationships, are governed by your contracts and other legal relationships with those parties. This includes your relationships with rideshare providers,Member Businesses, and any other third parties who may advertise using the Services or with whom you may come in contact through the Services.
Agreement to Binding Arbitration You and Freebird Rides agree that any dispute, claim or controversy arising out of or relating to (a) these Terms or the existence, breach, termination, enforcement, interpretation or validity thereof, or (b) your access to or use of the Services at any time, whether before or after the date you agreed to the Terms, will be settledby binding arbitration between you and Freebird Rides, and not in a court of law.
You acknowledge and agree that you and Freebird Rides are each waiving the right to a trial by jury or to participate as a plaintiff or class member in any purported class action or representative proceeding. Unless both you and Freebird Rides otherwise agree in writing, any arbitration will be conducted only on an individual basis and not in a class, collective, consolidated, or representative proceeding. However, you and Freebird Rides each retain the right to bring an individual action in small claims court and the right to seek injunctive or other equitable relief in a court of competent jurisdiction to prevent the actual or threatened infringement, misappropriation or violation of a party's copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents or other intellectual property rights.
The arbitration will be administered by the American Arbitration Association ("AAA") in accordance with the AAA’s Consumer Arbitration Rules and the Supplementary Procedures for Consumer Related Disputes (the "AAA Rules") then in effect, except as modified by this Arbitration Agreement. The AAA Rules are available at www.adr.org/arb_med or by calling the AAA at1-800-778-7879.
The parties agree that the arbitrator (“Arbitrator”), and not any federal, state, or local court or agency, shall have exclusive authority to resolve any disputes relating to the interpretation, applicability, enforceability or formation of this Arbitration Agreement, including any claim that all or any part of this Arbitration Agreement is void or voidable. The Arbitrator shall also be responsible for determining all threshold arbitrability issues, including issues relating to whether theTerms are unconscionable or illusory and any defense to arbitration, including waiver, delay, laches, or estoppel.
Notwithstanding any choice of law or other provision in the Terms, the parties agree and acknowledge that this Arbitration Agreement evidences a transaction involving interstate commerce and that the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1 et seq. (“FAA”), will govern its interpretation and enforcement and proceedings pursuant thereto. It is the intent of the parties that the FAA and AAA Rules shall preempt all state laws to the fullest extent permitted by law. If the FAA and AAA Rules are found to not apply to any issue that arises under this Arbitration Agreement or the enforcement thereof,then that issue shall be resolved under the laws of the State of Californiawithout reference to or application of any conflict of law rules.
The Arbitrator will render an award within the timeframe specified in the AAA Rules. Judgment on the arbitration award may be entered in any court having competent jurisdiction to do so. The Arbitrator may award declaratory or injunctive relief only in favor of the claimant and only to the extent necessary to provide relief warranted by the claimant's individual claim. An Arbitrator’s decision shall be final and binding on all parties. An Arbitrator’s decision and judgment thereon shall have no precedential or collateral estoppel effect. The party that prevails in arbitration will be entitled to an award of attorneys' fees and expenses, to the extent allowedunder applicable law.
If any portion of this Arbitration Agreement is found to be unenforceable or unlawful for any reason, (1) the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall be severed from these Terms; (2) severance of the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall have no impact whatsoever on the remainder of the Arbitration Agreement or the parties’ ability to compel arbitration of any remaining claims on an individual basis pursuant to the Arbitration Agreement; and (3) to the extent that any claims must therefore proceed on a class, collective, consolidated, or representative basis, such claims must be litigated in a civil court of competent jurisdiction and not in arbitration, and the parties agree that litigation of those claims shall be stayed pending the outcome of any individual claims in arbitration.
User Accounts, Feedback and Copyrightable Content When you download the Application, you will be required to set up an account with Freebird Rides (“Account”). As part of the registration process, you will berequired to give us certain information such as your name, address, mobile phone number and age, as well as banking information for deposits of amounts to be reimbursed to you. You agree to maintain accurate, complete, and up-to-date information in your Account. Your failure to do so may result in your inability to access or use the Services. You may only have one Account and may not allow any third party to use your Account for any purpose.
You are responsible for any costs or fees related to network access and data or messaging fees for your mobile device and for the security of your loginIDand password related to your Account, as well as for all activity that occurs under your Account.
You must be 18 or older to access the Services, and you warrant andrepresent that you are 18 or over. You may not assign these Terms to any third party. If you do, Freebird Rides may, at its sole option, retroactively declare any such assignment void at the moment of assignment. You may not use your Account or access theServices for any purpose not in compliance with applicable law, and you may not use the Services in a manner that causes nuisance, annoyance, damage, or inconvenience to any third party.
The Services may permit you to submit feedback, user community contributions and comments, technical support information, suggestions, enhancement requests, recommendations, and messages relating to the use and operation of the Service(“User Content”). You grant to us a royalty-free, fully paid, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, transferable license to display, use, copy, modify, publish, perform, translate, create derivative works from, sublicense, distribute, and otherwise exploit User Contentwithout restriction.
We respect the intellectual propertyrights of others. We reserve the right to remove any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's copyright, trademark or other intellectual property right, and/or terminate, discontinue, suspend or restrict the account or ability to visit and/or use the Services or remove, edit, or disable any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's intellectual property rights. We provide this policy pursuant to Section 512 of the Copyright Revision Act, as enacted through the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA").
A valid complaint under the DMCA must provide the following information in writing: An electronic or physical signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Identification of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed. Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing and where it is located on the Service. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact you, such as your address, telephone number, and, email address. A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or law. A statement, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information is accurate, and that you are the copyright owner or are authorized to act on behalf of the owner.
FEDERAL LAW PROVIDES THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE MATERIAL IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY AND CIVIL PENALTIES, INCLUDING MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS' FEES.
The above information must be submitted to Freebird at: [email protected]
Payment Terms Payment Process: When you download the Application and register for an Account, you will receive access to available offers made by Member Businesses (each an “Offer”). If you accept an Offer and hail a ride pursuant to an Offer, payment for the total amount of the ride will be made to the rideshare operator using your credit card or other payment method on file with such rideshare operator. Payment will be governed by your agreement with the rideshare operator and any applicable agreement with your credit card company.
You must link one or more of your credit or debit cards with Freebird Rides to enable Freebird Rides to validate you have made a purchase at the Member Business establishment (each a “Linked Card”). When you reach the Member Business establishment and make a purchase there with a Linked Card, Freebird Rides will receive notice of the purchase and other payment information, including the date and time of purchase, amount of purchase, last four digits of the credit card number, city/state/zip code, and payment card type (“Payment Information”). You give permission to each Member Business and credit card processing company to share the Payment Information with Freebird Rides. Providing this information to Freebird Rides allows Freebird Rides to track the value of the Services on behalf of Member Businesses. Freebird Rides will keep confidential all Payment Information in accordance with applicable law and best industry practices and will not use such Payment Information for any purpose whatsoever, other than as set forth herein.
Upon receipt of notice that you have made a purchase, Freebird Rides will transfer credit from the Member Business’s account with Freebird Rides directly to your Account subject to the operating procedures of your bank. The amount will show as pending until such time as settlement occurs (usually within 72 hours), at which time you may transfer the credit into the bank account you have given us for the purposes of making reimbursements to you.
You are required to make a purchase at the Member Business before receiving reimbursement, but no specific amount of purchase is required.
If, for any reason, you do not make a purchase at the Member Business, you will not be reimbursed for the amount paid to the rideshare operator. If you have not created a Linked Card that matches the card you used to make a purchase at the Member Business within 45 days of such purchase, you will no longer be entitled to receive the Member Offer for that purchase. If, for any reason, your Linked Card does not match your transaction at a Member Business and you do not receive the Member Offer, you must report the issue to Freebird Rides by creating a ticket with Freebird Rides customer support within 45 days of your transaction date. If you do not create a support ticket within 45 days of such ride to a Member Business, you will forfeit your unclaimed Member Offer. Freebird Rides makes reimbursements based on the conditions set forth herein, and any exceptions or other allowances will be at the sole discretion of Freebird Rides.
Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability; Indemnity Disclaimer: THE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." FREEBIRD RIDES DISCLAIMS ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, NOT EXPRESSLY SET OUT IN THESE TERMS, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN ADDITION, FREEBIRD RIDES MAKES NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, OR GUARANTEE REGARDING THE RELIABILITY, TIMELINESS, QUALITY, SUITABILITY, OR AVAILABILITY OF THE SERVICES OR ANY SERVICES REQUESTED THROUGH THE USE OF THE SERVICES OR GOODS OBTAINED AT ANY MEMBER BUSINESS, OR THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE QUALITY, SUITABILITY, SAFETY OR ABILITY OF THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS. YOU AGREE THAT THE ENTIRE RISK ARISING OUT OF YOUR USE OF THE SERVICES, AND ANY SERVICE OR GOOD REQUESTED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH, REMAINS SOLELY WITH YOU, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW.
Limitation of Liability: FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA, PERSONAL INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RELATED TO, IN CONNECTION WITH, OR OTHERWISE RESULTING FROM ANY USE OF THE SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE NEGLIGENCE (EITHER ACTIVE, AFFIRMATIVE, SOLE, OR CONCURRENT) OF FREEBIRD RIDES, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, LIABILITY OR LOSSES ARISING OUT OF: (i) YOUR USE OF OR RELIANCE ON THE SERVICES OR YOUR INABILITY TO ACCESS OR USE THE SERVICES; OR (ii) ANY TRANSACTION OR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND ANY THIRD PARTY PROVIDER, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DELAY OR FAILURE IN PERFORMANCE RESULTING FROM CAUSES BEYOND FREEBIRD RIDES'S REASONABLE CONTROL. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION SERVICES, ACCOMMODATIONS, MEALS OR OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS MAY NOT BE PROFESSIONALLY LICENSED OR PERMITTED.
THE SERVICES MAY BE USED BY YOU TO REQUEST AND SCHEDULE TRANSPORTATION WTH THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS, BUT YOU AGREE THAT FREEBIRD RIDES HAS NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY TO YOU RELATED TO ANY TRANSPORTATION PROVIDED TO YOU BY THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS OR GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBER BUSINESSES OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS.
THE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER IN THIS SECTION DO NOT PURPORT TO LIMIT LIABILITY OR ALTER YOUR RIGHTS AS A CONSUMER THAT CANNOT BE EXCLUDED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF OR THE LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, IN SUCH STATES OR JURISDICTIONS, FREEBIRD RIDES’S LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. THIS PROVISION SHALL HAVE NO EFFECT ON FREEBIRD RIDES’S CHOICE OF LAW PROVISION SET FORTH BELOW.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE TO YOU, OR ANY OTHER PARTY, FOR TAXES OR OTHER LIABILITIES RELATED TO THE RECEIPT OF CASH PRIZES, NON-MONETARY PRIZES OR REWARDS OR ANY OTHER INCOME YOU MAY RECEIVE FROM USE OF THE SERVICES. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE BY USING THE SERVICES THAT YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY AND ALL SUCH LIABILITIES.
Indemnity: You agree to defend, indemnify and hold Freebird Rides and its affiliates and their officers, directors, employees, and agents harmless from and against any and all claims, demands, losses, liabilities, and expenses (including attorneys' fees), arising out of or related to: (i) your use of the Services or services or goods obtained through your use of the Services; (ii) your breach or violation of any of these Terms; (iii) the acts or omissions of any third-party provider, Member Business, or third party, including any claim related to a personal injury occurring en route to a Member Business and any claim related to a good purchased from a Member Business; or (iv) your violation of the rights of any third party, including third party providers.
Choice of Law These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., without reference to or application of its conflict of law principles, except as may be otherwise provided in the Arbitration Agreement above. The foregoing choice of law and forum selection provisions do not apply to the arbitration clause in the Terms or to any arbitrable disputes as defined therein. Instead, the Federal Arbitration Act shall apply to any such disputes.
Notice Freebird Rides may give notice by means of a general notice on the Services, electronic mail to your email address in your Account, telephone or text message to any phone number provided in connection with your account, or by written communication sent by first class mail or pre-paid post to any address connected with your Account. Such notice shall be deemed to have been given upon the expiration of 48 hours after mailing or posting (if sent by first class mail or pre-paid post) or 12 hours after sending (if sent by email or telephone). You may give notice to Freebird Rides, with such notice deemed given when received by Freebird Rides, at any time by first class mail or pre-paid post to Mobileoffer, Inc., 26500 Agora Road, Calabasas, CA 91302. You may also give notice to Freebird Rides via e-mail directed to [email protected]. E-mail notice shall be deemed delivered when affirmatively acknowledged by Freebird Rides.
General No joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you or Freebird Rides as a result of these Terms or use of the Services. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision shall be struck and the remaining provisions shall be enforced to the fullest extent possible under law. Freebird Rides' failure to enforce any right or provision in these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by Freebird Rides in writing. This provision shall not affect any portion of the Arbitration Agreement of these Terms. These Terms are the complete and fully integrated expression of the parties’ agreement with respect to the matters addressed herein and may be modified or supplemented only by written agreement signed by the parties or as set forth in the Terms.
submitted by play_it_safe to signupsforpay [link] [comments]


2019.10.20 00:05 play_it_safe [OFFER] Take Uber/Lyft ride, I'll pay you $3 for it AND you get $5 x 2 bonus from them, no minimum cashout amount (Freebird app)

US only, need debit card to cash out to (no minimum withdrawal), need to sign in to CC/debit account and pay with that card
You'll pay for first ride out of pocket, and get $5 referral credit on first ride (and $3 from me) and then another $5 on second ride (and can probably get promo code to apply for second one)
Freebird is essentially a ridesharing (Uber mostly, now Lyft, too) cashback app that acts like a portal to Uber and Lyft, much like eBates in a way. This is all guaranteed to work with Uber, so I'm sticking with that.
This is a bit involved but well worth it and very straightforward. Exact instructions follow.
1) Download Freebird app (NOT Freebirds, the burrito place!) by clicking the follwing link: https://my.fbird.co/G30ebkDrzT
2) Make an account by linking your Uber account, and then go to Profile>Promo Codes in Freebird app and enter the referral code p96b1 (just in case it didn't apply through using the above link).
PM me at this point with your first name and I will confirm for you that your signup is indeed tied to my referal for the $5 x 2 from the app later on
3) Go to Profile>Payment Methods to link the CC/debit card you use for your regular Uber app. They must be the same. Now you're all set up! You can take the ride whenever you want after this.
4) When you're ready to take your ride, do the following:
Book a ride using above payment method through the Freebird app, not through Uber app! It says to a movie theater but can be anywhere.
After the ride is complete, you'll get a $5 referral bonus and you can cash it out with no minimum withdrawal required to a debit card.
5) PM me the name you sent me after Step 2 and your Paypal email. If it checks out, I'll send $3 to your PayPal. It may take me up to an hour or so to verify get you the funds -- I'm only checking my reddit periodically! So don't freak out if I don't respond immediately
6) Take the second ride if you want. I won't be paying anything for this one, but the second one will get you another $5 referral promo and before taking the ride, you should put in the codes at the end of this post to see if one works
Here is how the screen should look with promo code applied; make sure promo code you want to use shows.
If you have more than one phone numbeUber account, I'll pay out for each time you do it.
If you have any questions at all, PM or comment, and also let me know if my instructions are uncleaneed revising.
Photo proof of how the promo codes load and cash out
Previous times I ran this offer with payout confirmations there too: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
My rep profile
And my GCExchange profile
PROMO codes to try right now AFTER first ride with my referral code are V2DEA, GO2TEN, 3TENBACK, and URBDAY1 (app will tell you if they do or don't when you enter them on the promo code screen).
Terms and conditions
Last Updated: April 2, 2019
Welcome to Mobileoffer, Inc. dba Freebird Rides –the world’s first and only platform that allows you to earn valuable points and cash rewards for simply riding with a rideshare service. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THAT FREEBIRD RIDES PROVIDES A REFERRAL SERVICE, SIMPLY CONNECTING YOU WITH ONE OR MORE RIDESHARE SERVICES THAT MAY TAKE YOU TO THE ESTABLISHMENTS OF VARIOUS BUSINESSES. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT PROVIDE ANY RIDESHARE SERVICES, AND IT DOES NOT OFFER ANY OF THE SERVICES OR PRODUCTS THAT MAY BE OFFERED BY ANY ESTABLISHMENT TO WHICH THE RIDESHARE SERVICE CONVEYS YOU. YOU AGREE THAT ANY RIDESHARE SERVICE AND ANY ESTABLISHMENT YOU VISIT ARE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR CONDUCT AND LIABILITIES. FREEBIRD RIDES’ SOLE RESPONSIBILITIES AND LIABILITIES ARE THOSE SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS OF SERVICE.
IN ADDITION, THESE TERMSCONTAIN AN ARIBTRATION THAT REQUIRES YOU TO RESOLVE ANY DISPUTE WITH MOBILEOFFER, INC. dba FREEBIRD RIDES THROUGH BINDING ARBITRATION. THEREFORE,PLEASE REVIEW THE ARBITRATION AGREEMENT SET FORTH BELOW CAREFULLY. BY AGREEING TOTHESETERMS OF SERVICE, YOUEXPRESSLY ACKNOWLEDGE THAT YOU HAVE READ AND UNDERSTAND ALL OF THE ARBITRATION TERMS, AS WELL AS THE OTHER TERMS OF THIS AGREEMENT AND AGREE TO ABIDE BY THOSE TERMS. PLEASE TAKE THE TIME TO READ THEM CAREFULLY, AS THEY CONTAIN IMPORTANT INFORMATION REGARDING YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS, REMEDIES, AND OBLIGATIONS, INCLUDING LIABILITY LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS.
Contract Formation These Terms of Service ("Terms") govern your access or use of the applications, websites, content, products, and services (the "Services")made available by Freebird Rides and its affiliates, employees, agents, and officers (collectively, "Freebird Rides", "we", "us" and "our").These Terms create a binding, enforceable legal agreement between Freebird Rides and you. These Terms may therefore be referred to herein as the "Agreement". In these Terms, the words "including" and "include" mean "including, but not limited to."
By accessing or using the Services, you confirm your agreement to be bound by these Terms. If you do not agree to these Terms, you may not access or use the Services. These Terms expressly supersede any prior agreements or arrangements with you. Freebird Rides may immediately terminate these Terms or any Services with respect to you, or generally cease offering or deny access to the Services or any portion thereof, at any time for any reason.
Freebird Rides may also amend these Terms from time to time. Your continued use of the Servicesafter these Terms have been changed or revised (as indicated by the “Last Updated” date set forth above)indicates your ongoing acceptance of these Terms, including any amendedor revisedTerms.
You agree that this Agreementis entered into electronically and that Freebird Rides may contact you electronically at the e-mail address and mobile telephone number connected with your account, whether provided to us directly or through Uber, for the purposes of communicating with you about your account and for marketing purposes. You may opt out of any marketing messages by sending us notice of your opt out to [email protected]. Please review our Privacy Policy located at https://www.freebirdrides.com/privacy/ as you must also agree to the terms and conditions of said Privacy Policy in order to use the Services.
The Services Freebird Rides is a referral service. Freebird Rides contracts with businesses that wish to encourage customers to visit their places of business (“Member Businesses”) by offering to reimburse their potential customers for some or all of their costs of obtaining transportation from a third party rideshare service such as Uber or Lyft. Freebird Rides’ Services include access to a mobile application and related tools (the “Application”) that integrate with the rideshare services, track the offers of Member Businesses, and communicate them to you. When you become a customer of a Member Business by making a purchase at the Member Business, the Application handles reimbursement to you in the amount of the offer from the Member Business or the cost of the ride, whichever is less.
The Services are made available to you for your own personal and non-commercial use. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT PROVIDING THE SERVICES DOES NOT MAKE FREEBIRD RIDES A TRANSPORTATION PROVIDER, DELIVERY SERVICE, OR CARRIER.
Please note that if you have not completed a ride on Freebird for six consecutive months, any Freebird reward points that you may have accrued will expire with no value. Freebird may also offset the reward points you are owed against any amount you owe Freebird.
License and Restrictions Related to the Services Subject to your compliance with these Terms, Freebird Rides grants you a limited, non-exclusive, non-sublicensable, revocable, non-transferable license to: (i) access and use the Application on your personal device solely in connection with your use of the Services; and (ii) access and use any content, information and related materials that may be made available through the Services, in each case solely for your personal, noncommercial use. Any rights not expressly granted herein are reserved by Freebird Rides. You may not use any of Freebird Rides’ trademarks, logos, or other intellectual property except as expressly provided in theseTerms.
You may not: (i) remove any copyright, trademark or other proprietary notices from any portion of the Services; (ii) reproduce, modify, prepare derivative works based upon, distribute, license, lease, sell, resell,transfer, publicly display, publicly perform, transmit, stream, broadcast or otherwise exploit the Services except as expressly permitted by Freebird Rides; (iii) decompile, reverse engineer or disassemble the Services except as may be permitted by applicable law; (iv) link to, mirror or frame any portion of the Services; (v) cause or launch any programs or scripts for the purpose of scraping, indexing, surveying, or otherwise data mining any portion of the Services or unduly burdening or hindering the operation and/or functionality of any aspect of the Services; or (vi) attempt to gain unauthorized access to or impair any aspect of the Services or its related systems or networks.
In connection with the Services, you may access services offered by third parties (“Third-Party Services”). Those Third-Party Services may involve drink and food specials from Member Businesses and other advertising offered by third parties. These third parties and the Third-Party Services are not governed by these Terms, and you acknowledge that your relationships with such third parties, including any liability relating to those relationships, are governed by your contracts and other legal relationships with those parties. This includes your relationships with rideshare providers,Member Businesses, and any other third parties who may advertise using the Services or with whom you may come in contact through the Services.
Agreement to Binding Arbitration You and Freebird Rides agree that any dispute, claim or controversy arising out of or relating to (a) these Terms or the existence, breach, termination, enforcement, interpretation or validity thereof, or (b) your access to or use of the Services at any time, whether before or after the date you agreed to the Terms, will be settledby binding arbitration between you and Freebird Rides, and not in a court of law.
You acknowledge and agree that you and Freebird Rides are each waiving the right to a trial by jury or to participate as a plaintiff or class member in any purported class action or representative proceeding. Unless both you and Freebird Rides otherwise agree in writing, any arbitration will be conducted only on an individual basis and not in a class, collective, consolidated, or representative proceeding. However, you and Freebird Rides each retain the right to bring an individual action in small claims court and the right to seek injunctive or other equitable relief in a court of competent jurisdiction to prevent the actual or threatened infringement, misappropriation or violation of a party's copyrights, trademarks, trade secrets, patents or other intellectual property rights.
The arbitration will be administered by the American Arbitration Association ("AAA") in accordance with the AAA’s Consumer Arbitration Rules and the Supplementary Procedures for Consumer Related Disputes (the "AAA Rules") then in effect, except as modified by this Arbitration Agreement. The AAA Rules are available at www.adr.org/arb_med or by calling the AAA at1-800-778-7879.
The parties agree that the arbitrator (“Arbitrator”), and not any federal, state, or local court or agency, shall have exclusive authority to resolve any disputes relating to the interpretation, applicability, enforceability or formation of this Arbitration Agreement, including any claim that all or any part of this Arbitration Agreement is void or voidable. The Arbitrator shall also be responsible for determining all threshold arbitrability issues, including issues relating to whether theTerms are unconscionable or illusory and any defense to arbitration, including waiver, delay, laches, or estoppel.
Notwithstanding any choice of law or other provision in the Terms, the parties agree and acknowledge that this Arbitration Agreement evidences a transaction involving interstate commerce and that the Federal Arbitration Act, 9 U.S.C. § 1 et seq. (“FAA”), will govern its interpretation and enforcement and proceedings pursuant thereto. It is the intent of the parties that the FAA and AAA Rules shall preempt all state laws to the fullest extent permitted by law. If the FAA and AAA Rules are found to not apply to any issue that arises under this Arbitration Agreement or the enforcement thereof,then that issue shall be resolved under the laws of the State of Californiawithout reference to or application of any conflict of law rules.
The Arbitrator will render an award within the timeframe specified in the AAA Rules. Judgment on the arbitration award may be entered in any court having competent jurisdiction to do so. The Arbitrator may award declaratory or injunctive relief only in favor of the claimant and only to the extent necessary to provide relief warranted by the claimant's individual claim. An Arbitrator’s decision shall be final and binding on all parties. An Arbitrator’s decision and judgment thereon shall have no precedential or collateral estoppel effect. The party that prevails in arbitration will be entitled to an award of attorneys' fees and expenses, to the extent allowedunder applicable law.
If any portion of this Arbitration Agreement is found to be unenforceable or unlawful for any reason, (1) the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall be severed from these Terms; (2) severance of the unenforceable or unlawful provision shall have no impact whatsoever on the remainder of the Arbitration Agreement or the parties’ ability to compel arbitration of any remaining claims on an individual basis pursuant to the Arbitration Agreement; and (3) to the extent that any claims must therefore proceed on a class, collective, consolidated, or representative basis, such claims must be litigated in a civil court of competent jurisdiction and not in arbitration, and the parties agree that litigation of those claims shall be stayed pending the outcome of any individual claims in arbitration.
User Accounts, Feedback and Copyrightable Content When you download the Application, you will be required to set up an account with Freebird Rides (“Account”). As part of the registration process, you will berequired to give us certain information such as your name, address, mobile phone number and age, as well as banking information for deposits of amounts to be reimbursed to you. You agree to maintain accurate, complete, and up-to-date information in your Account. Your failure to do so may result in your inability to access or use the Services. You may only have one Account and may not allow any third party to use your Account for any purpose.
You are responsible for any costs or fees related to network access and data or messaging fees for your mobile device and for the security of your loginIDand password related to your Account, as well as for all activity that occurs under your Account.
You must be 18 or older to access the Services, and you warrant andrepresent that you are 18 or over. You may not assign these Terms to any third party. If you do, Freebird Rides may, at its sole option, retroactively declare any such assignment void at the moment of assignment. You may not use your Account or access theServices for any purpose not in compliance with applicable law, and you may not use the Services in a manner that causes nuisance, annoyance, damage, or inconvenience to any third party.
The Services may permit you to submit feedback, user community contributions and comments, technical support information, suggestions, enhancement requests, recommendations, and messages relating to the use and operation of the Service(“User Content”). You grant to us a royalty-free, fully paid, non-exclusive, perpetual, irrevocable, worldwide, transferable license to display, use, copy, modify, publish, perform, translate, create derivative works from, sublicense, distribute, and otherwise exploit User Contentwithout restriction.
We respect the intellectual propertyrights of others. We reserve the right to remove any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's copyright, trademark or other intellectual property right, and/or terminate, discontinue, suspend or restrict the account or ability to visit and/or use the Services or remove, edit, or disable any User Content on the Services which allegedly infringe upon another person's intellectual property rights. We provide this policy pursuant to Section 512 of the Copyright Revision Act, as enacted through the Digital Millennium Copyright Act ("DMCA").
A valid complaint under the DMCA must provide the following information in writing: An electronic or physical signature of a person authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner. Identification of the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed. Identification of the material that is claimed to be infringing and where it is located on the Service. Information reasonably sufficient to permit us to contact you, such as your address, telephone number, and, email address. A statement that you have a good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or law. A statement, made under penalty of perjury, that the above information is accurate, and that you are the copyright owner or are authorized to act on behalf of the owner.
FEDERAL LAW PROVIDES THAT IF YOU KNOWINGLY MISREPRESENT THAT ONLINE MATERIAL IS INFRINGING, YOU MAY BE SUBJECT TO CRIMINAL PROSECUTION FOR PERJURY AND CIVIL PENALTIES, INCLUDING MONETARY DAMAGES, COURT COSTS, AND ATTORNEYS' FEES.
The above information must be submitted to Freebird at: [email protected]
Payment Terms Payment Process: When you download the Application and register for an Account, you will receive access to available offers made by Member Businesses (each an “Offer”). If you accept an Offer and hail a ride pursuant to an Offer, payment for the total amount of the ride will be made to the rideshare operator using your credit card or other payment method on file with such rideshare operator. Payment will be governed by your agreement with the rideshare operator and any applicable agreement with your credit card company.
You must link one or more of your credit or debit cards with Freebird Rides to enable Freebird Rides to validate you have made a purchase at the Member Business establishment (each a “Linked Card”). When you reach the Member Business establishment and make a purchase there with a Linked Card, Freebird Rides will receive notice of the purchase and other payment information, including the date and time of purchase, amount of purchase, last four digits of the credit card number, city/state/zip code, and payment card type (“Payment Information”). You give permission to each Member Business and credit card processing company to share the Payment Information with Freebird Rides. Providing this information to Freebird Rides allows Freebird Rides to track the value of the Services on behalf of Member Businesses. Freebird Rides will keep confidential all Payment Information in accordance with applicable law and best industry practices and will not use such Payment Information for any purpose whatsoever, other than as set forth herein.
Upon receipt of notice that you have made a purchase, Freebird Rides will transfer credit from the Member Business’s account with Freebird Rides directly to your Account subject to the operating procedures of your bank. The amount will show as pending until such time as settlement occurs (usually within 72 hours), at which time you may transfer the credit into the bank account you have given us for the purposes of making reimbursements to you.
You are required to make a purchase at the Member Business before receiving reimbursement, but no specific amount of purchase is required.
If, for any reason, you do not make a purchase at the Member Business, you will not be reimbursed for the amount paid to the rideshare operator. If you have not created a Linked Card that matches the card you used to make a purchase at the Member Business within 45 days of such purchase, you will no longer be entitled to receive the Member Offer for that purchase. If, for any reason, your Linked Card does not match your transaction at a Member Business and you do not receive the Member Offer, you must report the issue to Freebird Rides by creating a ticket with Freebird Rides customer support within 45 days of your transaction date. If you do not create a support ticket within 45 days of such ride to a Member Business, you will forfeit your unclaimed Member Offer. Freebird Rides makes reimbursements based on the conditions set forth herein, and any exceptions or other allowances will be at the sole discretion of Freebird Rides.
Disclaimers; Limitation of Liability; Indemnity Disclaimer: THE SERVICES ARE PROVIDED "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE." FREEBIRD RIDES DISCLAIMS ALL REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY, NOT EXPRESSLY SET OUT IN THESE TERMS, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. IN ADDITION, FREEBIRD RIDES MAKES NO REPRESENTATION, WARRANTY, OR GUARANTEE REGARDING THE RELIABILITY, TIMELINESS, QUALITY, SUITABILITY, OR AVAILABILITY OF THE SERVICES OR ANY SERVICES REQUESTED THROUGH THE USE OF THE SERVICES OR GOODS OBTAINED AT ANY MEMBER BUSINESS, OR THAT THE SERVICES WILL BE UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR-FREE. FREEBIRD RIDES DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE QUALITY, SUITABILITY, SAFETY OR ABILITY OF THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS. YOU AGREE THAT THE ENTIRE RISK ARISING OUT OF YOUR USE OF THE SERVICES, AND ANY SERVICE OR GOOD REQUESTED IN CONNECTION THEREWITH, REMAINS SOLELY WITH YOU, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW.
Limitation of Liability: FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, INCLUDING LOST PROFITS, LOST DATA, PERSONAL INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE RELATED TO, IN CONNECTION WITH, OR OTHERWISE RESULTING FROM ANY USE OF THE SERVICES, REGARDLESS OF THE NEGLIGENCE (EITHER ACTIVE, AFFIRMATIVE, SOLE, OR CONCURRENT) OF FREEBIRD RIDES, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DAMAGES, LIABILITY OR LOSSES ARISING OUT OF: (i) YOUR USE OF OR RELIANCE ON THE SERVICES OR YOUR INABILITY TO ACCESS OR USE THE SERVICES; OR (ii) ANY TRANSACTION OR RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YOU AND ANY THIRD PARTY PROVIDER, EVEN IF FREEBIRD RIDES HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR DELAY OR FAILURE IN PERFORMANCE RESULTING FROM CAUSES BEYOND FREEBIRD RIDES'S REASONABLE CONTROL. YOU ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS PROVIDING TRANSPORTATION SERVICES, ACCOMMODATIONS, MEALS OR OTHER SERVICES OR GOODS MAY NOT BE PROFESSIONALLY LICENSED OR PERMITTED.
THE SERVICES MAY BE USED BY YOU TO REQUEST AND SCHEDULE TRANSPORTATION WTH THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS, BUT YOU AGREE THAT FREEBIRD RIDES HAS NO RESPONSIBILITY OR LIABILITY TO YOU RELATED TO ANY TRANSPORTATION PROVIDED TO YOU BY THIRD PARTY PROVIDERS OR GOODS OR SERVICES PROVIDED BY MEMBER BUSINESSES OTHER THAN AS EXPRESSLY SET FORTH IN THESE TERMS.
THE LIMITATIONS AND DISCLAIMER IN THIS SECTION DO NOT PURPORT TO LIMIT LIABILITY OR ALTER YOUR RIGHTS AS A CONSUMER THAT CANNOT BE EXCLUDED UNDER APPLICABLE LAW. BECAUSE SOME STATES OR JURISDICTIONS DO NOT ALLOW THE EXCLUSION OF OR THE LIMITATION OF LIABILITY FOR CONSEQUENTIAL OR INCIDENTAL DAMAGES, IN SUCH STATES OR JURISDICTIONS, FREEBIRD RIDES’S LIABILITY SHALL BE LIMITED TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW. THIS PROVISION SHALL HAVE NO EFFECT ON FREEBIRD RIDES’S CHOICE OF LAW PROVISION SET FORTH BELOW.
FREEBIRD RIDES SHALL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE TO YOU, OR ANY OTHER PARTY, FOR TAXES OR OTHER LIABILITIES RELATED TO THE RECEIPT OF CASH PRIZES, NON-MONETARY PRIZES OR REWARDS OR ANY OTHER INCOME YOU MAY RECEIVE FROM USE OF THE SERVICES. YOU EXPRESSLY AGREE BY USING THE SERVICES THAT YOU WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY AND ALL SUCH LIABILITIES.
Indemnity: You agree to defend, indemnify and hold Freebird Rides and its affiliates and their officers, directors, employees, and agents harmless from and against any and all claims, demands, losses, liabilities, and expenses (including attorneys' fees), arising out of or related to: (i) your use of the Services or services or goods obtained through your use of the Services; (ii) your breach or violation of any of these Terms; (iii) the acts or omissions of any third-party provider, Member Business, or third party, including any claim related to a personal injury occurring en route to a Member Business and any claim related to a good purchased from a Member Business; or (iv) your violation of the rights of any third party, including third party providers.
Choice of Law These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California, U.S.A., without reference to or application of its conflict of law principles, except as may be otherwise provided in the Arbitration Agreement above. The foregoing choice of law and forum selection provisions do not apply to the arbitration clause in the Terms or to any arbitrable disputes as defined therein. Instead, the Federal Arbitration Act shall apply to any such disputes.
Notice Freebird Rides may give notice by means of a general notice on the Services, electronic mail to your email address in your Account, telephone or text message to any phone number provided in connection with your account, or by written communication sent by first class mail or pre-paid post to any address connected with your Account. Such notice shall be deemed to have been given upon the expiration of 48 hours after mailing or posting (if sent by first class mail or pre-paid post) or 12 hours after sending (if sent by email or telephone). You may give notice to Freebird Rides, with such notice deemed given when received by Freebird Rides, at any time by first class mail or pre-paid post to Mobileoffer, Inc., 26500 Agora Road, Calabasas, CA 91302. You may also give notice to Freebird Rides via e-mail directed to [email protected]. E-mail notice shall be deemed delivered when affirmatively acknowledged by Freebird Rides.
General No joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you or Freebird Rides as a result of these Terms or use of the Services. If any provision of these Terms is held to be invalid or unenforceable, such provision shall be struck and the remaining provisions shall be enforced to the fullest extent possible under law. Freebird Rides' failure to enforce any right or provision in these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by Freebird Rides in writing. This provision shall not affect any portion of the Arbitration Agreement of these Terms. These Terms are the complete and fully integrated expression of the parties’ agreement with respect to the matters addressed herein and may be modified or supplemented only by written agreement signed by the parties or as set forth in the Terms.
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